Hentai

" is a Japanese word that, in the West, is used when referring to sexually explicit or pornographic comics and animation, particularly Japanese anime, manga and computer games (see Japanese pornography). In Japan it can be used to mean "metamorphosis" or "abnormality". The word "hentai" has a negative connotation to the Japanese and is commonly used to mean "sexually perverted".

In Japan, sexually explicit material is more often referred to as "jū hachi kin" (18禁; prohibited for sale to persons under 18), "seinen" (成年; adult, not to be confused with 青年 "young adult"), or with the prefix "ero-"(エロ-).Hentai anime and manga allow elements of sexual fantasy to be represented in ways that would be impossible to film.

Meaning of the word

In the 1916 translation of Richard von Krafft-Ebing's "Psychopathia Sexualis", "psychology of abnormal sexuality" was rendered in Japanese as 『変態性慾心理』 ("Hentai Seiyoku Shinri").

In Japanese the word "hentai" is a kanji compound of 変 ("hen" meaning "change" "weird" or "strange") and 態 ("tai" meaning "attitude" or "appearance"). The term is used as a shortened form of the phrase 変態性欲 (hentai seiyoku), or "sexual perversion." In slang, 変態 (hentai) is used as an insult meaning roughly "pervert" or "weirdo". The term is not often applied to pornography in Japan. Instead, terms such as "18-kin" (18禁, literally "18-prohibited") meaning "prohibited to those not yet 18 years old", and "seijin manga" (成人漫画 "adult manga") are used when referring to pornography. The English letters AV are also used, standing for adult video.

The English use of "hentai" is more similar to the way the Japanese use the slang term エッチ ("H", "etchi", often spelled "ecchi"), which refers to any sexually explicit content or behavior. "Etchi" is simply the spelling-out of the Japanese pronunciation of the letter "H". The origins of this term are uncertain, but it may be a shortened form of "hentai" used as a polite codeword in the 1960s.

"H" in Japan is now broadly used to refer to all sexual content or activity (including being used as a verb called shnicker doodles ["えっちやる," to have sex. See, for example, [http://www.tv-asahi.co.jp/tiger/contents/back_number/jibara/2001/011207.html "めちゃくちゃエッチやったもん"] - "they had sex like crazy" - in a movie review)] ) So, "H manga" are manga with sexual content. Recently, the term "ero" (エロ), short for "erotic" but closer in meaning to "porn", is now used more often instead of "H".

Exactly how the term "hentai" came to refer to all sexually explicit content in American anime fandom is unknown. With the rise of the World Wide Web, however, the term was extensively promoted by pornographic sites selling access to (frequently bootlegged) erotic manga. Banner ads promoting these sites might, for instance advertise "live girls and hentai", with the latter meaning erotic manga as opposed to photographs. Compare "otaku" for another word altered somewhat in this transition. [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26639577/] ] [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6227619/] ] [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6282737/] ]

Hentai classification

There are two main categories of hentai: works that feature mainly heterosexual interactions (often abbreviated as "het"), and those that feature mainly homosexual interactions. This second group can be further split into yaoi and yuri subgroups. "Yaoi" refers to male homosexual pairings, and "yuri" to female homosexual pairings.

Yaoi commonly features males of ambiguous gender in both physical appearance and mannerism – called "bishōnen", which literally means "beautiful boy". Some feature "biseinen" ("beautiful man"), males of more masculine appearance than "bishōnen". Less common are "bara" – larger, often heavily muscled and sometimes hairy males, the yaoi counterpart of the "bear" in gay pornography – as well as "oyaji" (meaning "daddy" or "uncle"), featuring middle-aged and elderly men. Yaoi also extends beyond the (sexually explicit) hentai genre, since it is an applies to any anime/manga material that includes male homosexuality. It is, however, distinct from shōnen-ai (literally, "boy-love"), in which two males merely express romantic feelings for each other without actually having sexual relations. Women interested in Yaoi are called "Fujoshi" (腐女子), which means "rotten girl" or "rotten woman". "Compare fag hag."

Yuri is very similar to yaoi, except that the focus is on female homosexual interactions, and the characters in a typical yuri illustration or animation tend to be far less realistic than are the males in yaoi. The characters in yuri are known as "bishōjo," meaning "beautiful girl". Shōjo-ai ("girl love") is a western term for the female equivalent of shōnen-ai; in Japan these works are also called yuri.

The scope of hentai encompasses the entire range of sexual fetishes, including:
*Bakunyū, the depiction of women with large breasts. Literally translated to "bursting breasts".
*Futanari, depictions of hermaphrodites or transsexuals that have both phallic genitalia (penis with scrotum, only a penal shaft, or an enlarged clitoris) and vaginal genitalia or a feminine hourglass shape including breasts and a penis plus scrotum.
*BDSM, A spectrum of consensual sexual activities considered to be "kinky" or non mainstream, including such topics as power exchange (domination and submission), bondage, sadomasochism, spanking, etc.
*Bestiality
*Breast-oriented torture and Breast bondage, BDSM practices focusing on breasts, many times coupled with a variety of torture
*Erotic lactation
*Lolicon, depicts prepubescent or preadolescent girls.
*Maiesiophilia
*nihongo|Omorashi|オモラシ / おもらし / お漏らし in which individuals struggle with a full bladder before finally wetting themselves(also known as watersports).
*Urolagnia: Urinating.
*Coprophilia: Feces.
*Shotacon, the depiction of young boys having intercourse, depicting young boys with older women, known as "straight shota" in western jargon.
*Tentacle rape, the depiction of tentacled creatures and sometimes monsters (fictional imaginative or otherwise, also includes alien-like creatures) engaging in sex or rape with girls and less often men.
*Incest sexual activity with legal family members noticiably seen in "The Sagara Family" a hentai computer game.

Hentai media

*Adult anime, or hentai anime, is anime that relies primarily on sex.
*Adult manga, or hentai manga, is manga designed for purely pornographic purposes. Plot is still used to develop character and setting, but most of the time, the ultimate goal is to show scenes of sexuality with few exceptions. Adult manga is often sold in convenience stores, book stores, and magazine stores in Japan, and also other public places such as airports, and is far more prolific and accessible than the US adult comic book market. It is usually distributed in digest format, containing several stories by different artists. (e.g. An anthology.)
*Adult CG artwork includes individual drawings by artists. Art can be available on websites, CD-ROMs, or in printed art books. CG artwork is used frequently in adult video games.
*Adult video games, or eroge, are games with a pornographic element. They can include bishōjo games that involve character driven plots, and can exist as sex simulations.
*Adult Dōjinshi, or H dōjinshi, refers to a type of work that uses copyrighted characters presented in sexual situations. It usually refers to printed manga, but can also refer to any type of visual work depicting copyrighted characters, including video games, animation, and CG artwork. Familiarity with a particular character or setting can add a sense of relating to the character over a generic character used in mainstream hentai, making dōjinshi more appealing to fans of a particular work. Despite not representing characters and licensed properties as intended, companies often view these works as a free form of license recognition and advertising through dedicated fandom. Some mangakas create hentai dojinshi with characters from their own manga, such as Kazushi Hagiwara, who himself created "Bastard - Expansion", a pornographic dōjin with characters from "Bastard!!".
*In Western fanfiction circles, hentai-based works are popularly referred to as "lemon," based on a more popular hentai title called "Cream Lemon". Fictions referred to as "Lime" are ones in which the characters do everything short of having sexual intercourse with each other. In Japan, the works may be referred to as "lemon" or "pink" ("pink" having sexual connotations similar to the term "lime" in the west).

ee also

*Anime
*Bishōjo game
*Bishōjo
*Bishōnen
*Cartoon pornography
*Eroge
*Ero guro
*List of hentai anime
*List of hentai authors (groups, studios, production companies, circles)
*Lolicon
*Manga
*Panchira
*Shotacon
*Shunga
*Yaoi
*Yuri (term)

External links

* [http://www.seekjapan.jp/article-1/744/The+(Almost)+Complete+Japanzine+Dictionary+of+Japan+Sex Dictionary of Japan Sex]
* [http://www.hentai.co.uk/articles/hentai_past_and_present.html Hentai: Past and Present]
* [http://wakaba.c3.cx/soc/kareha.pl/1121956450 The "hentai" thread] at The Society for the Study of Modern Image Board Culture—comparative English and Japanese uses of the word.
* [http://bangkok2005.anu.edu.au/papers/McLelland.pdf "A Short History of '"Hentai"'"] , by Mark McLelland
* [http://wwwsshe.murdoch.edu.au/intersections/issue12/mclelland.html "A Short History of '"Hentai"'"] , by Mark McLelland, "Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context", Issue 12, January 2006. Footnoted HTML version.
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20030317120606re_/home.attbi.com/~kagamix2/H_does_not_mean_hentai/ 'H' does not mean 'hentai'] via the Internet Archive

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hentaï — Hentai En France (et en occident), hentai désigne les mangas (bandes dessinées) et les animes (dessins animés) japonais à caractère pornographique. Le genre est apparu lors de l émergence des OAV, en 1984. Sommaire 1 Hentai et ecchi 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hentai — Zeichnung mit pornografischer Darstellung im Anime Stil Mit Hentai (japanische Schreibweise 変態, „Transformation“ oder „Abweichung“) bezeichnet man außerhalb des japanischen Sprachraums pornographische Manga und Anime. Darunter fallen zum einen im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hentai — Illustration du Hentai. Hentai (変態, Hentai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hentai — Escritura de la palabra hentai en caracteres kanji. El hentai (変態, hentai …   Wikipedia Español

  • hentai — Japanese word for someone or something perverted. Also used for pornographic or adult anime or manga (comics). Chris got caught last night looking at hentai. His mother grounded him for two weeks …   Dictionary of american slang

  • Hentai — …   Википедия

  • hentai — noun A work of anime or manga (or any similar medium) that contains sexual or pornographic art …   Wiktionary

  • Hentai — Los dōjinshi (同人誌) son cómics japoneses (manga) dibujados por aficionados en lugar de dibujantes profesionales. Se trata normalmente de fanzines de manga. El término viene de dōjin (同人) o grupo literario , que era la forma tradicional de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hentai Ouji to Warawanai Neko — 変態王子と笑わない猫。 (Хэнтай О:дзи то вараванай нэко) …   Википедия

  • Hentai-Spiel — Beispielbild für ein Lolicon Erogē Als Erogē (jap. エロゲー; phonologische Begriffsbildung aus engl. erotic game) werden japanische Video oder Computerspiele mit erotischem und pornographischen Inhalt bezeichnet. Als …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.