Abu Tor

Abu Tor (Hebrew: אבו תור) (lit. "Father of the Bull") is a neighborhood in central Jerusalem, located along the pre-1967 border between East and West Jerusalem, just south of the Old City. Abu Tor is bounded by the Valley of Hinnom on the north, Hebron Road and the old Jerusalem railway station to the west, and the Sherover Promenade, Armon Hanatziv and Peace Forest to the south. [ [http://www.harrefaim.com/abutor.html About Abu Tor - Har Refaim Synagogue, Abu Tor, Jerusalem ] ]

Abu Tor is one of the few Jerusalem neighborhoods with a mixed Arab and Jewish population, though there has been tension between them. [ [http://www.nj.com/specialprojects/index.ssf?/specialprojects/jerusalem/jeru3.html NJ.com: Special Projects ] ]

Etymology

The Arabic name "Abu Tor" may be related to the worship of Ba'al, a god who assumed the form of a bull. [http://books.google.com/books?id=Q8U9Gv7ibJ8C&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=givat+hananya&source=web&ots=J8RTTml4ad&sig=IL_yBUTbaDiWOyc1Tc3fZz3teT0&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result] The official Hebrew name of the neighborhood is "Givat Hananya" ("Hananya's Hill"). [http://books.google.com/books?id=Q8U9Gv7ibJ8C&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=givat+hananya&source=web&ots=J8RTTml4ad&sig=IL_yBUTbaDiWOyc1Tc3fZz3teT0&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result]

History

From the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 until 1967, the border between Israel and Jordan ran through Abu Tor. [ [http://www.harrefaim.com/abutor.html About Abu Tor - Har Refaim Synagogue, Abu Tor, Jerusalem ] ]

Religious Life

While the Jewish section of Abu Tor is predominantly secular, the neighborhood has two synagogues - Har Refaim Synagogue for Ashkenazi Jews on Nachshon Street [http://www.harrefaim.com Har Refaim Synagogue - Abu Tor, Jerusalem] , and Shalom V'Achva Synagogue for Sephardi Jews.

References


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