Eternit

Eternit is a brand of roofing and paneling material, commonly called fiber-cement board, made of fibres and cement.

Originally, the fibres were made of asbestos and the material was commonly used as siding in house building due to its low cost, fire-resistance, light weight, and other properties. After the discovery that asbestos is highly carcinogenic, its use is now prohibited in some countries. However, it is still sold "under the counter" in some places, especially in coastal areas where it withstands the climate much better than other materials. [http://www.gp.se/gp/jsp/Crosslink.jsp?a=159038&d=875 Göteborgs-Posten: Byggmaterial: eternit] ] [ [http://www.azobuild.com/news.asp?newsID=1540 Eternit Sheeting Helps Boat Yard Get Ship Shape] ] Today, Eternit and other manufacturers of fiber-cement board now produce asbestos-free panels. [Eternit [http://www.eternit.ch/index.php?id=17&L=2 100 years Eternit AG] Retrieved on 6 August, 2007] [International Publications [http://international.sp.nl/publications/asbestos.pdf The Tragedy of Asbestos] Retrieved on 6 August, 2007]

Recommendations for the handing of Eternit differ from country to country.

Eternit was invented in the late 19th century by the Austrian Ludvig Hatschek. He mixed 90% cement and 10% asbestos with water and then ran it trough a cardboard machine. He named the product after the Latin word "aeternitas".

In South Africa

In South Africa the use of asbestos in the building industry became widespread when a factory was built by [http://www.everite.co.za Everite] at Brakenfell near Cape Town to manufacture asbestos-cement roofing and other fibre-cement products. The roof of the factory was manufactured with the newly installed machinery.

The use of asbestos in the manufacturing of fibre-cement products has now been discontinued by Everite and a new cement-based composite material [http://www.everite.co.za Nutec] has replaced the old product range. The use and handling of asbestos in South Africa is well-regulated and many asbestos-cement roofs and pipelines are completely safe to retain, provided that precautions are taken when drilling or cutting these materials.

The use and disposal of asbestos-wool insulation in ceilings, partitions and power stations is very hazardous and requires expert treatment.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eternit AG — Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1929[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • eternit — ETERNÍT s.n. (constr.) Azbociment. – Din germ. Eternit, fr. éternit. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ETERNÍT s.n. Azbociment. [< fr. éternite, cf. germ. Eternit …   Dicționar Român

  • Eternit — (abgeleitet vom lateinischen Wort aeternitas, „Ewigkeit“) ist ein Markenname von Faserzement der Name der Herstellerfirmen Eternit Werke und Eternit AG Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • eternit® — {{hw}}{{eternit®}}{{/hw}}o eternit s. m. Nome commerciale di un materiale per costruzione o protezione, costituito da malta e fibra di amianto …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • eternit — /ete rnit/ o / ɛternit/ s.m. [der. di eterno, con riferimento alla durata nel tempo]. (edil.) [nome comm. di un cemento con cui si fabbricavano lastre di copertura, tubi, cassoni, ecc.] ▶◀ cemento amianto, fibrocemento …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Eternit — Eternit®   [Kunstwort, von lateinisch aeternitas »Ewigkeit«] das oder der, s, Warenzeichen für Produkte aus Faserzement. * * * Eter|nit ® [auch: ... nɪt], das od. der; s [Kunstwort zu lat. aeternus = ewig, unvergänglich]: Asbestzement …   Universal-Lexikon

  • eternit — etèrnīt m <G eterníta> DEFINICIJA vrsta smjese od azbesta i cementa za pokrivanje krovova; salonit ETIMOLOGIJA lat. aeternus: vječan + it …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • eternit — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. eterniticie, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} materiał budowlany o właściwościach izolacyjnych, stosowany (w postaci płyt płaskich lub falistych) głównie do krycia dachów lub ocieplania ścian szczytowych budynków,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • eternit — e|ter|nit e|ter|nit ® sb., ten (et byggemateriale), i sms. eternit , fx eternitplade, eternittag …   Dansk ordbog

  • eternit — <lat.> xüs. Asbest və sement qarışığından hazırlanan süni şifer. Eternit və yaxud asbest ilə sementdən hazırlanmış kirəmit . . xüsusi zavodlarda presləmək üsulu ilə nazik vərəqələr (4 mm) halında hazırlanır ki, bunlar damları örtmək üçün… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti


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