Distribution of orchid species

This page lists all orchid species according to their respective distribution range.

Contents

Africa only

  • Agrostophyllum occidentale (Seychelles, N. Madagascar)
  • Agrostophyllum seychellarum (Seychelles)
  • Ancistrochilus rothschildianus (W. Trop. Africa to Uganda)
  • Ancistrochilus thomsonianus (S. Nigeria to WC. Trop. Africa)

China only, including Taiwan and Hainan

  • Cypripedium bardolphianum
    • Cypripedium bardolphianum var. bardolphianum
    • Cypripedium bardolphianum var. zhongdianense
  • Cypripedium calcicolum
  • Cypripedium cheniae
  • Cypripedium fargesii
  • Cypripedium farreri
  • Cypripedium fasciolatum
  • Cypripedium forrestii
  • Cypripedium franchetii (C & SC China)
  • Cypripedium froschii
  • Cypripedium henryi (C China)
  • Cypripedium lentiginosum
  • Cypripedium ludlowii
  • Cypripedium margaritaceum
  • Cypripedium micranthum
  • Cypripedium palangshanense
  • Cypripedium rubronerve
  • Cypripedium sichuanense
  • Cypripedium taibaiense
  • Cypripedium × wenqingiae
  • Cypripedium wumengense
  • Pleione formosana (SE. China, N. & C. Taiwan)
  • Pleione limprichtii (China - C. Sichuan)
  • Pleione microphylla (China - Guangdong).
  • Pleione pleionoides (C. China)

Northeast China only

  • Cypripedium agnicapitatum (Manchuria)
  • Cypripedium morinanthum (Manchuria)
  • Cypripedium neoparviflorum (Manchuria)
  • Cypripedium roseum (Manchuria)
  • Cypripedium sinapoides (Manchuria)

Tibet, Southwest, South-Central China only

  • Cypripedium daweishanense (Yunnan, China South-Central)
  • Cypripedium flavum (SE Tibet, SC China)
  • Cypripedium malipoense (Yunnan, China South-Central)
  • Cypripedium subtropicum (SE. Tibet)
  • Cypripedium wardii (SE. Tibet)
  • Cypripedium yunnanense (SE Tibet)
  • Paphiopedilum barbigerum (Southeast Yunnan, Southwest Guizhou, Guangxi)
  • Paphiopedilum dianthum (SE. Yunnan, SW. Guizhou, W. Guangxi)
  • Paphiopedilum emersonii (SE. Yunnan, S. Guizhou, Guangxi)
  • Paphiopedilum emersonii f. luteum (SE. Yunnan)
  • Paphiopedilum hirsutissimum var. chiwuanum (Yunnan)
  • Paphiopedilum malipoense var. angustatum (Yunnan)
  • Paphiopedilum malipoense f. concolor (Yunnan)
  • Paphiopedilum purpuratum (S.China to Hainan)
  • Paphiopedilum purpuratum var. hainanense (Hainan)
  • Paphiopedilum purpuratum var. purpuratum (Yunnan, Hong Kong, Guangdong)
  • Paphiopedilum saccopetalum (SE. Guangxi)
  • Paphiopedilum tigrinum (W. Yunnan)
  • Paphiopedilum wardii var. teestaensis (SW. YunNan)
  • Pleione aurita (China - W. Yunnan)
  • Pleione braemii (China - Yunnan)
  • Pleione bulbocodioides (C. China to SE. Tibet)
  • Pleione chunii (S. China)

Taiwan only

China through Korea, Japan

  • Cypripedium debile (Japan, Taiwan, China)
  • Cypripedium japonicum (China, Korea, Japan)
  • Cypripedium shanxiense (China to N Japan)

China through Southeast Asia

  • Cypripedium lichiangense (China (SW Sichuan, NW Yunnan), NE Myanmar)
  • Cypripedium plectrochilum (N Myanmar to SC China)
  • Paphiopedilum appletonianum (Indochina to Hainan)
  • Paphiopedilum armeniacum (western Yunnan to northern Myanmar)
  • Paphiopedilum bellatulum (Southeast Yunnan, Guizhou, South Guangxi to Indochina)
  • Paphiopedilum charlesworthii (N. Myanmar to China - Yunnan)
  • Paphiopedilum concolor (China - YunNan, Guizhou, Guangxi to Indo-China)
  • Paphiopedilum hangianum (China - YunNan to Viet Nam)
  • Paphiopedilum henryanum (China - SE. YunNan, Guangxi to N. Vietnam)
    • Paphiopedilum hirsutissimum var. esquirolei (China - YunNan, Guizhou, Guangxi to N. & E. Indo-China)
  • Paphiopedilum malipoense (S. China to N. Viet Nam)
    • Paphiopedilum malipoense var. jackii (H.S.Hua) Aver. (SE Yunnan to N. Vietnam)
  • Paphiopedilum malipoense var. malipoense (China - SE. YunNan, SW. Guizhou, SW. Guangxi to N. Viet Nam)
  • Paphiopedilum micranthum (China - SE. YunNan, W. & N. Guangxi, W. Guizhou to N. Viet Nam)
  • Paphiopedilum wardii (China - SW. YunNan to Myanmar)
  • Paphiopedilum villosum var. annamense (Yunnan, Guangxi to Indo-China)
  • Pleione albiflora (China - W. Yunnan to N. Myanmar)
  • Pleione forrestii (China - NW. Yunnan)- to N. Myanmar)
  • Pleione grandiflora (China (- S. Yunnan to NW. Vietnam)
  • Pleione yunnanensis (SC. China to N. Myanmar)

Himalaya endemic

Southern India, Sri Lanka endemic

South Asia through Himalaya through China, including Hainan

  • Agrostophyllum callosum (Nepal to Hainan)
  • Cypripedium cordigerum (N Pakistan to Himalaya, S Tibet)
  • Cypripedium elegans (E Nepal to China)
  • Cypripedium himalaicum (SE Tibet to Himalaya)
  • Cypripedium tibeticum (Sikkim to C China)
  • Paphiopedilum fairrieanum (E. Himalaya to Assam)
  • Paphiopedilum hirsutissimum (Assam to S. China)
  • Paphiopedilum parishii (Assam to China - W. YunNan)
  • Paphiopedilum villosum (Assam to S. China)
  • Pleione maculata (C. Himalaya to China - W. Yunnan)
  • Pleione praecox (WC. Himalaya to China - S. Yunnan)
  • Pleione saxicola (E. Bhutan to China - NW. Yunnan)
  • Pleione scopulorum (India - NE. Arunachal Pradesh to China - NW. Yunnan)

South Asia through Himalaya to Southeast Asia, possibly Pacific Islands

  • Acanthephippium bicolor (S. India, Sri Lanka, New Guinea)
  • Acanthephippium striatum (E. Himalaya to Java)
  • Acanthephippium sylhetense (Sikkim to Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum brevipes (E. Himalaya to Indo-China)
  • Agrostophyllum planicaule (Himalaya to Indo-China)
  • Arundina graminifolia (India, Nepal, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, South China to Indonesia and across the Pacific Islands)
  • Paphiopedilum hirsutissimum var. hirsutissimum (Assam to Myanmar)
  • Paphiopedilum spicerianum (Bhutan to NW. Myanmar)
  • Paphiopedilum villosum var. villosum (Assam to Thailand)
  • Pleione hookeriana (Nepal to China - SE. Yunnan to N. Guangdong- to Indo-China)
  • Pleione humilis (C. Himalaya to Myanmar)

Southeast Asia only

  • Acanthephippium gougahensis (Thailand, Vietnam)
  • Acanthephippium parviflorum (Vietnam, S. Sumatra to Java)
  • Agrostophyllum longifolium (Pen. Thailand to Malaysia)
  • Dendrochilum pallidiflavens (Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Islands)
    • Dendrochilum pallidiflavens var. pallidiflavens (Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Islands)
  • Paphiopedilum barbatum (Pen. Thailand to Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum callosum (Indo-China to NW. Pen. Malaysia)
    • Paphiopedilum callosum var. callosum (Indo-China)
    • Paphiopedilum callosum var. warnerianum (Pen. Thailand to NW. Pen. Malaysia)
  • Paphiopedilum dixlerianum (Myanmar)
  • Paphiopedilum gratrixianum (Laos to Viet Nam)
  • Paphiopedilum niveum (Pen. Thailand to N. Pen. Malaysia)
  • Paphiopedilum philippinense (Philippines to N. Borneo)
    • Paphiopedilum philippinense var. philippinense (Philippines to N. Borneo)
  • Paphiopedilum rhizomatosum (Myanmar)
    • Paphiopedilum villosum var. boxallii (Myanmar)

Continental Malaysia only

  • Agrostophyllum cyathiforme (W. Malaysia)
  • Agrostophyllum glumaceum (W. Malaysia)
  • Agrostophyllum javanicum (W. Malesia)
  • Agrostophyllum laxum (W. Malaysia)
  • Agrostophyllum stipulatum subsp. bicuspidatum (W. Malaysia)
  • Agrostophyllum tenue (W. Malaysia)
  • Dendrochilum carnosum (Malaysia)
  • Dendrochilum coccineum (Malaysia)
  • Dendrochilum gracile (Malaysia)
    • Dendrochilum gracile var. gracile (Malaysia)
  • Dendrochilum gramineum (Malaysia)
  • Paphiopedilum bullenianum (Malaysia)
  • Paphiopedilum bullenianum var. bullenianum (W. Malaysia)
  • Paphiopedilum lowii (W. & C. Malesia)
  • Paphiopedilum lowii var. lowii (W. & C. Malaysia)

Indonesia only, including whole of Borneo

  • Dendrochilum galeatum H.A.Pedersen 1995 publ. 1996 (Lesser Sunda Islands)
  • Paphiopedilum javanicum (Sumatra to Lesser Sunda Is.)
  • Paphiopedilum javanicum]] var. javanicum (Sumatra to Lesser Sunda Is.)
  • Paphiopedilum liemianum (N. Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum mastersianum (Lesser Sunda Is. to Maluku)
  • Paphiopedilum mastersianum var. mastersianum (Maluku - Ambon, Buru)
  • Paphiopedilum mastersianum var. mohrianum (Lesser Sunda Is. (Flores)

Borneo only

  • Acanthephippium curtisii (Sarawak)
  • Acanthephippium eburneum (Sarawak)
  • Acanthephippium lilacinum (N. Borneo)
  • Agrostophyllum arundinaceum (Borneo)
  • Agrostophyllum globigerum (N. Borneo)
  • Agrostophyllum indifferens ((Kalimantan)
  • Agrostophyllum laterale (Borneo)
  • Agrostophyllum saccatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum acuiferum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum alatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum alpinum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum angustilobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum angustipetalum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum anomalum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum auriculilobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum corrugatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum crassifolium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum crassilabium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum cruciforme (Borneo)
    • Dendrochilum cruciforme var. cruciforme (Borneo)
    • Dendrochilum cruciforme var. longicuspum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum cupulatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum devogelii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum dolichobrachium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum dulitense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum exasperatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum geesinkii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum gibbsiae (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum globigerum (Borneo)
    • Dendrochilum gracile var. bicornutum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum gracilipes (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum graminoides (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum grandiflorum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum gravenhorstii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum hamatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum haslamii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum haslamii var. haslamii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum haslamii var. quadrilobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum hastilobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum havilandii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum hologyne (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum hosei (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum imbricatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum imitator (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum flos-susannae (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum integrilabium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum jiewhoei (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum joclemensii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum johannis-winkleri (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum kamborangense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum kelabitense (Borneo)
    • Dendrochilum kingii var. tenuichilum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum lacinilobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum lacteum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum lancilabium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum lewisii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum longipes (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum longirachis (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum lumakuense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum magaense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum microscopicum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum minimiflorum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum mucronatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum muluense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum murudense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum ochrolabium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum oxylobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum pachyphyllum (Borneo)
    • Dendrochilum pallidiflavens var. brevilabratum (Borneo)
    • Dendrochilum pallidiflavens var. oblongum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum pandurichilum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum papillitepalum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum planiscapum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum pseudoscriptum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum pterogyne (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum pubescens (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum rufum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum saccatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum scriptum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum simplex (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum stachyodes (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum subintegrum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum sublobatum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum subulibrachium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum suratii (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum tenompokense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum tenompokense var. papillilabium (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum tenompokense var. tenompokense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum tenuitepalum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum transversum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum trilobum (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum trusmadiense (Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum vestitum (Borneo)
  • Paphiopedilum dayanum
    • Paphiopedilum hookerae var. volonteanum (Sabah)
  • Paphiopedilum hookerae
  • Paphiopedilum hookerae
    • Paphiopedilum hookerae var. hookerae (Sarawak, West Kalimantan)
    • Paphiopedilum hookerae var. volonteanum (Sabah)
    • Paphiopedilum javanicum]] var. virens (Sabah to N. Sarawak)
  • Paphiopedilum kolopakingii (C. Kalimantan)
  • Paphiopedilum lawrenceanum (Sarawak, Sabah)
    • Paphiopedilum lowii var. lynniae
  • Paphiopedilum ooii
  • Paphiopedilum rothschildianum (Mt. Kinabalu)
  • Paphiopedilum sanderianum (Gunung Mulu)
  • Paphiopedilum stonei (Borneo - Sarawak).
    • Paphiopedilum stonei var. platyphyllum (Sarawak)
    • Paphiopedilum stonei var. stonei (S. Sarawak)
  • Paphiopedilum sugiyamanum (Sabah)
  • Paphiopedilum supardii (SE. Kalimantan)

Java endemic

  • Agrostophyllum latilobum ( W. & C. Java)
  • Dendrochilum abbreviatum (Java)
  • Dendrochilum abbreviatum var. abbreviatum (Java)
  • Dendrochilum abbreviatum var. remiforme (Java)
  • Dendrochilum brachyotum (Java)
    • Dendrochilum edentulum var. edentulum (Java)
  • Dendrochilum oxyglossum (Java)
  • Dendrochilum spathaceum (Java)
  • Dendrochilum zollingeri (Java)
  • Paphiopedilum glaucophyllum (E. Java)
  • Paphiopedilum glaucophyllum var. glaucophyllum (E. Java)
  • Paphiopedilum glaucophyllum var. moquetteanum (SW. Java)

Sulawesi endemics, Malukus endemics, and species endemic to both

  • Agrostophyllum amboinense (Maluku - Ambon)
  • Agrostophyllum atrovirens (Maluku - Ambon)
  • Agrostophyllum simile (Sulawesi)
  • Agrostophyllum vanhulstijnii (Maluku)
  • Dendrochilum ambangense (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum celebesense (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum citrinum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum edentulum var. patentibracteatum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum erectilabium (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum eymae (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum heptaphyllum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum latibrachiatum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum longipedicellatum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum macropterum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum monodii (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum muriculatum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum simplicissimum (Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum tenuissimum (Sulawesi)
  • Paphiopedilum bullenianum var. celebesense (Sulawesi to Maluku)
  • Paphiopedilum gigantifolium (SC. Sulawesi)
  • Paphiopedilum intaniae (Sulawesi)
  • Paphiopedilum lowii var. richardianum (Sulawesi)
  • Paphiopedilum sangii (N. Sulawesi)
  • Paphiopedilum schoseri (Sulawesi to Maluku)

Sumatra only

  • Agrostophyllum djararatense (Sumatra)
  • Agrostophyllum globiceps (W. Sumatra)
  • Agrostophyllum lampongense (Sumatra)
  • Acanthephippium chrysoglossum (W. Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum acuminatum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum acuminatum var. acuminatum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum acuminatum var. laxum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum adpressibulbum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum alboviride (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum appendiculatum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum atjehense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum bandaharaense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum barbifrons (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum basale (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum beccarii (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum brevilabre (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum carinatum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum carnosulilabrum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum complectens (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum decipiens (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum dempoense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum dentiferum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum devoogdii (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum dewildeorum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum duplicibrachium (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum elegans (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum fimbrilobum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum fruticicola (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum fuscescens (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum galbanum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum glossorhynchum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum incurvibrachium (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum insectiferum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum kabense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum karoense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum korintjiense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum krauseanum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum lamellatum J.J.Sm. 1922 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum latilobum J.J.Sm. 1922 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum lepidum Ridl. 1923 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum leuserense J.J.Wood & J.B.Comber 1995 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum longibracteatum Pfitzer in H.G.A.Engler (ed.) 1907 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum longicaule J.J.Sm. 1922 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum megalanthum Schltr. 1912 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum merapiense Schltr. 1911 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum micholitzianum Kraenzl. 1893 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum micholitzianum var. longispicatum Schltr. 1911 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum micholitzianum var. micholitzianum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum microstylum Schltr. 1911 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum mirabile (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum ophiopogonoides J.J.Sm. 1922 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum ophiopogonoides var. kerintjiense J.J.Sm. 1932 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum ophiopogonoides var. merapiense J.J.Sm. 1922 (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum ophiopogonoides var. ophiopogonoides (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum ovatum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum panduratum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum papillosum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum pholidotoides (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum polluciferum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum quinquangulare (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum ramosissimum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum rhodobulbum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum rhombeum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum rigidifolium (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum rigidulum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum stellum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum stenochilum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum sulfureum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum sumatranum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum taeniophyllum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum talamauense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum teleense (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum truncatum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum tuberculatum (Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum primulinum (S. Aceh)
  • Dendrochilum ventricosum (Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum wichersii (Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum primulinum var. primulinum (S. Aceh)
  • Paphiopedilum primulinum var. purpurascens (S. Aceh)
  • Paphiopedilum superbiens (N. & W. Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum tonsum (N. & W. Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum victoria-mariae (W. Sumatra)
  • Paphiopedilum victoria-regina (W. Sumatra)

Species native to more than one of the following: Western Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, New Guinea, the Philippines and Taiwan

  • Acanthephippium javanicum (W. Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, New Guinea)
  • Acanthephippium splendidum (Sulawesi to SW. Pacific, New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum denbergeri (Sumatra to Java)
  • Agrostophyllum inocephalum (S. Taiwan to Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum mearnsii (N. Borneo to Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum sumatranum (W. Sumatra, Borneo)
  • Agrostophyllum trifidum (Sumatra, Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum angustifolium (Malaysia, Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum aurantiacum (Sumatra, Java)
  • Dendrochilum crassum (Malaysia, Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum cornutum (Java, Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum dewindtianum (Sumatra, Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum edentulum (Java, Sulawesi)
  • Dendrochilum exalatum (Sumatra, Java)
  • Dendrochilum glumaceum (Philippines, Borneo)
  • Dendrochilum kingii (Malaysia, Borneo to Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum kingii var. kingii (Malaysia, Borneo to Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum longifolium (Indonesia, Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea)
  • Dendrochilum linearifolium (Malaysia, Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum odoratum (Malaysia, Sumatra)
  • Dendrochilum simile (Sumatra, Java, Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Islands)
  • Dendrochilum uncatum' (Philippines, Taiwan)
    • Dendrochilum uncatum var. uncatum(Philippines, Taiwan)
  • Dendrochilum vaginatum J.J.Sm. 1904 (Sumatra, Java)

Philippines only

  • Acanthephippium mantinianum
  • Agrostophyllum elmeri (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum leytense (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum longivaginatum (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum luzonense (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum malindangense (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum merrillii (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum mindanense (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum philippinense (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum saccatilabium (Philippines)
  • Agrostophyllum wenzelii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum abortum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum affine (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum amesianum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum anfractum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum anfractum var. anfractoides (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum anfractum var. anfractum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum apiculatum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum apoense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum arachnites (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum asperum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum auriculare (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum binuangense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum cinnabarinum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum graciliscapum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum graminifolium (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum hastatum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum irigense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum javieriense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum latifolium (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum latifolium var. latifolium (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum latifolium var. macranthum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum longibulbum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum longilabre (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum loheri (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum louisianum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum luzonense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum macgregorii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum magnum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum maleolens (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum malindangense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum marginatum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum mearnsii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum merrillii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum microchilum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum mindanaense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum mindorense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum niveum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum ocellatum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum oliganthum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum oreophilum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum pangasinanense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum parvipapillatum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum parvulum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum parvulum var. parvulum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum parvulum var. strictiforme (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum perplexum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum perplexum var. montanum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum perplexum var. perplexum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum philippinense (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum philippinense var. philippinense (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum philippinense var. purpureum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum plocoglottoides (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum prodigiosum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum propinquum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum pulcherrimum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum pulogense (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum pumilum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum pumilum var. pumilum (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum pumilum var. recurvum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum quadrilobum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum quisumbingianum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum reniforme (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum rhombophorum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum rotundilabium (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum saccolabium (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum schweinfurthianum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum simulacrum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum smithianum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum stenophyllum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum tenellum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum tenuibulbum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum tenuifolium (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum tetradactyliferum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum turpe (Philippines)
    • Dendrochilum uncatum var. longispicatum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum unicallosum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum unicorne (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum warrenii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum wenzelii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum williamsii (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum woodianum (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum yuccifolium (Philippines)
  • Dendrochilum vanoverberghii (Philippines)
  • Paphiopedilum acmodontum
  • Paphiopedilum adductum
  • Paphiopedilum argus (Luzon)
  • Paphiopedilum ciliolare
  • Paphiopedilum fowliei (Palawan)
  • Paphiopedilum haynaldianum (Luzon, Negros)
  • Paphiopedilum hennisianum (C. Philippines)
    • Paphiopedilum philippinense var. roebelenii (Luzon)
  • Paphiopedilum randsii (N. Mindanao)
  • Paphiopedilum urbanianum (Mindoro)
  • Paphiopedilum usitanum

Thailand only

  • Dendrochilum viride (Thailand)
    • Paphiopedilum callosum var. potentianum
  • Paphiopedilum exul (Pen. Thailand)
  • Paphiopedilum godefroyae (Pen. Thailand)
  • Paphiopedilum sukhakulii (NE. Thailand)
  • Paphiopedilum thaianum
  • Paphiopedilum vejvarutianum (Kanchanaburi)

Vietnam only

  • Paphiopedilum delenatii (SE. Viet Nam)
  • Paphiopedilum helenae (N. Vietnam - Cao Bang Prov)
  • Paphiopedilum tranlienianum (Viet Nam).
    • Paphiopedilum tranlienianum f. alboviride (Viet Nam)
  • Paphiopedilum vietnamense (Viet Nam)
  • Pleione vietnamensis (SC. Vietnam)

Southeast Asia through New Guinea and Pacific Islands

  • Agrostophyllum elongatum (Malaysia to W. Pacific)
  • Agrostophyllum majus (Pen. Thailand to Vanuatu)
  • Agrostophyllum stipulatum (Indo-China, Malaysia to Solomon Is.)
  • Agrostophyllum parviflorum (Maluku to New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum stipulatum subsp. stipulatum (Indo-China, Malaysia to Solomon Is.)

Europe through Asia

New Guinea and adjacent islands only

  • Agrostophyllum acutum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum appendiculoides (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum bilobolabellatum (Papua New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum bimaculatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum brachiatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum brachiatum var. brachiatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum brachiatum var. latibrachiatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum compressum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum crassicaule (New Guinea, Bismarck Archipel)
  • Agrostophyllum crassicaule var. bismarckiense (Bismarck Arch.)
  • Agrostophyllum crassicaule var. crassicaule (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum cycloglossum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum cyclopense (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum dischorense (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum dolychophyllum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum earinoides (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum elatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum fibrosum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum finisterrae (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum fragrans (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum grandiflorum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum kaniense (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum lamellatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum macrocephalum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum montanum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum mucronatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum neoguinense (Papua New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum niveum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum papuanum (Papua New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum patentissimum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum pelorioides (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum potamophila (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum rigidifolium (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum sepikanum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum spicatum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum stenophyllum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum uniflorum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum ventricosum (New Guinea)
  • Agrostophyllum verruciferum (New Guinea)
  • Dendrochilum murrayi (New Guinea)
  • Paphiopedilum glanduliferum (NW. New Guinea)
  • Paphiopedilum papuanum (New Guinea)
  • Paphiopedilum violascens (N. & E. New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. - Manus I.)
  • Paphiopedilum wilhelminae (C. New Guinea)

New Guinea through Pacific Islands

  • Agrostophyllum curvilabre (New Guinea to Solomon Is.)
  • Agrostophyllum graminifolium (New Guinea to Vanuatu)
  • Agrostophyllum leucocephalum (New Guinea to SW. Pacific)
  • Agrostophyllum megalurum (New Guinea to W. Pacific)
  • Agrostophyllum paniculatum ( New Guinea to Solomon Is.)
  • Agrostophyllum superpositum (New Guinea to Solomon Is.)
  • Agrostophyllum torricellense (New Guinea to S. Vanuatu)

Pacific Islands endemic

  • Agrostophyllum aristatum (Fiji)
  • Agrostophyllum kusaiense (Caroline Is.)
  • Agrostophyllum palawense (Caroline Is. - Palau)
  • Earina aestivalis (New Zealand)
  • Earina autumnalis (New Zealand)
  • Earina mucronata (New Zealand)
  • Paphiopedilum bougainvilleanum (Solomon Islands)
    • Paphiopedilum bougainvilleanum var. bougainvilleanum (North Solomons)
    • Paphiopedilum bougainvilleanum var. saskianum (South Solomons)
  • Paphiopedilum wentworthianum (Solomon Is.)

North America only

Pacific Coast only

Canadian Prairies only

  • Cypripedium x herae (Manitoba, Canada)

Mexico endemics

  • Alamania punicea (Mexico)
  • Artorima erubescens (Mexico)
  • Burnsbaloghia diaphana (Mexico)
  • Cypripedium molle (Mexico)
  • Dithyridanthus densiflorus (Mexico)
  • Hintonella mexicana (Mexico)
  • Mexicoa ghiesbreghtiana (Mexico)
  • Papperitzia leiboldii (Mexico)
  • Pseudocranichis thysanochila (Mexico)

Mexico through Central and South America endemics

Central America and Caribbean Islands

  • Brassavola acaulis (C. America: Belize)
  • Brassavola subulifolia (Jamaica)
  • Brassavola gillettei (Trinidad)
  • Brassavola harrisii (Jamaica)
  • Cattleya dowiana (Costa Rica)
  • Phragmipedium popowii (Costa Rica to Panama)

Central America and Caribbean Islands through South America

  • Brassavola grandiflora (C. America to Colombia)
  • Cattleya aurea (S. Panama to Colombia)
  • Cattleya gaskelliana (Colombia to Trinidad)
  • Phragmipedium longifolium (Costa Rica to Ecuador)

Pantropical South America endemics

includes all tropical regions in South America:

  • Brassavola martiana (S. Trop. America)

Andes endemics

includes portions of countries along the Andean cordillera: Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Bolivia.

  • Cattleya iricolor (Ecuador to Peru)

Northern South America endemics

spans several of these entities: Venezuela, Guyana, French Guyana, and northern parts of Brazil, Peru, and Argentina.

  • Brassavola gardneri (French Guiana, Brazil)
  • Brassavola retusa (Venezuela, N. Brazil to Peru)
  • Brassavola tuberculata (Brazil to Peru and NE. Argentina)
  • Cattleya jenmanii (Venezuela to Guyana)
  • Cattleya lawrenceana (Venezuela, Guyana, N. Brazil)
  • Cattleya lueddemanniana (N. Venezuela)
  • Phragmipedium klotzschianum (SE. Venezuela to Guyana and N. Brazil)
  • Phragmipedium lindenii (Venezuela to Ecuador)
  • Phragmipedium lindleyanum (N. South America to Brazil - Pernambuco)
  • Phragmipedium tetzlaffianum (Venezuela)
  • Selenipedium steyermarkii (Brazil, Venezuela)

Southern South America endemics

spans several of these entities: southern Brazil, and the countries Paraguay and Uruguay.

  • Cattleya intermedia (SE. & S. Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay)
  • Cattleya loddigesii (SE. Brazil to NE. Argentina)
  • Cattleya loddigesii subsp. loddigesii (SE. Brazil to NE. Argentina)

Bolivia only

Brazil endemics

  • Brassavola duckeana (Brazil)
  • Brassavola fasciculata (Brazil)
  • Brassavola flagellaris (Brazil)
  • Brassavola fragans (Brazil)
  • Brassavola reginae (Brazil)
  • Brassavola revoluta (Brazil)
  • Brassavola rhomboglossa (WC. & S. Brazil)
  • Cattleya aclandiae (Brazil)
  • Cattleya amethystoglossa (Brazil)
  • Cattleya bicolor (SE. Brazil)
    • Cattleya bicolor subsp. bicolor (Brazil)
    • Cattleya bicolor subsp. canastrensis (Brazil)
    • Cattleya bicolor subsp. minasgeraiensis (Brazil)
  • Cattleya dormaniana (Brazil)
  • Cattleya elongata (Brazil)
  • Cattleya forbesii (Brazil)
  • Cattleya granulosa (Brazil)
  • Cattleya guttata (Brazil).
  • Cattleya harrisoniana (SE. Brazil).
  • Cattleya kerrii (Brazil).
  • Cattleya labiata (Brazil)
    • Cattleya loddigesii subsp. purpurea (Brazil)
  • Cattleya porphyroglossa (Brazil).
  • Cattleya schilleriana (Brazil).
  • Cattleya schofieldiana (Brazil)
  • Cattleya tenuis (NE. Brazil).
  • Cattleya tigrina (SE. & S. Brazil)
  • Cattleya velutina (Brazil)
  • Cattleya walkeriana (WC. & SE. Brazil)
  • Cattleya wallisii (N. Brazil)
  • Cattleya warneri (E. Brazil)
  • Phragmipedium brasiliense
  • Phragmipedium chapadense
  • Phragmipedium vittatum (WC. & SE. Brazil)
  • Selenipedium isabelianum
  • Selenipedium palmifolium
  • Selenipedium vanillocarpum

Colombia endemics

  • Brassavola filifolia (Colombia)
  • Cattleya candida (Colombia)
  • Cattleya mendelii (NE. Colombia)
  • Cattleya schroderae (NE. Colombia)
  • Cattleya trianae (Colombia)
  • Cattleya warscewiczii (Colombia)
  • Phragmipedium schlimii

Colombia through Ecuador

Ecuador only

  • Phragmipedium andreettae
  • Phragmipedium besseae var. dalessandroi (S. Ecuador)
  • Phragmipedium fischeri
  • Phragmipedium hirtzii (N. Ecuador)
  • Phragmipedium × roethianum
  • Selenipedium aequinoctiale

Ecuador through Peru

Peru endemics

  • Cattleya mooreana (Peru)
  • Phragmipedium boissierianum var. boissierianum
  • Phragmipedium kovachii (Peru – San Martin)
  • Phragmipedium richteri

Other South America endemics

spans several South American countries and does not fit in any of the above:

  • Cattleya luteola (N. Brazil, Ecuador to Bolivia)
  • Cattleya maxima (Venezuela to Peru)

Siberia only, or through Korea, Japan, and Alaska, or circumpolar

  • Calypso bulbosa (circumpolar)
  • Cypripedium × catherinae (Russian Far East)
  • Cypripedium guttatum (European Russia to Korea, Alaska to Yukon)
  • Cypripedium × ventricosum (Russia to Korea)
  • Cypripedium yatabeanum (Russian Far East to N & NC Japan, Aleutian Islands to SW Alaska)

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