Sag Harbor, New York
official_name = Sag Harbor, New York
settlement_type = Village
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Sag Harbor Street Scene
mapsize = 250x200px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Suffolk
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 6.4
area_land_km2 = 4.5
area_water_km2 = 1.9
area_total_sq_mi = 2.5
area_land_sq_mi = 1.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.7
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 2313
population_density_km2 = 519.4
population_density_sq_mi = 1345.1
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 8
elevation_ft = 26
latd = 40 |latm = 59 |lats = 48 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 17 |longs = 32 |longEW = W
The entire business district of the whaling port and writer's colony is listed as
Sag Harbor Village Districton the National Register of Historic Places.
Sag Harbor is about three fifths in Southampton and two fifths in East Hampton. The dividing line is Division Street which becomes Town Line Road just north of the village. Most of the defining landmarks of the village -- including its Main Street, the Whalers Church, Jermain Library, Whaling Museum, the Old Burying Ground, Oakland Cemetery, Mashashimuet Park, and Otter Pond are all in Southampton. However, almost all the Bay Street marina complex at the foot of Main Street is in East Hampton as are the village's high school, the
Sag Harbor State Golf Course, and the freed slave community of Eastville.
Sag Harbor was settled sometime between 1707 and 1730 (the first
Bill of ladingusing the name Sag Harbor was recorded in 1730). [cite web
title=History of Sag Harbor
year= |month= |format= |work=
publisher=Corner Bar 1 Main Street Sag Harbor New York 11963
pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ] Most accounts say it was named for neighboring
Sagaponack, New Yorkwhich at the time was called "Sagg." Sag Harbor's first spellings used the double "G." [cite web
title=Long Island History Room
year= |month= |format= |work=
publisher=John Jermain Memorial Library, Sag Harbor, NY
pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate=
quote=Please see image labeled Sagg Harbor 1840.]
The port supplanted the East Hampton community of Northwest which is about five miles east of Sag Harbor. International ships and the whaling industry had started in Northwest but its port was too shallow. The most valuable whale product was
whale oilwhich was used in lamps; thus it could be said that Sag Harbor was a major oil port.
By 1789 Sag Harbor had "had more tons of square-rigged vessels engaged in commerce than even
New York City." [cite news
title=Sag Harbor's Heyday -- Newsday.com
accessdate=2008-07-04] It had become an international port.
American Revolutionary War, American raiders under Return Jonathan Meigsattacked a British garrison on May 23, 1777, on a hill at what today is the Old Burying Ground next to the Whaler's Church, killing six and capturing 90 British soldiers in what was called Meigs Raid.
War of 1812, the British attacked the town on July 11, 1813 but were driven back.
The whaling industry in Sag Harbor peaked in the 1840s. Sag Harbor is mentioned in Chapters 12, 13, 57 and 83 of
title=Result for query "Harbor"
work=The Princeton Text Archive
publisher=The Educational Technologies Center,
Princeton University] including this passage:
:::Arrived at last in old Sag Harbor; and seeing what the sailors did there; and then going on to Nantucket, and seeing how they spent their wages in that place also, poor Queequeg gave it up for lost. Thought he, it's a wicked world in all meridians; I'll die a pagan. [cite book
coauthors= |editor= |others=
origmonth= |url= |format=
chapter=Chapter xii - BIOGRAPHICAL
Among the sea captains who died whaling from Sag Harbor was Charles Watson Payne, the great-great-great grandfather of
Howard Dean[cite web
title=Ancestry of Howard Dean
quote=born 6 Oct. 1808, killed 4 Jan. 1838 by a whale and buried at sea, m. Sag Harbor, Long Island, N. Y., 12 May 1833]
Relics of this period include the Old Whaler's Church which is a
PresbyterianChurch that sported a 168-foot high steeplewhich was claimed to be the tallest structure on Long Islandwhen it opened in 1843. [Push is on to rebuild church steeple - East Hampton Press by Oliver Peterson - June 13, 2007] The steeple collapsed during the Great Hurricane of 1938The Sag Harbor Whaling and Historical Museumnow shares the handsome, 1840 Greek Revivalbuilding designed by Minard Lafeverfor Wamponamon Lodge #437 Free & Accepted Masons. The Masonic Lodge is celebrating its 150th anniversary in 2008. The Architectureof both the Whaler's Church & the Masonic Temple are attributed to prominent 19th century American architect Minard LaFever. The broken mast monument in Oakland Cemetery is the most visible of several memorials to those who died at sea.
The whaling business collapsed after 1847 initially with the discovery of other methods to create
kerosenewith the first being coal oil. The discovery of petroleumin Titusville, Pennsylvaniain 1859 sealed the end. Many of the ships based in Sag Harbor were sailed to San Francisco, Californiawhere they were simply abandoned during the California Gold Rush. The last whaler -- the Myra -- sailed from Sag Harbor in 1871. [ [cite news
authorlink= |author= |coauthors=
title=Sag Harbor - A Port Bigger Than New York
format= |work= |publisher= |location= |id= |pages= |page=
quote=The business then declined rapidly as ships and crews were lured by the 1849 California gold rush and oil was discovered in Pennsylvania. The last Sag Harbor whaler was the Myra, which sailed in 1871 and wrecked three years later.] ]
sailorwho continued on other endeavors was Mercator Cooperwho sailed out of Sag Harbor on November 9, 1843 on the Manhattan (1843)on a voyage that would make him the first American to visit Tokyo Bay. Aboard the ship was Pyrrhus Concera former slavewho was the first black man the Japanese had seen.
Cooper's adventures were to continue on another voyage out of Sag Harbor when on January 26, 1853, sailing the
Levantbecame the first person to set foot on East Antarctica.
World War Ithe E.W. Bliss Company tested torpedoesin the harbor a half mile north of Sag Harbor. As part of the process, Long Wharf in Sag Harbor was reinforced with concreteand rail spurs built along the wharf as the torpedoes were loaded onto ships for testing. The torpedoes were shipped via the Long Island Rail Roadalong the Sag Harbor to the wharfwhich was owned by the railroad at the time. Among those observing the tests was Thomas Alva Edison. Most of the today's buildings on the wharf including the Bay Street Theatre were built during this time. The torpedoes which did not have live warheads are occasionally found by divers on the bay floor.
Various industries have operated in town, the last of which was the
BulovaWatchcase Factory, which closed in 1981.
Sag Harbor was also author
John Steinbeck's residence from 1955until his death in 1968.
The Sag Harbor-North Haven Bridge is notable as the site of Pop artist
Ray Johnson's presumed suicide in 1995as well as two abortive suicide attempts by monologist Spalding Gray, in September 2002and October 2003.
Sag Harbor is also the birthplace of the noted American
poet George Sterling.
New York Metsfirst baseman Keith Hernandezas well as current New England Patriotsquarterback Tom Bradyown estates here. Christie Brinkleyresides in Sag Harbor.
World-renound rock star,
Billy Joelis a constant figure in Sag Harbor. He owns a boathouse in the harbor area and is there daily, often seen on one of his three boats, or numerous motercycles.
Sag Harbor is located at coor dms|40|59|48|N|72|17|32|W|city (40.996603, -72.292190)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km²), of which, 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (30.36%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 2,313 people, 1,120 households, and 583 families residing in the village. The population densitywas 1,345.1 people per square mile (519.2/km²). There were 1,942 housing units at an average density of 1,129.4/sq mi (435.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 85.78% White, 7.44% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 2.72% from other races, and 2.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.31% of the population.
There were 1,120 households out of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.9% were non-families. 40.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the village the population was spread out with 16.5% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 24.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
median incomefor a household in the village was $52,275, and the median income for a family was $70,536. Males had a median income of $41,181 versus $34,750 for females. The per capita incomefor the village was $40,566. About 1.8% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.
*Dorothy Zaykowski, ``Sag Harbor -- The Story of an American Beauty"
* [http://www.sagharborny.gov Official village Web site]
* [http://www.sagharborschools.org Sag Harbor Union Free School District]
* [http://www.piersoncentennial.com Pierson Centennial 1907-2007 / Sag Harbor Schools Alumni]
* [http://www.stellamarisschool.org Stella Maris Regional School]
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