Walter George Brown
Walter George Brown (
September 6 1875– April 1 1940) was a Presbyterian Church in Canadaminister who opposed the formation of the United Church of Canadaand was a United Reform MovementMP in the Canadian House of Commons.
Born in Athelstan (now Hichinbrooke), Huntingdon County,
Quebecof Scots-Irish parents, Brown was educated at McGill Universitywhere he received a Honours B.A. Degree in 1899 and at The Presbyterian College, Montreal, where he graduated in 1902 with a B.D. degree, the Silver Medal, a $60.00 Theological Scholarship, and a prize ($10.00 in books) in public speaking. He also won other scholarships and prizes during his time at Presbyterian College. During his summers, he went into the newly-opened lumbering camps of Northern Ontario, serving first as a student missionary, was ordained on 30 September 1902as an Ordained Missionary to "Canada Atlantic Lumber Camps", from "Rainy Lake to Whitney" under the North Bay Presbytery. He remained in this post until July 1903, when he moved west to work amongst miners in the West Kootenay area of British Columbiaat Salmo, New Denver and Silverton, all in proximinty of Nelson.
While serving in ministry in British Columbia, he earned his M.A. degree from McGill, with a paper titled "History and Philosophy of Socialism", and was married to Martha Rowat of Athelstan, Quebec; her father, Andrew Rowat (1839-1918) served as minister at Elgin and Athelstan from 1884 - 1909; her mother, Margaret, was the daughter of Donald MacKenziepioneer minister in Zorra Township,
Oxford County, Ontario.
After leaving the Kootenays to study in Montreal and at the
United Free Church of ScotlandCollege in Glasgow, he was called and inducted in March 1908, as minister of Knox Presbyterian Church in Red Deer, Alberta, and would remain there until 1925. He also served as convenor of Home Missions for the Red Deer Presbytery supervising three congregations and fifteen missions. He served as Moderatorof the Synod of Alberta in 1915.
He had opposed the first attempt to merge the
Presbyterian, Methodistand Congregational Churches of Canada in 1904 saying "I cannot recall one moment when I ever doubted that it was our duty to maintain the Presbyterian Church in Canada in the interests of truth, sound church government, spiritual freedom and national righteousness."
He favoured a federation over a total church union. This was highlighted in his 1911 "Alberta Plan", that critiqued the "Union Churches" then being created primarily in Saskatchewan. In 1923, he went on a six-week speaking tour of Eastern Canada for the anti-church union Presbyterian Church Association and became known as "Brown of Red Deer". When the final vote on union was held during late 1924 and early 1925, Brown's Red Deer Presbytery was the sole presbytery in the PCC with a majority vote against Church Union.
Nationally, some 30% of Presbyterians opposed this union and reorganized themselves as the "Continuing Presbyterians", until they were legally permitted to resume using the name "Presbyterian Church in Canada" in 1939. With regard to the name"continuing Presbyterians", Brown was quoted during his fight for the preservation of the Presbyterian Church by reciting a Scots challenge:
"They may rob us of name, they may hunt us with beagles,"
"Give our roofs to the flame and our flesh to the eagles..."
"While there are leaves on the forest or foam on the river,"
"MacGregor despite them shall flourish forever! "
(Neil G. Smith, "A Short History of the Presbyterian Church in Canada", pp 85)
At the 1925 General Assembly, Brown was one of 79 Commissioners who refused to join the United Church, and met in a corner of Toronto's
College Street United Churchat the conclusion on June 9in order to resume business later that night at nearby Knox Presbyterian Church and legally claim their continuity.
Brown left Red Deer later that year to oversee the re-organization of some Presbyterians in
Saskatoon, Saskatchewanthat had voted against joining the United Church. St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Saskatoonwas formed under his pastoral leadership, and remains the largest PCC congegation within the province.
In June 1931, he was elected Moderator of the Presbyterian General Assembly, and during his Moderatorial year, travelled to Asia, and visited
Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and the Manchuria portion of China.
He remained in
Saskatchewanthroughout the Dust Bowldrought years of the Great Depressionand, late in the decade, organized the left-wing United Reform Movementas a political party calling for relief.
Brown was first elected as the
Member of Parliamentfor Saskatoonin a December 1939 by-election, spent one day in Parliament before dissolution, was re-elected two months later in the 1940 general election, but died of complications from a heart attack, a few days after his victory. He was not able to travel from Ottawa to his riding to campaign. Agnes MacPhail, who introduced Brown to the floor of the House of Commons on 25 January 1940, was eventually recruited by the URM to succeed him, but she was defeated in the subsequent by-election later that year.
Reverend Walter George Brown is one of the few Moderators of the Presbyterian Church who was or is not a Reverend Doctor; he refused to accept Honorary Doctorates from his Alma Mater, nor Toronto's Knox College. His funeral took place in Ottawa, and is buried at the Athelstan Presbyterian Cemetery.
* "Brown of Red Deer", by Allan L. Farris, pp 146-148, from; Growth -- A History and Anthology of the Synod of Alberta of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, 1968. Editor, R.J. Burton.
* Neil G. Smith, "1925 and After", pp 85, from:A Short History of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, 1968. Allan L. Farris, J. Keith Markell, and Neil G. Smith, editors.
* J. Keith Markell, "A History of the Presbyterian College, Montreal". 1986.
* Acts and Proceedings of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, Reports: Presbyterian College, Montreal (1899-1903),Home Missions Reports (1901-1906)Obituary Notice, 1940.
* Canadian Press Release, April 2, 1940:"TWICE ELECTED M.P., SITS 4 HOURS, DIES; Rev. W.G. Brown, Saskatoon, Wins 2 Campaigns, Attended One Session"
* [http://www.albertasource.ca/aspenland/eng/society/article_brown_red_deer.html Brown of Red Deer]
Member of Parliamentfor Saskatoon City
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Walter A. Brown — (* 10. Februar 1905 in Boston, Massachusetts; † 7. September 1964) war ein US amerikanischer Sportfunktionär und Eishockeytrainer. Sein Vater George V. Brown war ebenfalls Sportfunktionär. Karriere Walter A. Brown gewann als Eishockeytrainer fünf … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walter A. Brown — (February 10, 1905 – September 7, 1964) was the original owner of the Boston Celtics as well as an important figure in the development of ice hockey in the United States.LifeHe was born in Hopkinton, Massachusetts and attended Boston Latin from… … Wikipedia
Walter Creighton Brown — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brown. Walter Creighton Brown, né en 1913 à Butte (Montana États Unis), mort le 15 juillet 2002 à Murphys, est un herpétologiste américain. Bibliographie A new frog of the genus Platymantis from the… … Wikipédia en Français
George Brown (soccer) — Infobox Football biography playername= George Brown fullname = George Brown nickname = dateofbirth = birth date and age|1935|8|19 cityofbirth = Ealing countryofbirth = England height = height|ft=5|in=4 currentclub = clubnumber = position =… … Wikipedia
Walter George Mitchell — W. G. Mitchell Walter George Mitchell (1877 1935) est un homme politique québécois qui a été trésorier provincial (ministre des Finances) dans le gouvernement Gouin puis député libéral à la Chambre des communes du Canada … Wikipédia en Français
Walter Brown — may refer to:*Jumbo Brown, born Walter George Brown, baseball player *Walt Brown, former Socialist Party USA presidential candidate *Walt Brown (auto racer), American racecar driver *Walt Brown (creationist), lecturer on creationism *Walter A.… … Wikipedia
Brown (Familienname) — Brown ist ein englischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name ist die englische Entsprechung des deutschen Namens Braun. Varianten Browne, Broun Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G … Deutsch Wikipedia
George V. Brown — (21 October 1880 – 17 October 1937) of Hopkinton, Massachusetts championed the development of various sports and sporting events in the United States, most notably the Boston Marathon and amateur ice hockey.From 1904 to 1936, Brown served the… … Wikipedia
George Bruce Cortelyou — (1862–1940) George Bruce Cortelyou (* 26. Juli 1862 in New York City; † 23. Oktober 1940 auf Long Island, New York) war ein US amerikanischer republikanischer Politik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walter Franklin George — (* 29. Januar 1878 nahe Preston, Georgia; † 4. August 1957 in Vienna, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt, Richter, Politiker und vertrat den Bundesstaat Georgia im Senat der Vereinigten Staaten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühen Jahre 2… … Deutsch Wikipedia