Cabriolet (carriage)

A cabriolet is a light, two-wheeled carriage drawn by a single horse, with a folding hood, seating two people facing forward, one of whom is the driver. [ [http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-cabriolet.htm What is a Cabriolet?] wiseGEEK.] It has a large rigid apron, gracefully upward-curving shafts, and usually a rear platform between the C springs for a groom. The design was developed in France in the early nineteenth century and quickly replaced the heavier hackney carriage as the vehicle for hire of choice in Paris and London.

The "cab" of taxi-cab or "hansom cab" is a shortening of "cabriolet". Other types of horse-drawn cab include:

*" Araba" or "aroba": used in Turkey and neighboring countries
*"Araña": Mexican, two-wheeled
*"Bounder": four-wheeled
*"Gharry" or "gharri": used especially in India
*"Minibus": light carriage, usually with a rear door and seats for four passengers; formerly used as a cab
*"Two-wheeler": two-wheeled cab or hansom

One who drives a horse-drawn cab for hire is called a "cabdriver" [ [http://www.bartleby.com/61/32/C0003200.html Cabdriver. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.] ] or "jehu". [ [http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/jehu Jehu - Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary] ] A "cab horse" or "cabber" is used for drawing a cab.

ee also

*Cabriolet (automobile)

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cabriolet — Cab ri*o*let , n. [F., dim. of cabriole a leap, caper, from It. capriola, fr. dim. of L. caper he goat, capra she goat. This carriage is so called from its skipping lightness. Cf. {Cab}, {Caper} a leap.] A one horse carriage with two seats and a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cabriolet — ► NOUN 1) a car with a roof that folds down. 2) a light two wheeled carriage with a hood, drawn by one horse. ORIGIN French, from cabriole light leap ; so named because of the carriage s motion …   English terms dictionary

  • cabriolet — [kab΄rē ə lā′] n. [Fr, dim. of cabriole, a leap, caper < It capriola, CAPRIOLE] 1. a light two wheeled carriage, usually with a hood that folds, drawn by one horse 2. a former style of automobile like a convertible coupe …   English World dictionary

  • Carriage — A carriage is a wheeled vehicle for people, usually horse drawn. It is especially designed for private passenger use and for comfort or elegance, though some are also used to transport goods. It may be light, smart and fast or heavy, large and… …   Wikipedia

  • cabriolet — /kab ree euh lay /, n. 1. a light, two wheeled, one horse carriage with a folding top, capable of seating two persons. 2. an automobile resembling a coupe but with a folding top. [1760 70; < F: lit., little caper; so called from its light… …   Universalium

  • carriage — /kar ij/; for 9 also /kar ee ij/, n. 1. a wheeled vehicle for conveying persons, as one drawn by horses and designed for comfort and elegance. 2. See baby carriage. 3. Brit. a railway passenger coach. 4. a wheeled support, as for a cannon. 5. a… …   Universalium

  • cabriolet — cab|ri|o|let [ˈkæbriəleı US ˌkæbriəˈleı] n BrE [Date: 1900 2000; Origin: cabriolet type of carriage pulled by a horse (18 20 centuries), from French, from cabriole jump ; because of the way the carriage moved along] a car with a roof that can be… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • carriage — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. bearing, mien, behavior, conduct, front; wagon, cart, stage[coach], coach, equipage. See appearance, vehicle, transportation. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [The manner of carrying the body] Syn. bearing,… …   English dictionary for students

  • cabriolet —    (kah bree oh LAY) [French: a leap; caper] A two wheeled, doorless, one horse carriage with a folding top, with space for two passengers, popular in the 18th century. Later the word was shortened to “cab” and used to designate any carriage for… …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

  • cabriolet — [ kabrɪə(ʊ)leɪ] noun 1》 a car with a roof that folds down. 2》 a light two wheeled carriage with a hood, drawn by one horse. Origin C18: from Fr., from cabriole (see cabriole); so named because of the carriage s motion …   English new terms dictionary


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