Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover


Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover

Infobox Hanoverian Royalty|highness
name = Ernest Augustus IV
title = Prince of Hanover
Hereditary Duke of Brunswick
predecessor = Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
successor = Ernst August V, Prince of Hanover
succession = Head of the House of Hanover
reign = 30 January 19539 December 1987
spouse = Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1951–1980) Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach (1981–)
issue = Marie, Countess of Hochberg
Ernest Augustus V
Prince Louis Rudolph
Princess Olga
Alexandra, Princess of Leiningen
Prince Henry Julius
full name = Ernest Augustus George William Christian Louis Francis Joseph Nicholas Oscar
" _de. Ernst August Georg Wilhelm Christian Ludwig Franz Joseph Nikolaus Oskar"
titles = "HRH" The Prince of Hanover
"HRH" The Hereditary Duke of Brunswick
royal house = House of Hanover
father = Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
mother = Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia
date of birth = birth date|1914|3|18|df=yes
place of birth = Brunswick, Brunswick, Germany
date of death = death date and age|1987|12|9|1914|3|18|df=yes
place of death = Schulenburg, Pattensen, Lower Saxony, Germany|

Ernst August, Prince of Hanover, Hereditary Duke of Brunswick ( _de. Ernst August Prinz von Hannover) (18 March 1914, Brunswick, Brunswick, Germany9 December 1987, Schulenburg, Pattensen, Lower Saxony, Germany) was the eldest son of Ernest Augustus III, Duke of Brunswick and Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, the daughter of his third cousin. Therefore, they were third cousins, once removed. From his birth, he was the Hereditary Duke of Brunswick ( _de. Ernst August, Erbherzog von Braunschweig).

Life

His christening in the summer of 1914, was the last great gathering of European monarchs before the start of World War I. He had an illustrious list of godparents, including German Emperor and Empress, his maternal grandparents; Duke and Duchess of Cumberland, his paternal grandpaernts; George V of the United Kingdom, Franz Joseph of Austria, Nicholas II of Russia, Ludwig III of Bavaria, Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince Adalbert of Prussia, Prince Oskar of Prussia, Prince Maximilian of Baden and The 1st Royal Bavarian Heavy Cavalry Regiment.

He lost his titles when his father abdicated in 1918 when he was 4 years old. After his father's death in 1953, he became head of the House of Hanover. He was usually styled "His Royal Highness The Prince of Hanover" and sometimes as "Ernest Augustus IV".

In addition to being a German, he also held British nationality, after successfully claiming it under the Sophia Naturalization Act 1705 in the case of "Attorney-General -v- HRH Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover [1957] 1 All ER 49". He was also heir to the British title of Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917.

Marriage and children

Ernest Augustus married for the first time in 1951, Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1925–80), and had issue. He married again in 1981, Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach (born 1929).

His children by his first wife are:

*Princess "Marie" Viktoria Luise Hertha Friederike of Hanover (1952– ), married Count Michael of Hochberg and had issue
*"Ernst August" V Albert Paul Otto Rupprecht Oskar Berthold Friedrich-Ferdinand Christian Ludwig, Prince of Hanover (1954– ), married first Chantal Hochuli and had issue, married second Princess Caroline of Monaco and had issue
*Prince "Ludwig Rudolph" Georg Wilhelm Philipp Friedrich Wolrad Maximilian of Hanover (1955–88), married Countess Isabelle of Thurn and Valsassina-Como-Vercelli (1962–88) with whom he had one son. Ludwig committed suicide shortly after discovering the body of his wife, who had died of a drug overdose.
*Princess "Olga" Sophie Charlotte Anna of Hanover (1958– )
*Princess "Alexandra" Irene Margaretha Elisabeth Bathildis of Hanover (1959– ), married Andreas, 8th Prince of Leiningen and had issue
*Prince "Heinrich Julius" Christian Otto Friedrich Franz Anton Günther of Hanover (1961– ), married Thyra von Westernhagen and had issue (including a son, Albert, born on the 138th anniversary of the death of his ancestor, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Ancestry

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boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
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boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1=1. Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover
2=2. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
3=3. Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia
4=4. Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
5=5. Princess Thyra of Denmark
6=6. William II, German Emperor
7=7. Princess Auguste Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
8=8. George V of Hanover
9=9. Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
10=10. Christian IX of Denmark
11=11. Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel)
12=12. Frederick III, German Emperor
13=13. Victoria, Princess Royal
14=14. Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
15=15. Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
16=16. Ernest Augustus I of Hanover
17=17. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
18=18. Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
19=19. Amelia of Württemberg
20=20. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
21=21. Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel)
22=22. Prince William of Hesse
23=23. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
24=24. Wilhelm I, German Emperor
25=25. Augusta of Saxe-Weimar
26=26. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
27=27. Victoria of the United Kingdom
28=28. Christian, Duke of August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
29=29. Countess Lovisa-Sophie Danneskjold-Samsøe
30=30. Ernst, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
31=31. Princess Feodora of Leiningen

External links

* [http://www.welfen.de Official website of the House of Hanover (in German only)]
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