14th Street Northwest and Southwest (Washington, D.C.)


14th Street Northwest and Southwest (Washington, D.C.)

Fourteenth Street is a street in Northwest and Southwest Washington, D.C., located 1¼ mi. (2 km) west of the U.S. Capitol. It runs from the 14th Street Bridge north to Eastern Avenue.

Northbound U.S. Route 1 runs along 14th Street from the bridge to Constitution Avenue, where it turns east with US 50. US 1 southbound previously used 15th Street NW due to the ban on left turns from westbound Constitution Avenue to 14th Street, but it now uses the Ninth Street Tunnel, five blocks to the east. 14th Street crosses the National Mall and runs near the White House and through the western side of Washington's Logan Circle neighborhood.

Because it connects to one of the main bridges crossing the Potomac River into Virginia, 14th Street has always been a major transportation corridor. It was the location of one of the first streetcar lines, and today it is the location of several afternoon carpooling "slug lines", which allow commuters may meet the high-occupancy vehicle requirements of the Henry G. Shirley Memorial Highway.

History

Infobox nrhp
name = Greater Fourteenth Street Historic District
nrhp_type = hd


caption =
location =Roughly bounded by S, 12th, N and 15th Sts., NW.
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added = November 9, 1994
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refnum =94000992
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In the middle of the 20th century, 14th Street NW was home to many car dealerships and was known as "auto row".Fact|date=July 2008 The area surrounding 14th and U Streets is often thought of as Washington's "Harlem", and the police once considered this section of the city to be the most volatile of the "negro districts". [cite web |url=http://www.carolmoore.net/sfm/dc-riots1968.html |title= D.C. Riots of 1968 |publisher=CarolMoore.net |accessdate=2008-06-15] During the 1960s, the street was the location of several race riots, most notably in 1968 after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. [cite news |title=D.C.'s 14th Street, once shunned, is the new hot spot |url=http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/bal-li.trips01apr01,0,4361180.story?coll=bal-live-headlines |work=Baltimore Sun |first=Annie |last=Linskey |date= April 1, 2004 ]

In the 1980s, 14th Street became known primarily for its red-light district, located roughly between New York Avenue and K Street. However, rising land values eventually pushed out the adult businesses. The Source Theatre, founded by Bart Whiteman, was given some credit for the area's revival. Whiteman stood outside the theater to escort people inside in order to make them feel safer. [cite news |title=Source Theatre Founder Bart Whiteman |url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/23/AR2006032302093.html |first=Yvonne Shinhoster |last=Lamb |work=Washington Post |page=B06 |date=March 24, 2006]

With the gentrification of the neighborhoods through which it passes – particularly downtown, Logan Circle, the U Street Corridor, and Columbia Heights – 14th Street is now known for live theater, art galleries, and trendy restaurants. Moreover, while the nominal center of the city's gay life is still Dupont Circle, the "Washington Blade" called 14th Street between U Street and Massachusetts Avenue (Thomas Circle) the best place to see and be seen. [ [http://www.washblade.com/2005/10-7/locallife/bestof/community.cfm Best of Gay DC: Community] , "The Washington Blade," October 7, 2005]

Landmarks

*The Black Cat
*Columbia Heights Metro station
*Freedom Plaza
*John A. Wilson Building
*National Aquarium
*National Press Building
*Oscar Straus Memorial
*Pershing Park
*Ronald Reagan Building
*Thomas Circle
*Tivoli Theatre
*United States Department of Commerce
*United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
*Walter Reed Army Medical Center
*Willard InterContinental Washington

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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