Naval trawler

Armed trawler HNoMS Honningsvåg off Iceland.

A naval trawler is a vessel built along the lines of a fishing trawler but fitted out for naval purposes. Naval trawlers were widely used during the First and Second world wars. Fishing trawlers were particularly suited for many naval requirements because they were robust boats designed to work heavy trawls in all types of weather and had large clear working decks. One could create a mine sweeper simply by replacing the trawl with a mine sweep. Adding depth charge racks on the deck, ASDIC below, and a 3-inch (76-mm) or 4-inch (102-mm) gun in the bows equipped the trawler for anti-submarine duties.

Contents

History

A naval trawler's gun crew mans a 12-pounder (76-mm) Mk V gun on the forecastle.

Armed trawlers were also used to defend fishing groups from enemy aircraft or submarines. The smallest civilian trawlers were converted to danlayers.

The naval trawler is a concept for expeditiously converting a nation's fishing boats and fishermen to military assets. England used trawlers to maintain control of seaward approaches to major harbors. No one knew these waters as well as local fishermen, and the trawler was the ship type these fishermen understood and could operate effectively without further instruction. The Royal Navy maintained a small inventory of trawlers in peacetime, but requisitioned much larger numbers of civilian trawlers in wartime. The larger and newer trawlers and whalers were converted for antisubmarine use and the older and smaller trawlers were converted to minesweepers

—uboat.net, [1]

The Royal Navy ordered many naval trawlers to Admiralty specifications. Shipyards such as Smiths Dock Company that were used to building fishing trawlers could easily switch to constructing naval versions. As a bonus, the Admiralty could sell these trawlers to commercial fishing interests when the wars ended. Still, many were sunk during the war, such as HMT Amethyst and HMT Force.

In 1940, Lieutenant Richard Stannard was in command of the naval trawler HMT Arab when he won the Victoria Cross for his actions from 28 April to 2 May 1940 at Namsos, Norway. HMT Arab survived 31 bombing attacks in five days.

The German Navy operated trawlers as Weather ships. The Lauenburg was an example.

Modern day

Soviet intelligence ships shadowing United States Navy vessels involved in the search for KAL 007 in 1983.

Some nations still use armed trawlers today for fisheries protection and patrol. North Korea has been notoriously known for its use of armed trawlers as spy ships. The Battle of Amami-Ōshima was an incident in which the Japanese sank a North Korean naval trawler after a six hour battle. Somali pirates have also commandeered trawlers and armed them for attacking freighters off of the Horn of Africa. The Action of 18 March 2006 is one example of pirate use of a naval trawler. The pirates used naval trawlers again at the Action of 30 March 2010 and the Action of 1 April 2010. One naval trawler was sunk and another was captured by the Seychelles Coast Guard and a U.S. Navy frigate.[2]

Trawler classes

See also

Notes

Reading

  • Lund, Paul and Ludlam, Harry (1971) The Trawlers go to War ISBN 978-0572007683
  • Lund, Paul and Ludlam, Harry (1978) Out Sweeps! - The Story of the Minesweepers in World War II. New English Library Ltd ISBN 9780450044687
  • McKee, Alexander (1973) The Coal-Scuttle Brigade : The splendid, dramatic story of the Channel convoys. New English Library ASIN B000RTAX2Y

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Castle class naval trawler — The Castle class minesweeper was a highly sea worthy naval trawler adapted for minesweeping and built to Admiralty specifications. Altogether about 200 were built between 1916 and 1919.The Castle class originated with the commercial trawler… …   Wikipedia

  • Trawler — may refer to:Boats* Commercial trawler, used for commercial fishing * Naval trawler, a converted trawler, or a boat built in that style, used for naval purposes * Recreational trawler, a pleasure boat boat built trawler styleBooks* A book by… …   Wikipedia

  • Naval warfare — Sea power redirects here. For the magazine, see Seapower. The French (left) and British (right) lines at the Battle of Chesapeake Warfare …   Wikipedia

  • Naval drifter — British drifters sailing from their base in the Adriatic to the Otranto Barrage A naval drifter is a boat built along the lines of a commercial fishing drifter but fitted out for naval purposes. The use of naval drifters is paralleled by the use… …   Wikipedia

  • Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign — Part of Gallipoli Campaign in the First World War Th …   Wikipedia

  • Fishing trawler — For other types of trawlers, see Trawler (disambiguation). The Irish RSW tank trawler Brendelen[1] in Skagen harbour A fishing trawler (also called a dragger) is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls. Traw …   Wikipedia

  • Commercial trawler — A commercial trawler is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls. TrawlingTrawling is a method of fishing that involves actively pulling a trawl through the water behind one or more trawlers. Trawls are fishing nets that are …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Naval Patrol Service — The Royal Naval Patrol Service (RNPS) was a branch of the Royal Navy active during the Second World War. The RNPS operated many small auxiliary vessels such as naval trawlers for anti submarine and minesweeping operations to protect coastal… …   Wikipedia

  • Shakespearian class trawler — The Shakespearian class were anti submarine naval trawlers which served in Royal Navy. Ships in this class had a displacement of 545 tons, a top speed of 12 knots, a crew of 40 men, and armament of 1x12 pdr AA gun 3x20mm Oerlikon AA guns and 30… …   Wikipedia

  • Recreational trawler — For the fishing boat, see fishing trawler. Kadey Krogen 42 cruising trawler Recreational trawlers are pleasure boats which resemble fishing trawlers. They can also be called cruising trawlers or trawler yachts. Within the category, however, are… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.