Cyrtopodium cristatum inflorescence with a caterpillar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
Subtribe: Cyrtopodiinae (disputed)
Alliance: Cyrtopodium
Genus: Cyrtopodium

About 45, see text


Tylochilus Nees

Cyrtopodium, often abbreviated Cyrt in horticulture, is a genus of more than 40 species of epiphytic and terrestrial orchids found from Florida and Mexico through Argentina. They appear to form a distinct lineage in the tribe Cymbidieae together with their relatives Galeandra and Grobya; this group forms the Cyrtopodium alliance, either placed in the subtribe Catasetinae or separated as subtribe Cyrtopodiinae.

The type species is C. andersonii, originally described in 1812 by A.B. Lambert as Cymbidium andersonii, and in 1813 used by Robert Brown to erect his new genus Cyrtopodium.

List of species

Fruiting stand of Cyrtopodium andersonii
  • Cyrtopodium aliciae L.Linden & Rolfe
  • Cyrtopodium andersonii (Lamb. ex Andrews) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton
  • Cyrtopodium blanchetii Rchb.f.
  • Cyrtopodium braemii L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium brandonianum Barb.Rodr.
  • Cyrtopodium brunneum J.A.N.Bat. & Bianch.
  • Cyrtopodium cachimboense L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium caiapoense L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium cipoense L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium confusum L.C.Menezes, 2008
  • Cyrtopodium cristatum Lindl.
  • Cyrtopodium dusenii Schltr.
  • Cyrtopodium eugenii Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium flavum (Nees) Link & Otto ex Rchb.
  • Cyrtopodium fowliei L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium gigas (Vell.) Hoehne
  • Cyrtopodium glutiniferum Raddi
  • Cyrtopodium graniticum G.A.Romero & Carnevali
  • Cyrtopodium hatschbachii Pabst
  • Cyrtopodium holstii L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium × intermedium Brade (C. gigas × C. glutiniferum)
  • Cyrtopodium josephense Barb.Rodr.
  • Cyrtopodium kleinii J.A.N.Bat. & Bianch.
  • Cyrtopodium lamellaticallosum J.A.N.Bat. & Bianch.
  • Cyrtopodium latifolium Bianch. & J.A.N.Bat.
  • Cyrtopodium linearifolium J.A.N.Bat. & Bianch.
  • Cyrtopodium lissochiloides Hoehne & Schltr.
  • Cyrtopodium longibulbosum Dodson & G.A.Romero
  • Cyrtopodium macedoi J.A.N.Bat. & Bianch.
  • Cyrtopodium macrobulbum (Lex.) G.A.Romero & Carnevali
  • Cyrtopodium minutum L.C.Menezes
  • Cyrtopodium naiguatae Schltr.
  • Cyrtopodium pallidum Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium palmifrons Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium paludicola Hoehne
  • Cyrtopodium paniculatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Garay
  • Cyrtopodium parviflorum Lindl.
  • Cyrtopodium pflanzii Schltr.
  • Cyrtopodium poecilum Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium punctatum (L.) Lindl.
  • Cyrtopodium saintlegerianum Rchb.f.
  • Cyrtopodium schargellii G.A.Romero, Aymard & Carnevali
  • Cyrtopodium triste Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium vernum Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium virescens Rchb.f. & Warm. in H.G.Reichenbach
  • Cyrtopodium willmorei Knowles & Westc.
  • Cyrtopodium witeckii L.C.Menezes, 2009
  • Cyrtopodium withneri L.C.Menezes