Jean-Joseph Mouret


Jean-Joseph Mouret

Jean-Joseph Mouret (April 11, 1682, Avignon - December 22, 1738, Charenton-le-Pont) was a French composer whose dramatic works made him one of the leading exponents of Baroque music in his country. Even though most of his works are no longer performed, Mouret's name survives today thanks to the popularity of the Fanfare-Rondeau from his first "Suite de Symphonies", which has been adopted as the signature tune of the PBS program "Masterpiece".

Life

Mouret's father was a prosperous silk merchant of Avignon, an amateur violinist who recognized his son's precocious musical abilities and provided him with a fine education. The elder Mouret generously supported his son's decision to pursue a musical career. As a youth, Mouret proved himself a talented singer while also earning success for his compositions.

Around the age of twenty-five, Mouret settled in Paris. News of his arrival did not take long to spread and he was introduced to Anne, Duchess of Maine, whose salon at Sceaux was a center of courtly society in the declining years of Louis XIV. His genial character strongly assisted him in securing the patronage of the Duchess, who made him her "Surintendant de la musique" at Sceaux about 1708. At Sceaux he produced operas and was in charge of the sixteen bi-weekly "Grandes Nuits" in the season of 1714–1715, for which he produced "interimèdes" and allegorical cantatas in the court masque tradition, and other music, in the company of the most favoured musicians, for the most select audience in France. Mouret thus launched his adult career under highly favorable auspices.

At court Mouret maintained a post as singer, and directed the grand divertissements offered by the Regent, the duc d'Orléans at his château of Villers-Cotterêts on the occasion of Louis XV's coming-of-age, 1722.

In Paris he collaborated with the Académie Royale de Musique. He directed the orchestra of the Paris Opéra (1714–18), composed music and directed the Nouveau Théâtre Italien du Palais-Royal (1717–37)— for which he composed divertissements that accompanied, for example, the tender comedies of Marivaux, and which, printed, fill six volumes. Concurrently, he was director of the concert series established by the orchestra of the Opéra, the Concerts Spirituel (1728–34), positions which provided a public outlet for his own music and which permitted him to live in affluence. Mouret married and had one daughter. However, his later years were overshadowed by financial and social disappointments. Sinking into poverty, Mouret died in a charitable asylum run by the Roman Catholic Church in Charenton-le-Pont.

Works

Mouret composed mainly for the stage. He contributed to the emergence of the distinctively French genres of lyric tragedy and opera-ballet but his jealousy of the rising star of Jean-Philippe Rameau led to the bitterness and madness in which he ended his days:
* "Les fêtes de Thalie" opera-ballet for the Paris Opéra, (1714)
* "Le mariage de Ragonde et de Colin" for Sceaux, (1714) (1742 version: "Les amours de Ragonde")
* "Ariane et Thésée" (1717)
* "Pirithoüs" Paris Opéra, (1723)
* "Les Amours des dieux" Paris Opéra, (1727), [http://www.library.unt.edu/music/virtual/Mouret_Amours/Mouret1727.pdf score]
* "Les grâces héroïques" (1733)
* "Le triomphe des sens" (1732)
* "Le temple de Gnide" Paris Opéra (1741).

Mouret also wrote airs, divertissements, cantatilles, motets, and instrumental works (sonatas, fanfares). Among his other compositions, the two "Suites de Symphonies" (1729) deserve special mention. The First Suite, renowned for its "Masterpiece" theme, is entitled "Fanfare for trumpets, timpani, violins, and oboes" and dedicated to the son of the Duchess of Maine, the Prince of Dombes. The Concert Spirituel, conducted by Mouret himself, gave the premier performance of this Suite. The Second Suite, scored for violins, oboes, and horns, was first played at the Hôtel de Ville before King Louis XV.

External links

*IckingArchive|idx=Mouret|name=Jean-Joseph Mouret
* [http://www.easybyte.org Easybyte] - free easy piano arrangement of "Rondeau/Masterpiece Theatre Theme" plus midi sound file.
* [http://www.operone.de/komponist/mouret.html Opera One:] List of major operas and opera-ballets
* [http://www.cesar.org.uk/cesar2/places/places.php?fct=edit&location_UOID=101774 Calendrier électronique des spectacles sous l'ancien régime] : the "Grandes Nuits" of Sceaux


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  • Jean-Joseph Mouret — (* 11. April 1682 in Avignon; † 22. Dezember 1738 in Charenton le Pont) war ein französischer Komponist. Leben Mouret war der Sohn eines Seidenhändlers, der finanziell in der Lage war, seinen Kindern beste Ausbildungen zu ermöglichen. Bei Jean… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-joseph mouret — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mouret. Jean Joseph Mouret est un musicien français né à Avignon le 11 avril 1682 et mort à Charenton le 22 décembre 1738. Sa vie Il était fils d un marchand de soie qui lui fit donner une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Joseph Mouret — (* 11. April 1682 in Avignon; † 22. Dezember 1738 in Charenton le Pont) war ein französischer Komponist. Leben Mouret war der Sohn eines Seidenhändlers, der finanziell in der Lage war, seinen Kindern beste Ausbildungen zu ermöglichen. Bei Jean… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Joseph Mouret — (Avignon, 11 de abril de 1682 Charenton, 22 de diciembre de 1738) fue un músico francés del Barroco. Biografía Fue hijo de un comerciante de seda que le hizo dar una buena educación y, constatando sus dones precoces para la música, favoreció su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean-Joseph Mouret — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mouret. Jean Joseph Mouret est un musicien français né à Avignon (Vaucluse) le 11 avril 1682 et mort à Charenton le 22 décembre 1738. Sa vie Il était fils d un marchand de soie qui lui fit… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Mouret — Jean Joseph Mouret (* 11. April 1682 in Avignon; † 22. Dezember 1738 in Charenton le Pont) war ein französischer Komponist. Leben Mouret war der Sohn eines Seidenhändlers, der finanziell in der Lage war, seinen Kindern beste Ausbildungen zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Mouret — may refer to: Mouret, Aveyron, a town in France Le Mouret, a municipality in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland Lissac et Mouret, a commune in the Lot department, France See also Jean Joseph Mouret (1682 1738), composer Cédric Mouret (b. 1978),… …   Wikipedia

  • Mouret — ist der Name folgender Orte: Le Mouret, ein Ort in der Schweiz Mouret (Aveyron), eine französische Gemeinde im Département Aveyron Mouret ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Emmanuel Mouret (* 1970), französischer Regisseur, Drehbuchautor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Étienne Despréaux — (* 31. August 1748 in Paris; † 26. März 1820 ebenda) war ein französischer Komponist und Schauspieler. Despréaux war der Sohn eines Musikers (Oboe) an der Académie royale de musique. Seine musikalische Ausbildung erhielt er durch seinen Vater und …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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