Youth Health

Youth Health is the range of approaches to preventing, detecting or treating young people’s health and well being (WHO, 2001). The term adolescent and young people are often used interchangeably, as are the terms Adolescent Health and Youth Health.

Young people’s health is of often complex and requires a comprehensive, biopsychosocial approach (NSW Health, 1998).

Key Health Services for Young People

Youth Health includes adolescent medicine as a speciality, along with other primary and tertiary care services.

Key health services for young people:
*Adolescent medicine
*Child protection
*Drug and Alcohol services and Youth Drug courts
*General practitioners
*Justice Health
*Mental Health services
*Psychology
*School health services
*Sexual health services
*Social work
*Transition care
*Youth health nursing
*Youth health services and 'one-stop-shops' for young people
*Youth work and youth development services
*Web based supports such as Reach Out!

Capacity building organisations support the Youth Health sector by providing access to information and resources, conducting research and providing training.

Key Youth Health Problems

Key Features of Youth Health Problems Young people engage in risky behaviours that affect their health and therefore the majority of health problems are psychosocial. Many young people experience multiple problems. These behaviours are established as a young person and go on to become the lifestyles of adults leading to chronic health problems. Social, cultural and environmental factors are all important (Chown et al 2004).

The leading health related problems in the age group 12 – 24 years are (AIHW, 2007):
*Accidents and injuries both unintentional and self-injury
*Mental health problems including depression and suicide
*Behavioural problems including substance abuse
*Sexual health / Infectious diseases
*Nutrition and physical activity
*Chronic illness
*Physical and Sexual Assault
*Youth homelessness
*Young parents
Factors Influencing Health and Wellbeing according to the Australian National Youth Information Framework (AIHW, 2007) include:
*Environmental factors
*Socio-economic factors
*Community capacity
*Health behaviours
*Person related factors

Key Principles in Youth Health

*Collaborative approaches
*Evidence-based practice
*Harm reduction
*Health promotion
*Social justice
*Youth development
*Youth empowerment
*Youth participation
*Youth rights
*Youth voice

Young Peoples Access to Health Care

Studies have identified major barriers to young peoples’ access to appropriate health care are (Booth et al, 2002) including concerns about confidentiality, practitioners attitudes and communication style, environment, availability of services, cost and the developmental characteristics of young people.

Overcoming young peoples barriers to accessing health care
Princplies for overcomming the barriers to young peoples’ access to appropriate health care (Kang et al, 2005, CAAH, 2006) include:

1. Access facilitation
2. Evidence-based practice
3. Youth participation
4. Collaboration
5. Professional development
6. Sustainability
7. Evaluation

Youth Participation

Youth health polices also recognise the need active participation with young people so that services are appropriate and have an understanding of their needs (NSW Health, 1998). "Taking Participation Seriously" is a resource for organisations who want practical advice about how to involve children and young people in activities, events and decision-making about issues that affect their lives (NSW Commission for Children and Young People, 2002).

External links

* [http://www.acsa-caah.ca/ Canadian Association for Adolescent Health]
* [http://www.intercamhs.org/index.html International Alliance for Child and Adolescent Mental Health and Schools]
* [http://www.iaah.org International Association for Adolescent Health]
* [http://www.icyrnet.net/index.php?page=home&lang=en International Childhood and Youth Research Network (ICYRNet)]
* [http://www.caah.chw.edu.au/resources NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health]
* [http://www.nzaahd.org.nz New Zealand Aotearoa Adolescent Health and Development]
* [http://www.spunout.ie SpunOut.ie Irish National Youth Website ]
* [http://www.s-r-a.org/index.html Society for Research on Adolescents]
* [http://www.who.int/topics/adolescent_health/en WHO Adolescent Health]
* [http://www.who.int/child-adolescent-health WHO Child and Adolescent Health and Development]
* [http://bridgebacktolife.com.au/ The Bridge Back To Life Foundation]

References

* [Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2007, Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2007, Australian Government]
* [http://www.caah.chw.edu.au/resources/#01 Booth M, Bernard D, Quine S, Kang M, Beasley L, Usherwood T, Aperstein G & Bennett D (2002) Access to health care among NSW adolescents: Phase 1 Final Report. Sydney: NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead.]
* [http://www.caah.chw.edu.au/resources/#03 Chown P, Kang M, Sanci L, Newnham V and Bennett D (2008) Adolescent Health: enhancing the skills of General Practitioners in caring for young people from culturally diverse backgrounds, NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health and Transcultural Mental Health Centre.]
*Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, WHO (2001) Global Consultation on Adolescent Friendly Health Services, a consensus statement, GENEVA, 7-9 MARCH 2001
* [http://www.caah.chw.edu.au/resources/access_phase_2_report.pdf Kang M, Bernard D, Usherwood T, Quine S, Aperstein G, Kerr-Roubicek H, Elliott A & Bennett D (2005) Better Practice in Youth Health: Final Report on Research Study Access to Health Care Among Young People in New South Wales: Phase 2. Sydney: NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead.]
* [http://www.caah.chw.edu.au/resources/YPAHC_report.pdf NSW CAAH (2005) Young People’s Access to Health Care: Exploring Youth Health Programs and Approaches in NSW, NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health / The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead NSW.]
* [http://www.caah.chw.edu.au/resources/access_fact_sheets.pdf NSW CAAH (2006) ACCESS Study: Youth Health -Youth Health Better Practice Framework Factsheets, NSW Centre for the Advancement of Adolescent Health/ The Children’s Hospital at Westmead.]
* [http://www.kids.nsw.gov.au/kids/resources/participationkit.cfm NSW Commission for Children and Young People (2002) Taking Participation Seriously, NSW Commission for Children and Young People, Surry Hills.]
*NSW Health (1998) Young People’s Health: Our Future. Gladesville: Better Health Centre.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Health promotion — Health promotion, as defined by the World Health Organization, is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. [ [http://www.euro.who.int/AboutWHO/Policy/20010827 2 WHO/Europe Ottawa Charter for Health… …   Wikipedia

  • Health care in Australia — is provided by both private and government institutions. The Minister for Health and Ageing, currently the Hon. Nicola Roxon MP, administers national health policy. Primary health care remains the responsibility of the federal government.The… …   Wikipedia

  • Health realization — (HR) is a resiliency approach to personal and community psychology [Mills, R: Realizing Mental Health: Toward a new Psychology of Resiliency , Sulberger Graham Publishing, Ltd. 1995.] first developed in the 1980s by Roger C. Mills and George… …   Wikipedia

  • Youth With A Mission — (YWAM) Founder(s) Loren Cunningham Type Evangelical Missions Agency Founded 1960 Key people John D …   Wikipedia

  • Youth mentoring — is the process of matching mentors with young people who need or want a caring, responsible adult in their lives. Adult mentors are usually unrelated to the child or teen and work as volunteers through a community , school , or church based… …   Wikipedia

  • Youth engagement — is the sentiment young people feel towards a particular person, activity, place or outcome. It has been a focus of youth development, public policy and social change movements for at least forty years. [Pittman, K. (n.d.)… …   Wikipedia

  • Youth voice — refers to the distinct ideas, opinions, attitudes, knowledge, and actions of young people as a collective body.BackgroundThe term youth voice often groups together a diversity of perspectives and experiences, regardless of backgrounds, identities …   Wikipedia

  • Youth-adult partnership — is the title of a conscious relationship which establishes and sustains intergenerational equity between young people and adults. Activities Youth adult partnerships happen when young people and adults become engaged together in their… …   Wikipedia

  • Youth participation — is the active engagement of young people throughout their communities. It is often used as a short hand for youth participation in any many forms, including decision making, sports, schools and any activity where young people are not historically …   Wikipedia

  • Youth Challenge International — originally known as Youth Challenge of Connecticut is a Christian organization founded by Bishop Raul Gonzalez, senior pastor of Glory Chapel International Cathedral in Hartford, Connecticut. (See also Youth Challenge International (YCI), a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.