Ana María Simo

Ana María Simo is a New York playwright, essayist and novelist. Born in Cuba, educated in France, and writing in English, she has collaborated with such experimental artists as composer Zeena Parkins, choreographer Stephanie Skura and filmmakers Ela Troyano and Abigail Child. [ Ana María Simo] , Playwrights: Cuban/Latino Theater Archive of the University of Miami, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-11-14 ]

She has also made important contributions as a lesbian activist, co-founding projects such as Medusa's Revenge, the first lesbian theater in New York, the direct action group The Lesbian Avengers, Dyke TV, and [ The Gully online magazine] .



Ana María Simo was born in Cienfuegos, Cuba in 1943, and moved to Havana with her grandmother on the eve of the 1959 revolution. She was 15 when she began working as a journalist and 18 when her first book was published: "Las fábulas (The Fables)", a short story collection. The book was published by Ediciones El Puente, a literary and publishing project (1961 to 1965) which Simo co-directed ] along with its founder, the poet José Mario Rodríguez.

Simo immigrated first to Paris (Dec. 1967), where she attended Roland Barthes’ seminar and studied sociology and linguistics at the University of Paris VIII-Vincennes (1968-1972). In the mid-1970s she settled in New York, where she began her career as an English-language writer. Her association with playwright/director Maria Irene Fornes’ theater workshop [Peterson, Jane T. and Bennet, Suzanne, 1997. "Women Playwrights of Diversity: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook", Greenwood Press. p. 19.] throughout the 1980s was pivotal in her development as a writer.

Some of her most notable works includes her 1990 play "Going to New England" produced at the INTAR theater. [" [ Production Information: Going To New England] ", Cuban Theater Archive, University of Miami, 2005.] The New York Time's Stephen Holden gave the production mixed reviews, but also wrote that the play itself succeeded as "a study in physical and emotional claustrophobia" examining the traditions of Latin American machismo, Roman Catholic values, and erotic taboos. [Holden, Stephen. (90-03-09) [ Reviews/Theater; Primal Emotions When Sex Runs Amok] , "New York Times"] Simo's "The Bad Play," a 1991 dance-theater collaboration with choreographer Stephanie Skura, also reviewed in The New York Times, was described as "a very broad and very funny parody" of the Hispanic soap opera with philandering doctors and cantankerous mothers-in-law. [Anderson, Jack. (91-10-28) " [ Dance in Review] ", "New York Times".]

Her 1989 short film, "How to Kill Her", with Ela Troyano, premiered at the Lesbian and Gay Experimental Film Festival and later went on to win first place in The Latino Film and Video Festival.

Simo's work has mainly been produced in New York City by venues including [ P.S. 122] , [ Theater for the New City] , [ INTAR Hispanic American Arts Center] , the [ New York Shakespeare Festival] 's Latino Festival, [ Duo Theatre] , and the [ WOW Café] . ]


Simo immigrated to Paris in time to participate in the student revolution of May 1968. Shortly afterwards, she participated in women's and lesbian/gay activist groups for the first time, including the Gouines Rouges (Red Dykes), the MLF (Mouvement de Libération des Femmes), and the FHAR (Front homosexuel d´action révolutionnaire). [Almendros, Nestor and Jiménez Leal, Orlando. (1984) [ Mauvaise Conduite] . ]

In 1976 in New York, she co-founded the lesbian theater Medusa's Revenge with actor and director Magaly Alabau. In her book, "Stagestruck: Theater, AIDS, and the Marketing of Gay America", Sarah Schulman writes,

"It is hard to find primary lesbian content on stage by an un-closeted writer before "Fefu and Her Friends" by Maria Irene Fornes in 1977. Or maybe it was Corinne Jacker's "Harry Outside" at the Circle Repertory Company in 1975. But, although each was sealed with a passionate kiss, both of these plays contained their lesbian content in subplots. Lesbian content was primary on stage at Medusa's Revenge at 10 Bleecker Street, the first theater in the world willing to produce our work." [Schulman, Sarah. "Stagestruck: Theater, AIDS, and the Marketing of Gay America", 1998, Duke University Press, p. 65]

In 1992, Simo co-founded the direct action group The Lesbian Avengers with longtime lesbian activists Maxine Wolfe, Anne-Christine d'Adesky, Sarah Schulman, Marie Honan, and Anne Maguire. [Schulman, Sarah, "My American History, Routledge", 1994] The original group's sole stated focus: "Lesbian survival and visibility." The Lesbian Avengers inspired chapters world-wide. One of its long-term accomplishments is the annual Dyke March in New York City.

Shortly afterwards, along with video-maker Mary Patierno and theater director Linda Chapman, she created Dyke TV. The half-hour television program produced by lesbians, for lesbians was aired on public access cable television across the United States for more than a decade. It included a mix of news, political commentary, the arts, health, and sports. [ [ Patierno, Mary] , Zoom Info. Retrieved 08-01-02]

Simo also co-founded [ The Gully online magazine] (2000-2006) with writer and activist Kelly Cogswell, "to encourage activism and redefine and expand gay issues." It offered queer views of international news, U.S. politics, activism, race, class, LGBT issues, and included a Spanish edition. [ [ GLBTQ and other resources] Retrieved 08-01-02]

elected works


* Exiles
* What Do You See?
* Pickaxe
* Alma
* Penguins
* The Bad Play
* Going to New England
* Ted and Edna
* The Opium War
* Without Qualities

Radio, film

* The Table of Liquid Measures (radio play)

* How to Kill Her, 1989, short film with Ela Troyano.

Fiction, Anthologies

* Simo, Ana María. "Las fábulas", Ediciones El Puente. (collection short stories) [ La hoja]

* Cooper, Dennis (Ed.). (1992). "Discontents: New Queer Writers". Amethyst Press.

* Scholder, Amy, Silverberg, Ira (Eds.). (1991) "High Risk: An Anthology of Forbidden Writings". Plume.

* Hasson, Liliane (Ed, Transl.). (1985). "Cuba: nouvelles et contes d’aujourd’hui". Éditions L’Harmattan, (France).

* Cohen, John Michael (Ed.). (1967). "Writers in the New Cuba: An Anthology". Penguin.

Articles, Monographs

* Simo, Ana Maria. "Lydia Cabrera: An Intimate Portrait". New York: Intar Latin American Gallery, 1988.

* Simo, Ana María and Garcia Ramos, Reinaldo. "Hablemos claro." "Mariel: Revista de Literatura y Arte 2.5" (1984): 9-10.



Queer / Latino Theater

* Caulfield, Carlota and Davis, Darién J. (Eds.). (2007). "A Companion to Us Latino Literatures". Tamesis Books.

* Gale, Maggie Barbara and Gardner, Vivien. (Eds.). (2004). "Auto/biography and Identity: Women, Theatre, and Performance". Manchester University Press.

* Solomon, Alisa and Minwalla, Framji (Eds.). (2002). "The Queerest Art: Essays on Lesbian and Gay Theater". New York University Press.

* Arrizón, Alica and Manzor, Lillian. (Eds.). (2000). "Latinas on Stage: Practice and Theory". Third Woman Press.

* Sandoval-Sánchez, Alberto. (1999). "José, Can You See?: Latinos on and Off Broadway". University of Wisconsin Press.

* Schulman, Sarah. (1998). "Stagestruck: Theater, AIDS, and the Marketing of Gay America". Duke University Press.

* Peterson, Jane T. and Bennett, Suzanne. (1997). "Women Playwrights of Diversity: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook". Greenwood Publishing Group.

* Noriega, Chon A. and López, Ana M. (1996). "The Ethnic Eye: Latino Media Arts". University of Minnesota Press.


* Howe, Linda S. (2004). "Transgression and Conformity: Cuban Writers and Artists After the Revolution". University of Wisconsin Press.

* Bejel, Emilio. (2001). "Gay Cuban Nation". University Of Chicago Press.

* Quiroga, Jose. (2000). "Tropics of Desire: Interventions from Queer Latino America". New York University Press

* Yáñez, Mirta, Cluster, Dick and Schuster, Cindy. (1998). "Cubana: Contemporary Fiction by Cuban Women". Beacon Press

* Davies, Catherine. (1997). "A Place in the Sun?: Women Writers in Twentieth-Century Cuba". Zed Books.

* Balderston, Daniel and Guy, Donna J. (1997). "Sex and Sexuality in Latin America: An Interdisciplinary Reader". New York University Press.

* Lumsden, Ian. (1996). "Machos, Maricones, and Gays: Cuba and Homosexuality". Temple University Press.

* Behar, Ruth. (1995). "Bridges to Cuba: Puentes a Cuba". University of Michigan Press.

* Reed, Roger. (1991). "The Cultural Revolution in Cuba". Latin American Round Table.
* "Interview with Ana Maria Simo." Daniels, Ian. "Torch" (New York). 15 December 1984, 14 January 1985.

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