North Hempstead, New York

North Hempstead
—  Town  —
North Hempstead is located in New York
North Hempstead
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°45′32″N 73°35′17″W / 40.75889°N 73.58806°W / 40.75889; -73.58806Coordinates: 40°45′32″N 73°35′17″W / 40.75889°N 73.58806°W / 40.75889; -73.58806
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Government
 – Type Town Council
 – Town Supervisor Jon Kaiman (D)
 – Town Council
Area
 – Total 69.1 sq mi (179.0 km2)
 – Land 53.6 sq mi (138.8 km2)
 – Water 15.5 sq mi (40.2 km2)
Elevation 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 226,322
 – Density 3,274.7/sq mi (1,264.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 11500-11599
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code
GNIS feature ID
Location of the town of North Hempstead inside Nassau County: On the east is Queens, the south the town of Hempstead and the west the town of Oyster Bay

North Hempstead is one of three towns in Nassau County, New York, USA. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 226,322.

The Town of North Hempstead occupies the northwest part of the county. Its Supervisor is Jon Kaiman, a Democrat.

Contents

History

The area was first settled around 1643 and became part of the town of Hempstead. During the American Revolution the south part of Hempstead was primarily Tory, while the north part, having been settled by Yankees, supported the revolution. Following the war, the town of North Hempstead was split off in 1784.

According to the "Our History" series in the Long Island-based newspaper, Newsday, "In September, 1775, almost a year before the future nation declared its independence from George III, the people of Great Neck, Cow Neck and other areas north of Old Country Road signed their own Declaration of Independence."

"The signers, passionate Patriots, declared their independence from the Town of Hempstead, which, in their opinion, had the bad habit of pledging allegiance to the king. Therefore, the northern necks declared themselves 'an entire separate and independent beat or district.' The 'beat' would officially become the Town of North Hempstead in 1784."

"During the Revolution, the northern Patriots had their own militia headed by Capt. John Sands of Cow Neck (now Port Washington), which invaded South Hempstead in search of arms. The rift caused a north-south animosity that would take years to heal."

"The first North Hempstead Town Board, headed by Patriot Adrian Onderdonk, had to cope with an impoverished area, devastated by an avenging British occupation. The councilmen met in Roslyn taverns and didn't get a permanent home until 1907, when the present town hall opened in Manhasset."

North Hempstead became more affluent with the opening of the Long Island Rail Road through to Great Neck, and the inauguration of steamboat service from Manhattan in 1836.

The town of North Hempstead is made up of 30 incorporated villages that had the right to set zoning restrictions to protect their rights and resources. No new villages have been created since 1936, when a revised county charter denied zoning power to future villages. There are also some unincorporated areas in the town of North Hempstead that are not part of villages.

North Hempstead is the only town on Long Island that does not have a corresponding hamlet or village in its borders with the same name; Hempstead and Oyster Bay in Nassau County and the towns of Huntington, Babylon, Islip, Smithtown, Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton, Shelter Island and East Hampton in Suffolk County all have smaller subdivisions with the same name.

Geography

The west town line is the border of Queens County, New York, part of New York City. The north town line, delineated by Long Island Sound, is the border of Bronx County and Westchester County. The town of Oyster Bay is the eastern neighbor.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69.1 square miles (179 km2), of which 53.6 square miles (139 km2) is land and 15.5 square miles (40 km2), or 22.47%, is water.

Between the 1990 census and the 2000 census, North Hempstead lost some territory to Queens.[1]

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 222,611 people, 76,820 households, and 58,460 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,154.9 people per square mile (1,604.2/km²). There were 78,927 housing units at an average density of 1,473.1 per square mile (568.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.98% White, 6.40% African American, 0.14% Native American, 9.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.90% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.83% of the population.

There were 76,820 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $96,517, and the median income for a family was $115,697.[1] Males had a median income of $60,094 versus $41,331 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,621. About 3.1% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities in North Hempstead

Villages (incorporated)

  1. Baxter Estates
  2. East Hills (part; with the Town of Oyster Bay)
  3. East Williston
  4. Floral Park (part; with the Town of Hempstead)
  5. Flower Hill
  6. Great Neck
  7. Great Neck Estates
  8. Great Neck Plaza
  9. Kensington
  10. Kings Point
  11. Lake Success
  12. Manorhaven
  13. Mineola (part; with Hempstead.)
  14. Munsey Park
  15. New Hyde Park (part; with Hempstead.)
  16. North Hills
  17. Old Westbury (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  18. Plandome
  19. Plandome Heights
  20. Plandome Manor
  21. Port Washington North
  22. Roslyn
  23. Roslyn Estates
  24. Roslyn Harbor (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  25. Russell Gardens
  26. Saddle Rock
  27. Sands Point
  28. Thomaston
  29. Westbury
  30. Williston Park

[3]

Hamlets (unincorporated)

  1. Albertson
  2. Carle Place
  3. Garden City Park
  4. Glenwood Landing (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  5. Great Neck Gardens
  6. Greenvale (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  7. Harbor Hills
  8. Herricks
  9. Lakeville Estates
  10. Manhasset
  11. Manhasset Hills
  12. New Cassel
  13. New Hyde Park (unincorporated)
  14. North New Hyde Park
  15. Port Washington
  16. Roslyn Heights
  17. Saddle Rock Estates
  18. Salisbury
  19. Searingtown
  20. University Gardens

Other locations

  • Great Neck -- A peninsula into the Long Island Sound.
  • Hempstead Harbor -- A bay of the Long Island Sound.
  • Lake Success -- A lake near the west town line.
  • Little Neck Bay -- A bay of the Long Island Sound
  • Manhasset Bay -- A bay of the Long Island Sound
  • Manhasset Neck or Cow Neck -- A peninsula into the Long Island Sound.
  • United States Merchant Marine Academy

Government and politics

The town council consists of six members each elected from individual wards. The supervisor is elected by the entire town.

Economy

North Shore-LIJ Health System, the largest employer on Long Island, is based in Great Neck.

Sumitomo Corporation operates its Lake Success Shared Services Center in an area in the town of North Hempstead, south of Lake Success.[4]

The North American headquarters of Sabena were located in a 36,000 square feet (3,300 m2) office building in Manhasset in North Hempstead. In April 2002 Knightsbridge Properties Corp. bought the building for $4.9 million. Due to the bankruptcies of Sabena and Swissair, the real estate deal took over a year to finish. During that month the building was 30% occupied. Sabena was scheduled to move out of the building on May 10, 2002. The buyer planned to spend an additional $2 million to convert the building into a multi-tenant, Class A office and medical facility.[5] At one time Servisair's Americas offices were in Great Neck.[6]

Notes

  1. ^ "New York: 2000 Population and Housing Unit Counts". September 2003. p. III-9. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-3-34.pdf. Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Villages in Town of North Hempstead". http://www.northhempstead.com/content/4200/4209/default.aspx. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  4. ^ "Office Network." Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  5. ^ Anastasi, Nick. "Knightsbridge Properties buys former Sabena HQ." Long Island Business News. Friday April 26, 2002. Retrieved on April 26, 2010.
  6. ^ "Contact Details." Penauille Servisair. Retrieved on 13 September 2011. "Americas Penauille Servisair 111 Great Neck Road Suite 600 P O Box 355 Great Neck NY 11022-0355 U S A"

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