El Puerto de Santa María


El Puerto de Santa María

Spanish city


image_skyline_size = 160px
image_skyline_caption = View of the "Castillo de San Marcos"
native_name = El Puerto de Santa María
spanish_name = El Puerto de Santa María
nickname = "La ciudad de los 100 palacios"
The city of the 100 palaces
city_motto = "Puerto de Menesteo"
city_motto_means =



image_flag_size = 115px
image_coat_of_arms = Mi_escudo_psm.jpg
image_coat_of_arms_size = 90px
image_city_

image_city_map_size = 190px
image_city_map_caption = Location of El Puerto de Santa María
lat_long =
time_zone =
time_zone_summer =
founded =
native_language = Spanish
community = Andalusia
community_link = Andalusia
province = Cádiz
province_link = Cádiz (province)
comarca = Bay of Cádiz
comarca_link = Bay of Cádiz (comarca)
divisions =
neighborhoods =
mayor = :es:Enrique Moresco
political_party = Popular Party
political_party_link = Popular Party (Spain)
area = 159
altitude = 6
population = 83.101
date-population = 2007
population-ranking =
density = 522,6
date-density = 2007
website = http://www.elpuertosm.es/
postal_code = 11500
area_code = 956

El Puerto de Santa María (Spanish for "The port/harbour of Saint Mary", locally known as just El Puerto) is a city located on the banks of the Guadalete River in the province of Cádiz, Spain. According to the 2005 census, the city has a population of 82,306, of which 50,000 live in the urban center, and the remainder in the surrounding areas.

The town of El Puerto de Santa Maria is 10 km north east of Cadiz across the bay of Cadiz and is best known for its ferry El Vaporcito which has been in operation for 76 years carrying passengers to and from Cadiz to El Puerto.

History

According to the legend told in the Odyssey of Homer, after the Trojan War a Greek official named Menestheus escaped with his troops through the Straits of Gibraltar and reached the Guadalete River. They established themselves here and called that port Menestheus's port.

In 711, Arab (Moors) from the North of Africa invaded southern Spain. They renamed the place Alcante or Alcanatif which means Port of Salt, due to the old salt industry of Phoenicians and Romans.

In 1260, Alfonso X of Castile conquered the city from the Moors and renamed it Santa María del Puerto. He organized the land distribution and conceded a charter under the Crown of Castile.In his Cantigas de Santa Maria [http://csm.mml.ox.ac.uk/index.php?p=poemdata_view&rec=367 CSM 367] , Alfonso sings that he was miraculously healed of swollen legs after visiting his church of "Santa Maria do Porto".

Christopher Columbus's second expedition to the Americas set sail from El Puerto de Santa María. His pilot, Juan de la Cosa drew his world map (the first including the coast of New World) in El Puerto in 1500.

Columbus visited El Puerto in 1480 and received encouragement for his travel plans. He also met Juan de la Cosa who issued the first world map in 1500.

El Puerto was the residence of several wealthy "cargadores", merchants who operated Spain's trade with the Americas.

During the 16th and 17th centuries, it was the winter port of the royal galleys.

In the nineteenth century the city became the General Headquarters for the French Army during the War of Independence (Peninsular War) under the reign of Jose Bonaparte (1801-1812).

The town is seeped in history, museums and monuments. It is also within easy reach of the historical cities of Seville and Cádiz.

Demographics

Demography 7col|400px
1999|2000|2001|2002|2003|2004|2005
75,097|75,478|76,538|77,747|79,889|80,658|82,306
Source: [http://www.ine.es INE (Spain)]

Geography

El Puerto de Santa María is located on the Atlantic coast of the Bay of Cádiz, near the municipalities of Jerez de la Frontera, Rota, Puerto Real, and Cádiz. It is popular for its beaches, which are the town's principal tourist attraction. Well known beaches include Vistahermosa, Valdelagrana, and La Puntilla. Like many other southern cities, there are many smaller towns encompassed by the municipality. There is also a major port, known as Puerto Sherry. A large amount of land has been devoted to the Bay of Cádiz Nature Reserve.

Economy

The most important economic activity is tourism, mainly because of the beaches, as well as the bullfights held at the arena during the summer. The town also hosts large groups of motorcyclists during the Jerez Motorcycle Grand Prix. There is commercial development in the center and periphery, and a highly developed wine industry.

Fiestas and festivals

Andalusians love colour, noise, crowds and pageant, dressing up and generally partying and have many opportunities to do so at the local fiestas, which are held annually. Listed are a few of the main fiestas in the area:

*Spring Carnival: Cadiz is the home of Carnival with fancy dress and parades in the streets usually ending on the Tuesday 47 days before Easter.

*Semana Santa: Holy Week the week that leads up to Easter Sunday is a wonderful time to enjoy the area with it’s street parades and long lines of penitents and big crowds. In El Puerto de Santa Maria there are daily parades from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday.

*Campeonato de España ( Motorbikes Races): A weekend fiesta of music and dance in April World Championships of Motorcycling.

*Feria del Vino Fino (Spring's fair):El Puerto de Santa Maria’s local week of fiesta, dancing sherry drinking and sevillana dancing this is usually in the middle of May. This is the principal festival is the Feria de Primavera (Spring Fair), held between the fifth and sixth week after Holy Week. In recent years, it has coincided with May 1.
*Romeria del Rocio: Festive pilgrimage of up to one million people to the village of Rocio in Almonte, Huelva usually around the third week of May.

*Hogueras de San Juan: Midsummer bonfires and fireworks on the beaches in most areas of Cádiz on the 23 June.

*Dia de la Virgen del Carmen: The patron Saint of El Puerto de Santa Maria and all fishermen is the Virgen Del Carmen and on the 16 July her imagine is taken from the local Church and carried into the sea on board on a fishing boat and then paraded around the town. A general day of festivities.

Tourism

El Puerto has a famous bullring which dates back to 1880 with space for 15,000 spectators. Bullfighting is still enjoyed during the Feria season during the month of August, and during the "Feria de la Primavera" (Spring Fair) in early May. This Feria is dedicated to sherry wine and 180,000 half bottles are drunk in 4 days. There are several "bodegas" (wineries) in the town centre, all of which can be visited by the public. The most famous bodegas in El Puerto are Osborne and Terry both of which export sherry and brandy worldwide. In the cellars of El Puerto, the dry, pale sherry known as Fino is produced using the traditional method called solera. This method produces Fino, the sweet Muscatel, Amontillado and the older Oloroso.

El Puerto is an excellent place to sample local tapas and seafood, for which it is famous. Food is an important reason why El Puerto de Santa Maria attracts hundreds of tourists. The Bay of Cádiz is famous for its fresh seafood and that, teamed with the abundance of fresh fruit and vegetables leads to excellent restaurant menus. Most tourists head for the Rivera del Marisco where you can by seafood in paper cones to take away or eat at the tables. There are a wide variety of eateries all located with walking distance in the town centre.

El Puerto has escaped the mass tourism of the Costa del Sol and remains unspoilt, natural and very picturesque.During the summer months the town bursts with life.Most of the town is on the north bank of the Rio Guadelete, where bars and restaurants line the palm-covered streets. Entertainment is lively in the summer in the town centre and in Vistahermosa everything starts very late and goes on well into the early hours, hence the famous Spanish siesta.

The climate is one of El Puerto’s best features with endless days of sunshine. Even during the winter months, temperatures rarely fall below 20 degrees. With more than three thousand hours of sunshine, fine sandy beaches and blue seas, El Puerto de Santa Maria on the Costa de la Luz (the Coast of Light) is a popular holiday location.For nature lovers, El Puerto de Santa Maria is situated in the middle of the Parque natural Bahia de Cádiz There are two square kilometres of pine forest which form one part of the three ecosystems in the area. An endangered species of chameleon along with other reptiles and birds of immense variety can be found in the forest. Andalusia’s wildlife is the most varied in Europe, with fauna and flora in protected areas. The area boasts of two Natural parks, the Sierra de Grazalema and El Coto Donaña, both within driving distance and well worth a visit.

ister cities

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Famous people from El Puerto de Santa María

*Jessica Jean Bray, tennis champion and famed surfer
*Pedro Muñoz Seca, playwright
*Rafael Alberti, poet of the Spanish Generation of 1927
*Federico Rubio, surgeon
*Tomás el Nitri, flamenco singer
*Juan Modesto, Republican general
*Valentín Galarza Morante, minister of Francisco Franco
*El Negro, flamenco singer
*Pedro Pérez Fernández, playwright
*Martín de Garay, minister of finances
*Miguel del Pino, matador bullfighter
*Juan Antonio de Vizarrón y Eguiarreta, viceroy and archbishop
*Torcuato Benjumeda, architect
*Ramón Gaztelu, lawyer and philanthropist
*José Luis Galloso, bullfighter
*Hipólito Sancho de Sopranis, historian
*Manolo Prieto, painter
*Juan Lara, painter
*Francisco Javier de Burgos y Sarragoiti, journalist
*Luis de Coig y Sansón, mariner
*Javier Ruibal, folk singer
*Juan Carlos Arniz Sanz, writer
*Juan Manuel de Cañas, governor of Costa Rica
*José Cordero de Torres, clockmaker
*Rafael Taboada Mantilla, musician
*Joaquín Sánchez Rodríguez, football player
*Ricardo Summers Ysern, painter and illustrator
*Francisco Javier de Uriarte y Borja, Captain General of the Spanish Navy.

Gallery of pictures

ee also

*History of Sherry

External links

[http://www.puertodenoche.com/ Hotels, Restaurants and Bars] in El Puerto de Santa María

[http://www.visitaelpuerto.com/ Cultural Information] of the Monuments and Museums of El Puerto de Santa María

[http://el-puerto-de-santa-maria.costasur.com/en/panoramicas.html 360º Panoramic walk of El Puerto de Santa Maria]


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