Price Increase and Famine Resistance Committee
The Price Increase and Famine Resistance Committee was a mass movement in
West Bengal, India, formed in late 1958 by the Communist Party of Indiaand other left groups, in response to the ongoing food crisis. The PIFRC led one of the most massive and militant political campaigns in the history of West Bengal. The PIFRC demanded total price controls, immidiate redistribution of state lands and confiscations without compensation of excessive private lands owned by landlords. The tactics of PIFRC included scouting for hidden rice storages and forced sales of confiscated rice.M.V.S. Koteswara Rao. "Communist Parties and United Front - Experience in Kerala and West Bengal". Hyderabad: Prajasakti Book House, 2003. p. 219.]
The PIFRC stepped up its agitations in August 1959. The organization put forward
August 20, 1959as the date to initiate mass resistance to force the state government either to accept these demands or to resign. In mid-1959, 35 prominent organisers of PIFRC were put under preventive detention. The detainees includes seven members of the legislative assembly. [Bayley, David H.. " [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0030-851X%28196222%2935%3A2%3C99%3ATIEWPD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-J The Indian Experience with Preventive Detention] ", in "Pacific Affairs", Vol. 35, No. 2. (Summer, 1962), pp. 99-115.] The movement reached its peak as a general strikewas organised in Calcuttaand surrounding districts in August-September 1959. The strike paralysed the entire city and its adjoining districts. On August 31, 1959, more than 20 demonstrators were killed by police bullets.
When the state government accepted the demands of PIFRC, the campaign was called off. In total, 39 people were killed during the agitations. 12 845 persons had been arrested, out of them 200 CPI leaders and 50 leaders of other left parties. Prominent communist leaders, like
Jyoti Basu, had gone underground to escape arrest.
Impact inside CPI
Marcus Franda claims that the 1959 food movement had an impact on the internal debates with the CPI in West Bengal. According to him, the militant campaign against the Congress state government was used by the leftist, anti-Congress sectors within the party to subdue the those sectors that sought tactical cooperation with Congress. The thesis that the food movement had a divisive impact on the party was also put forward by "
The Statesman" at the time.M.V.S. Koteswara Rao. "Communist Parties and United Front - Experience in Kerala and West Bengal". Hyderabad: Prajasakti Book House, 2003. p. 233.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Great Famine (Ireland) — The Great Famine ( ga. An Gorta Mór [The term has appeared in the titles of numerous books on the event, as demonstrated by [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=%22Gorta+Mo%CC%81r%22 =Search qt=results page this search on WorldCat] ] or ga. An… … Wikipedia
Lancashire Cotton Famine — An 1862 newspaper illustration showing people waiting in line for food and coal tickets at a district Provident Society office The Lancashire Cotton Famine, also known as The Cotton Famine or the Cotton Panic (1861–1865), was a depression in the… … Wikipedia
Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha — The first Satyagraha revolutions inspired by Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian Independence Movement occurred in Kheda district of Gujarat and the Champaran district of Bihar between the years of 1918 and 1919. Champaran Satyagraha was the first to be … Wikipedia
china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium
France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… … Universalium
international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… … Universalium
United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… … Universalium
India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… … Universalium
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet … Universalium