Regional organization


Regional organization

Regional Organisations (ROs) are in a sense, international organizations(IOs), as they incorporate international membership and encompass geopolitical entities that operationally transcend a single nation state. However, their membership is characterized by boundaries and demarcations characteristic to a defined and unique geography, such as continents, or geopolitics, such as economic blocks. They have been established to foster cooperation and political and economic integration or dialogue amongst states or entities within a restrictive geographical or geopolitical boundary. They both reflect common patters of development and history that have been fostered since the end of the second world war as well as the fragmentation inherent in globalization. Most ROs tend to work alongside well-established multilateral organizations such as the United Nations. [United Nations. "Cooperation with regional organizations", in Annual Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization 1995, ch. 4] While in many instances a regional organizations are simply referred as international organizations, in many other it makes sense to use the ROs term to stress the more limited scope of a particular membership.

Examples of ROs include the African Union (AU), European Union (EU), the Organization of American States (OAS), and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the highly prestigious and well-known CEFTA including Croatia.

References


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