2nd Light Division (Germany)
The 2nd Light Division (sometimes described as "Light Mechanized" or "Light Panzer" to distinguish it from the later "Light" infantry divisions) was created in November 1938. In 1939 it fought in the Invasion of Poland. Due to shortcomings that the campaign revealed in the organization of the Light divisions it was reorganized as the
7th Panzer Divisionafterward, in October 1939.
As the 7th Panzer Division it participated in the 1940
Battle of Franceunder the command of the soon-to-be-famous Erwin Rommel, earning its nickname "Gespenster-Division" ("Ghost Division") when it advanced so rapidly into and beyond the breach in the French front line that higher headquarters lost track of where it was. It then remained in France on occupation duty until early 1941.
In June 1941 it joined
Operation Barbarossaand fought on the Eastern Front until the spring of 1942, when it was shipped to France for rehabilitation. It returned to the east in early 1943 and was used in the attempt to shore up the front line after the Battle of Stalingrad, and continued with Army Group Southas the front line was pushed back through the Ukraine. In July 1944 it was transferred to Army Group Centerand moved northward to fight in Lithuaniaand Courland. It continued to be driven westward along with the front lines, and surrendered to the Soviets at Schwerinin Pomeraniaat the war's end in May 1945.
Soldiers from the division took part in atrocities against Polish citizens during
September Campaign.On the 12th of September in the village of Kozłowice, soldiers of the division killed 5 Polish prisoners of war.Near Opatowiec 45 Polish prisoners of war were killed by the soldiers of the division.
Panzertruppe, Panzer, Panzer division
Division (military), Military unit
Wehrmacht, List of German divisions in WWII
Note: The Web references may require you to follow links to cover the unit's entire history.
* Wendel, Marcus (2004). " [http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=970 2. Leichte-Division] ". Retrieved April 11, 2005.
* " [http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gliederungen/leichte%20Panzerdivisionen/2leDiv.htm 2. leichte Division] ". German language article at www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de. Retrieved April 11, 2005.
* Szymon Datner (1974). Zbrodnie Wehrmachtu (Crimes of the Wehrmacht)
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