Hockey is any of a family of
sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round, rubber or heavy plastic disc called a puck, into the opponent's net or goal, using a hockey stick.
Field hockey is played on gravel, natural grass, sand-based or water-based
artificial turf, with a small, hard ball. The game is popular among both males and females in many parts of the world, particularly in Europe, Asia, Australia, and South Africa. In most countries, the game is played between single-sex sides, although they can be mixed-sex. The governing body is the 116-member International Hockey Federation(FIH). Men's Field hockey has been played at each summer Olympic Games since 1908 (except 1912 and 1924), while Women's Field Hockey has been played each summer Olympic Games since 1980. Modern field hockey sticks are J-shaped and constructed of a composite of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre (sometimes both) and have a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and curved surface on the rear side. There are 4000-year-old drawings in Egypt of a game resembling field hockey being played.Fact|date=December 2007 While current field hockey appeared in the mid-18th century in England, primarily in schools, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that it became firmly established. The first club was created in 1849 at Blackheath in south-east London. Field hockey is the national sportof Indiaand Pakistan[ [http://www.surfindia.com/sports/field-hockey.html Hockey,Field Hockey,Hockey Game,Hockey Sports,Hockey History,Hockey India ] ] .
Ice hockeyis played on a large flat area of ice, using a three inch (76.2 mm) diameter vulcanized rubber disc called a puck. This puck is often frozen before high-level games to decrease the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice. The game is contested between two teams of skaters. The game is played all over North America, Europe and in many other countries around the world to varying extent. It is the most popular sport in Canada, where it is the national sport, Finland, the Czech Republic, and in Sweden.
The governing body is the 64-member
International Ice Hockey Federation, (IIHF). Men's ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since 1924, and was in the 1920 Summer Olympics. Women's ice hockey was added to the Winter Olympics in 1998. North America's National Hockey League(NHL) is the strongest professional ice hockey league, drawing top ice hockey players from around the globe. The NHL rules are slightly different from those used in Olympic ice hockey: the periods are 20 minutes long, counting downwards. There are three periods. Ice hockey sticks are long L-shaped sticks made of wood, graphite, or composites with a blade at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can curve either way, legally, as to help a left- or right-handedplayer gain an advantage. There are early representations and reports of ice hockey-type games being played on ice in the Netherlands, and reports from Canadafrom the beginning of the nineteenth century, but the modern game was initially organized by students at McGill University, Montrealin 1875 who, by two years later, codified the first set of ice hockey rules and organized the first teams.
Ice hockey is played at a number of levels, by all ages. see|Minor Hockey
Roller hockey (inline)
Inline hockeyis a variation of roller hockeyvery similar to ice hockey, from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink. The game is played in three 15-minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing. For rink dimensions and an overview of the rules of the game, see IIHF Inline Rules ( [http://www.iihf.com/inline/InLine_Rule_Book.pdf official rules] ). Some leagues and competitions do not follow the IIHF regulations, in particular [http://www.usahockey.com/inline/ USA Inline] and [http://www.canadainline.com/ Canada Inline] .
Roller hockey (quad)
Roller hockey (quad)is the overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented. Roller hockey has been played in sixty countries worldwide and so has many names worldwide. The sport is also known as quad hockey, hóquei em patins, international style ball hockey, rink hockey and hardball hockey. Roller Hockey was a demonstration roller sport at the 1992 Barcelona Summer Olympics.
Another form of popular hockey is
Street Hockey, sometimes known as road hockey. This is usually played with the same rules as ice hockey, or roller hockey, except it is on the street. Most of the time, a ball is used instead of a puck, because a puck behaves erratically and would be too difficult to hit on an asphaltor cementsurface. Street hockey is played year round.
Other forms of hockey
Other games derived from hockey or its predecessors include the following:
Air hockeyis played indoors with a puck on an air-cushion table.
Ball hockeyis played in a gym using sticks and a ball, often a tennisball with the fuzz removed.
Unicycle Hockeyis similar to roller or inline hockey, however, each player must be mounted on their unicycle(with both feet on the pedals) to play at the ball.
Bandyis played with a ball on a football-sized ice arena, typically outdoors. It is in some ways field hockey played on ice, but bandy has in fact more in common with association football (soccer).Fact|date=September 2008
Box Hockeyis a school yard game played by two people. The object of the game is to move a hockey puck from the center of the box out through a hole placed at the end of the box (known as the goal). Each player kneels and faces one another on either side of the box, and each attempts to move the puck to their left. If a player succeeds in getting the puck to exit the box through the goal, the player scores one point. The first player to score 11 points wins the game.
Broomballis played on an ice hockey rink, but with a ball instead of a puck and a "broom" (actually a stick with a small plastic implement on the end) in place of the ice hockey stick. Instead of using skates, special shoes are used that have very soft rubbery soles to maximize grip while running around.
Floorball, is a form of hockey played in a gymnasium or in sport halls. A whiffle ball is used instead of a plastic ball, and the sticks are made from composite materials. The sticks are only one meter long, allowing better stickhandling, and making the game a whole lot safer. It is very popular in Europe, and is widely recognized as the world's fastest growing sport.
Foot hockeyor Sock hockey is played using a bald tennis ball or rolled up pair of socks and using only the feet. It is popular at elementary schools in the winter.
* Gym hockey is a form of ice hockey played in a gymnasium. It uses sticks with foam ends and a foam ball or a plastic puck.
Hurlingand Camogieare Irish games bearing some resemblance to - and notable differences from - hockey.
Indoor field hockeyis an indoor variation of field hockey.
Mini hockey(Popularly known as "Mini-Sticks") is a form of hockey which is played in basements of houses. Players get down on their knees, using a miniature plastic stick, usually about 15 inches (38 cm) long and a small blue ball or a soft, fabric covered mini puck. They shoot into miniature goals as well. This is popular throughout North America, though it has not yet made the jump to Europe. In England this refers to a seven-a-side version of Field Hockey, played on an area equivalent to half a normal pitch for younger players, see Minkey (Mini Hockey)
Nok Hockeyis a table-top version of hockey played with no defense and a small block in front of the goal.
PowerHockeyis a form of hockey for persons requiring the use of an electric (power) wheelchair in daily life. PowerHockey is a competitive sports opportunity for the physically disabled.
Ringetteis an ice hockey variant that was designed for female players; it uses a straight stick and a rubber ring in place of a puck. "Note: Ringette distances itself from hockey as it has its own set of rules and is closely related to a mix of lacrosse and basketball."
Rinkballis a Scandinavian team sport, played in an ice hockey rink with a ball.
Rossall Hockeyis a variation played at Rossall Schoolon the sea shore in the winter months. Its rules are a mix of field hockey, Rugby and the Eton Wall Game.
Shinnyis an informal version of ice hockey.
Shintyis a Scottish Highlandsgame
Skater hockeyis a variant of inline hockey, played with a ball.
Sledge hockeyis a form of ice hockey played by the disabled. The players sit on sleds, and push themselves up and down the ice with picks on the butt end of their shortened hockey sticks. The game is played with many of the same rules as regular ice hockey.
Spongeeis a cross between ice hockey and broomball and is most popular in Manitoba, Canada. A stick and puck are used as in hockey (the puck is a softer version called a "sponge puck"), and the same soft-soled shoes used in broomball are worn. The rules are basically the same as ice hockey, but one variation has an extra player on the ice called a "rover".
Street HockeyIs played on a concrete court.
Table hockeyis played indoors with a table-top game.
Underwater hockeyis played on the bottom of a swimming pool.
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hockey — [ ɔkɛ ] n. m. • 1876; mot angl., de l a. fr. hoquet « crochet, bâton crochu », frq. °hôk ♦ Sport d équipe, dont les règles rappellent celles du football, et qui consiste à faire passer une balle de cuir entre deux poteaux (buts), au moyen d une… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hockey WA — is the organization responsible for the sport of Field Hockey in the state of Western Australia, Australia. Hockey WA is represented in the Australian Hockey League competition by the SmokeFree WA Thundersticks and the SmokeFree WA Diamonds.… … Wikipedia
Hockey — (altfranzös. hoquet, „Schäferstock“) ist ein mit Hockeyschlägern auszuführendes Torspiel. Ausgehend vom traditionellen Hockey haben sich weitere Sportarten gebildet, von denen Feldhockey und Eishockey die bekanntesten und eigenständigsten sind.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
hockey — Hockey is a common sport for men and women in English speaking countries, usually played on a grass field by two teams of eleven over two thirty five minute periods. The name was only arrived at in the eighteenth or nineteenth centuries,… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
hockey — (del inglés; pronunciamos joquei ) sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Deporte entre dos equipos de un número variable de jugadores que consiste en introducir, con un palo curvado, una bola o disco metálicos en la portería contraria: jugar al… … Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española
*hockey — ● hockey nom masculin (anglais hockey, crosse) Sport d équipe, pratiqué avec une crosse, et dont il existe deux variantes : le hockey sur gazon et le hockey sur glace. ● hockey (homonymes) nom masculin (anglais hockey, crosse) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hockey — Sn (ein Feldspiel) erw. fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. hockey, dessen weitere Herkunft nicht sicher geklärt ist. Ebenso nndl. hockey, nfrz. hockey, nschw. hockey, nisl. hokkí. ✎ Rey Debove/Gagnon (1988), 391. englisch e … Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache
hockey — [häk′ē] n. [Early ModE, prob. < OFr hoquet, bent stick, crook, dim. of hoc, hook < MDu hoec, HOOK ] ☆ 1. a team game played on ice, in which the players, using a curved stick with a flat blade (hockey stick) and wearing skates, try to drive … English World dictionary
hockey — after an isolated reference from Ireland dated 1527 ( The horlinge of the litill balle with hockie stickes or staves ... ), the word is next recorded 1838 from W. Sussex; of unknown origin, perhaps related to M.Fr. hoquet shepherd s staff, crook … Etymology dictionary
Hockey — Hockey: Der Name des Spiels wurde im 20. Jh. aus engl. hockey entlehnt, dessen weitere Herkunft unsicher ist. – Zus.: Eishockey … Das Herkunftswörterbuch