Fray Bentos


Fray Bentos

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Fray Bentos
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pushpin_label_position = right
pushpin_map_caption =
pushpin_mapsize =


image_caption =
subdivision_type= Country |subdivision_name=Uruguay |subdivision_type1 = Department
subdivision_name1 = Río Negro Department
elevation_m =
latd=33 |latm=08 |lats=|latNS=S|longd=58 |longm= 18|longs= |longEW=W
established_title= Founded
established_date = 1858
founder =
population_total = 23122
population_as_of = 2004
population_blank1_title =Demonym
population_blank1 = fraybentino
area_code = |postal_code_type =postal code
postal_code =

Fray Bentos is a town Uruguay.

Location and population

It is located in western Uruguay, close to the border with Argentina, and about 160 km (100 mi) due north of Buenos Aires.

It has a population of 23,122 (2004).

Economic life and history

It is a port on the Uruguay River and is the capital of the Río Negro Department. Historically, its main industry has been meat processing. The beef plant there closed in 1979 after 117 years in operation. A local history museum opened on the site in March 2005.The town was originally founded in 1859 as 'Independencia'. Its current name, meaning "Friar Benedict", is derived from a reclusive priest. ["Fray Bentos", "Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names". John Everett-Heath. Oxford University Press 2005. Oxford Reference Online, retrieved 21 June 2008]

Botnia S.A., a subsidiary of Finnish corporation Metsä-Botnia, has built a large cellulose factory in Fray Bentos to produce bleached eucalyptus pulp; production started in November 2007, first shipments in December 2007 from oversea port of Nueva Palmira. The investment in the project was about 1 billion USD and the factory directly or indirectly employs about 8,000 people. The project, however, is not without opponents. On 30 April 2005 about 40,000 Argentinians from Entre Ríos, along with environmental groups from both countries, demonstrated in the bridge linking both countries; and since then, some Argentinian groups are blocking the international bridge to put pressure on the Uruguayan government to stop the factory claiming it will gravely pollute the Uruguay River.cite web| year = 2005 | url = http://www.clarin.com/diario/2005/04/30/um/m-967938.htm | title = Multitudinaria protesta en Entre Ríos contra la instalación de papeleras (in Spanish) | publisher = Clarín | accessdate = April 20| accessyear = 2005] On 20 December 2005 a World Bank study concluded that the factory would not have a negative impact on the environment or tourism in either country. The paper mill started operating in November 2007 (see Pulp mill conflict between Argentina and Uruguay). [ Bloomberg. November 9 2007 [http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=a4skXHg_WRvQ "Metsae-Botnia Gets Permit From Uruguay to Start Pulp Production"] ]

Fray Bentos is also the original location of the main processing factory for the Liebig Extract of Meat Company. This led to their labelling of their pie range in the United Kingdom as "Fray Bentos" Pies. The original factory has been preserved as a museum.Fray Bentos pies are presently owned by the Campbell Soup Company. However, as ofJuly 12 2006, 'Campbells UK' was acquired by Premier Foods and subsequently the King's Lynn depot, where Fray Bentos pies are made, will be closed by December 2007 cite web| year = 2007 | url = http://news.independent.co.uk/business/news/article2169272.ece | title = Premier Foods to close two factories with loss of 450 jobs | publisher = The Independent | accessdate = January 20| accessyear = 2007] with production transferring to Premier's Long Sutton Factory.

Place in literature: Bordaberry on "Ireneo Funes" by J.L.Borges

The imaginary character Ireneo Funes, created by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges was from Fray Bentos.

Recent literary criticism by Pedro Bordaberry has explored the character's significance; Bordaberry has particularly discussed the "fraybentino" character in relation to the theme of the complexity of memory [ [http://www.montevideo.com.uy/notestaboca_nbordaberry_64402_1.html] ] .

References

External links

* [http://www.fbentos.com The night in Fray Bentos]
* [http://www.metsabotnia.com/en/Default.asp?Path=204;208;517 Botnia: Uruguay project]
* [http://www.pie-man.com/worldofpies/ask/bentos.htm Fray Bentos pies]
* [http://www.accuweather.com/world-forecast.asp?partner=accuweather&traveler=0&locCode=SAM|UY|UY012|FRAY%20BENTOS&metric=1 Weather Forecast Fray Bentos]
* [http://www.triperos.com Fray Bentos web site (in Spanish) including map and main contact information]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3JZBxx9Dk4 Short film showing facts and highlights of Fray Bentos "Bienvenidos a Fray Bentos"]


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  • Fray Bentos — Fray Bentos, ciudad uruguaya capital del departamento de Río Negro. Población: 23.000 habitantes. Ubicada sobre la margen este del Río Uruguay, cuenta con un puerto de aguas profundas y se encuentra unida a la ciudad argentina de Puerto Unzué por …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fray Bentos — (Independencia), Stadt im Depart. Rio Negro der Republik Uruguay, am linken Ufer des Uruguay, zweiter Hafen des Staates, dem Hafen von Gualeguaychú gegenüber, mit 5000 Einw. Nahebei liegt die 1864 von Giebert aus Hamburg gegründete großartige… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Fray Bentos — Original name in latin Fray Bentos Name in other language Frai Bentosas, Fraj Bentos, Fraj Bentos, Fray Bentos, Independencia, Villa Fray Bentos, Villa Independencia, Villa de Fray Bentos, fry bntws, fu lai ben tuo si, peulaibentoseu, Фрай Бентос …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Fray Bentos — ▪ Uruguay       city, western Uruguay. Founded in 1859, Fray Bentos became important when the first large scale meat packing plant in Uruguay was established there in 1861. The industry grew rapidly and, with the expansion of refrigeration and… …   Universalium

  • Fray Bentos — Sp Frái Beñtosas Ap Fray Bentos L Urugvajaus Rio Negro dep. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Fray Bentos — Fray Bẹntos   [fraj ], Hauptstadt des Departaments Río Negro, Uruguay, am unteren Río Uruguay, 20 400 Einwohner; Hafen, Brücke nach Argentinien; Fleischverarbeitung.   …   Universal-Lexikon


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