Sustainable urban infrastructure
Sustainable urban infrastructure is a term used to describe
infrastructurethat facilitates a place or regions progress towards the goal of sustainable living. Attention is paid to technological and government policywhich enables urban planningfor sustainable architectureand initiatives that promote sustainable agriculture.
In theory, a
sustainable designcan lead to the development of sustainable communities by ensuring that infrastructural knowledgemakes improvements that do not deplete natural resources. Consequently the transition and mass adoption of renewable resourcesfeatures heavily in a sustainable infrastructures.
designemphasis for a sustainable urban infrastructure is on localizationand sustainable living. The aim is to reduce individual's ecological footprintaccording to the principles of sustainable developmentin areas with a high population density.
The criteria for what can be included in this kind of urban environment varies from place to place, given differences in existing infrastructure and built form,
climateand availability of local resources or talents.
Generally speaking the following could be considered sustainable urban infrastructure:
Distributed generationand integrated energy demand managementinitiatives and programs
*high efficiency buildings and other development constraints such as only permitting the construction of
green buildings and sustainable habitats with energy-efficient landscaping.
*connected green spaces and
Low impact developmentpractices to protect water resources.
Merged from Sustainable municipal infrastructure
The term sustainable municipal infrastructure is used by the
Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Infrastructure Canada, National Research Council of Canada, and Canadian Public Works Associationto describe the goal of their FCM InfraGuideproject.
sustainabilityin municipal infrastructureespecially large scale urban infrastructure, they advocate environmental protocols and inclusion of ecological and social indicators and factors in decision makingat the earliest possible stage. There is little focus yet on sustainable rural infrastructurethough this is a stated goal of the project, as is spreading it to achieve rural developmentin developing nations.
In their view,
sustainabilityconcerns apply to all of "maintaining, repairing and upgrading the infrastructure that sustains our quality of life" including at least:
decision makingand investment planning
stormwaterand waste waterespecially minimizing the distance that such water travels to be treated and reused
roads and sidewalks and their integration with transitsystems to achieve smoother flow of people
environmental protocols and multi-discipline practices to ensure they are respected, e.g. green procurement.
These and other Canadian official entities including the
Auditor General of Canadaand Service Canadaare focused on related efforts such as municipal performance audits, information technologyand communications technology, moral purchasingand sharing of "data, information, common infrastructure, technology" and the need to "integrate their business processes" to further reduce duplication and waste, especially e-wasteand greenhouse gasemissions "a concern under Kyoto Protocoltargets that Canada has committed to achieve."
Communities of Tomorrow is a non-profit enterprise in Saskatchewan, Canada that fosters the development and commercialization of innovative sustainable infrastructure solutions for the global marketplace. Sustainable infrastructure is the development of water, sewer, roads, and other infrastructure systems that meet the needs of current and future generations in a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable manner. Communities of Tomorrow brings industry firms together with researchers to collaboratively develop new infrastructure solutions to existing or future problems with the ultimate goal to commercialize them. It’s about building greener and longer lasting infrastructure, such as roads and water systems, to offer the global marketplace.
Landscape urbanism[http://www.aaschool.ac.uk/lu AALU]
Sustainable urban drainage systems
* [http://www.postcarbon.org/node/4190 Cities can Save the Earth: the urban solution to climate change, species extinctions and peak oil]
* [http://www.nrtee-trnee.ca/eng/programs/Current_Programs/Gbudget/Budget2003/GB2003-Urban_E.htm Canada's National Round Table on the Environment and Economy suggestions re: sustainable urban infrastructure]
* [http://www.nrtee-trnee.ca/eng/programs/ArchivedPrograms/Sustainable_Cities/intropage.htm Canada's National Round Table on the Environment and Economy Sustainable Cities Initiative]
* [http://www.ctinfo.ca/ Communities of Tomorrow industry-research partnership in Regina, Canada]
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