Lea Valley Lines
Lea Valley Lines
A National Express branded class 317 at Edmonton Green.
Overview Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail System National Rail Status Operational Locale Greater London
East of England
London Liverpool Street
Stations 31 Services 5 Operation Owner Network Rail Operator(s) National Express East Anglia Depot(s) Ilford Rolling stock British Rail Class 315
British Rail Class 317
Technical No. of tracks 2-4 Track gauge Standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Electrification 25 kV 50hz AC Overhead lines Operating speed Below 75 mph (121 km/h) Route mapLegend Lea Valley LinesLegend West Anglia Main Line Cheshunt; 14m 01ch Cheshunt Jn 14m 28ch / 13m 71ch Theobalds Grove; 13m 45ch Waltham Cross; 12m 63ch M25 motorway Turkey Street; 12m 16ch Enfield Lock; 11m 65ch Carterhatch Lane Brimsdown; 10m 61ch Enfield Town; 10m 55ch Chingford; 10m 33ch Southbury; 10m 32ch Ponders End; 9m 71ch Bush Hill Park; 9m 69ch Bury Street Jn; 9m 20ch Highams Park; 8m 52ch Edmonton Green; 8m 45ch Formerly Lower Edmonton Lower Edmonton (Low Level) Silver Street; 7m 75ch Angel Road; 7m 57ch White Hart Lane; 7m 11ch Wood Street; 7m 07ch Northumberland Park; 6m 73ch Bruce Grove; 6m 28ch Tottenham Hale ; 6m 00ch Seven Sisters ; 5m 48ch Walthamstow Central ; 6m 16ch Palace Gates Line Seven Sisters Jn; 5m 40ch South Tottenham Gospel Oak to Barking Line Tottenham South Jn; 5m 41ch Stamford Hill; 5m 03ch St James Street; 5m 55ch Coppermill Jns; 4m 74ch Clapton Junction Hall Farm Junction Lea Bridge Jn Lea Bridge Stoke Newington; 4m 16ch Clapton; 3m 78ch Rectory Road; 3m 64ch Clapton Tunnel Queens Road; 3m 78ch Queens Road Tunnel Hackney Downs North Jn; 3m 04ch Hackney Downs; 2m 78ch Loughton Branch Jn Great Eastern Main Line North London Line Reading Lane Jn; 2m 55ch Stratford London Fields; 2m 35ch Cambridge Heath; 1m 61ch Bethnal Green North Jn; 1m 30ch Bethnal Green; 1m 10ch (GEML platforms closed) East London Line Bishopsgate Goods Bishopsgate Low Level 0m 00ch Liverpool Street ; 0m 00ch
The Lea Valley Lines are three commuter lines and two branches in North East London, so named because they run along the valley of the River Lea. They were operated for much of their history by the Great Eastern Railway.
The first section opened, by the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) on 20 June 1839 from the London end at Devonshire Street to Romford, extended on 1 July 1840 to Bishopsgate (London end) and Brentwood. The Northern and Eastern Railway (N&ER) opened its first section from the above line at Stratford to Broxbourne on 15 September 1840, and to Harlow in 1841; though it remained a separate entity the N&ER's line was leased to the EC from 1 January 1844. A branch from Broxbourne to Hertford was opened in 1843.
Enfield was reached on 1 March 1849 by a single-line branch from the N&ER at Angel Road via Lower Edmonton. The ECR was incorporated into the Great Eastern Railway (GER) in 1862. A shorter route to Edmonton was eventually provided by the GER in 1872, from Bethnal Green via Hackney Downs and Stoke Newington, which section opened on 27 May; the section via Seven Sisters and Lower Edmonton, at a new high-level station provided adjacent to the old, low-level station, opened on 22 July. The line from there to Enfield was doubled at the same time. The section of the old line between Angel Road and Lower Edmonton was closed to regular passenger trains in 1939, except for occasional diversionary traffic including the period in the 1950s when the rest of the local network was being electrified; the line closed completely in 1964 and the rails removed soon after.
Another branch divided off eastwards north of Hackney Downs to Walthamstow in 1870, extended to Chingford in 1873.
The final section built linked Lower Edmonton on the Enfield branch via Churchbury (later Southbury) with the Broxbourne line, meeting the latter at Cheshunt, opening on 1 October 1891; it was generally known as the Churchbury loop until the renaming of that station in 1960.
Route and services
- Via Tottenham Hale. This line also forms the lower part of the West Anglia Main Line to Cambridge.
- Via Seven Sisters. This line has a branch via Temple Mills at the southern end to Stratford, diverging just south of Seven Sisters. The line splits north of Edmonton Green with one short branch to Enfield Town and the Southbury Loop to Cheshunt, where it rejoins the Tottenham Hale line.
- To Chingford.
A minor service occurs running on from the Seven Sisters branch to Stratford via the Gospel Oak to Barking Line and the West Anglia Main Line. This is one of only two places on the Gospel Oak to Barking Line where it is electrified.
The line is double track for most of its length, with some multitrack between Hackney Downs and Liverpool Street. It is electrified at 25 kV AC using overhead line equipment and a line speed of between 40-75 mph except between Cheshunt and Coppermill junction where the linespeed is 60-85 mph. Different sections of the line have different loading gauges. Most of the line is W8, with the branches to Enfield Town and Chingford being W6 and the branch to Stratford being W9.
- ^ White, H.P. (1987). Thomas, David St John. ed. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain — Volume 3: Greater London (3rd ed.). Dawlish: David & Charles.
- ^ a b "Route 5 - West Anglia". Network Rail. 2009. http://www.networkrail.co.uk/browse%20documents/StrategicBusinessPlan/RoutePlans/2009/Route%205%20-%20West%20Anglia.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
Brown, Joe (2006). London Railway Atlas. ISBN 978-0-7110-3137-1.
Lea Valley Lines and Hertford East Branch Line Cheshunt via Southbury Chingford Enfield Town via Seven Sisters Hertford East via Tottenham Hale Railway lines in London Primary SecondaryBexleyheath Line · Brighton Main Line · Caterham Line · Chatham Main Line · Chiltern Main Line · Crossrail (under construction) · Dartford Loop Line · Hertford Loop Line · Lea Valley Lines · London to Aylesbury Line · London, Tilbury and Southend Line · North Kent Line · Oxted Line · Shepperton Branch Line · South Eastern Main Line · South Western Main Line · Sutton & Mole Valley Lines · Tattenham Corner Line · Thameslink · Watford DC Line · Waterloo to Reading Line · West Anglia Main Line LocalBromley North Line · Catford Loop Line · Chessington Branch Line · Chingford Branch Line · Dudding Hill Line · East London Line · Epsom Downs Branch · Gospel Oak to Barking Line · Greenford Branch Line · Greenwich Line · Nunhead to Lewisham Link · Hayes Line · Hounslow Loop Line · Kingston Loop Line · Mid-Kent Line · New North Main Line · North London Line · Northern City Line · Romford to Upminster Line · South London Line · West London Line Disused Railway lines in the East of England Primary Secondary LocalAbbey Line · Birmingham to Peterborough Line · Bittern Line · Braintree Branch Line · Breckland Line · Crouch Valley Line · East Suffolk Line · Ely to Peterborough Line · Felixstowe Branch Line · Fen Line · Gainsborough Line · Hertford East Branch Line · Hitchin–Cambridge Line · Ipswich to Ely Line · Marston Vale Line · Mayflower Line · Peterborough to Lincoln Line · Shenfield to Southend Line · Sunshine Coast Line · Wherry Lines
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