A Quality Circle is a
volunteergroup composed of workers (or even students) who meet to discuss workplace improvement, and make presentations to managementwith their ideas, especially relating to qualityof output in order to improve the performance of the organization, and motivate and enrich the work of employees. Typical topics are improving occupational safety and health, improving product design, and improvement in manufacturing process. The ideal size of a quality circle is from eight to ten members.
Quality circles have the advantage of continuity; the circle remains intact from project to project. (For a comparison to Quality Improvement Teams see Juran's "Quality by Design" ["Quality by Design", [Joseph M. Juran|
Quality circles were first established in
Japanin 1962, and Kaoru Ishikawahas been credited with their creation. The movement in Japan was coordinated by the Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers(JUSE).
The use of quality circles then spread beyond Japan. Quality circles have been implemented even in educational sectors in India and QCFI (Quality Circle Forum of India) is promoting such activities.
There are different quality circle tools, namely:
Ishikawa diagram- which shows hierarchies of causes contributing to a problem
Pareto Chart- which analyses different causes by frequency to illustrate the vital cause
Students Quality Circles
Students Quality Circles work on the philosophy of TQM. The idea of SQCs was presented by a school in Lucknow India in 1992. After seeing its utility, the visionary educationists from many countries started these circles. This is considered to be a co-curricular activity. Students Quality Circles have been established in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Mauratius etc
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