List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

Countries by carbon dioxide emissions via the burning of fossil fuels (blue the highest).
China CO2 emission in millions of metric tons from 1980 to 2009.

This is a list of sovereign states and territories by carbon dioxide emissions due to human activity. The data presented below corresponds to emissions in 2008. The data was collected by the CDIAC for the United Nations. The data only considers carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use such as deforestation. The top 10 countries in the world emit 67.07% of the world total.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Other powerful, more potent greenhouse gases are not included in this data, including methane.

Some dependencies and territories whose independence has not been generally recognized are also included as they are in the source data. Certain entities are mentioned here for purposes of comparison. These are indicated in italics and are not counted in the ordering of sovereign states. (See also: carbon cycle) On 6 October 2010, the International Energy Agency released its own data set (calculated using slightly different methods than CDIAC) for 2008 emissions that listed about 140 countries.[7]

Contents

List of countries by 2008 emissions

Rank Country Annual CO2 emissions[8][9]
(in thousands of metric tonnes)
Percentage of global total
 World 29,888,121 100%
1  China[10] 7,031,916 23.33%
2  United States 5,461,014 18.11%
-  European Union (27) 4,177,817.86[11] 14.04%
3  India 1,742,698 5.78%
4  Russia 1,708,653 5.67%
5  Japan 1,208,163 4.01%
6  Germany 786,660 2.61%
7  Canada 544,091 1.80%
8  Iran 538,404 1.79%
9  United Kingdom 522,856 1.73%
10  South Korea 509,170 1.69%
11  Mexico 475,834 1.58%
12  Italy[12] 445,119 1.48%
13  South Africa 435,878 1.45%
14  Saudi Arabia 433,557 1.44%
15  Indonesia 406,029 1.35%
16  Australia 399,219 1.32%
17  Brazil 393,220 1.30%
18  France[13] 376,986 1.25%
19  Spain 329,286 1.09%
20  Ukraine 323,532 1.07%
21  Poland 316,066 1.05%
22  Thailand 285,733 0.95%
23  Turkey 283,980 0.94%
24  Taiwan 258,599[14] 0.86%
25  Kazakhstan 236,954 0.79%
26  Egypt 210,321 0.70%
27  Malaysia 208,267 0.69%
28  Argentina 192,378 0.64%
29  Netherlands 173,750 0.58%
30  Venezuela 169,533 0.56%
31  Pakistan 163,178 0.54%
32  United Arab Emirates 155,066 0.51%
33  Vietnam 127,384 0.42%
34  Uzbekistan 124,905 0.41%
35  Czech Republic 116,996 0.39%
36  Algeria 111,304 0.37%
37  Belgium 104,880 0.35%
38  Iraq 102,936 0.34%
39  Greece 97,814 0.32%
40  Nigeria 95,756 0.32%
41  Romania 94,660 0.31%
42  Philippines 83,157 0.28%
43  North Korea 78,371 0.26%
44  Kuwait 76,743 0.25%
45  Chile 73,109 0.24%
46  Syria 71,598 0.24%
47  Qatar 68,478 0.23%
48  Austria 67,726 0.22%
49  Colombia 67,700 0.22%
50  Belarus 62,816 0.21%
51  Libya 58,331 0.19%
52  Finland 56,512 0.19%
53  Portugal 56,310 0.19%
54  Hungary 54,638 0.18%
55  Bulgaria 50,539 0.17%
56  Norway 49,920 0.17%
57  Serbia 49,934 0.17%
58  Trinidad and Tobago 49,772 0.17%
59  Sweden 49,050 0.16%
60  Morocco 47,906 0.16%
61  Turkmenistan 47,840 0.16%
62  Azerbaijan 47,139 0.16%
63  Bangladesh 46,527 0.15%
64  Denmark 46,025 0.15%
65  Oman 45,749 0.15%
66  Ireland 43,604 0.14%
67  Peru 40,535 0.13%
68  Switzerland 40,392 0.13%
69  Hong Kong 38,573 0.13%
70  Israel 37,664 0.12%
71  Slovakia 37,557 0.12%
72  New Zealand 33,095 0.11%
73  Singapore 32,295 0.11%
74  Cuba 31,419 0.10%
75  Bosnia and Herzegovina 31,276 0.10%
76  Ecuador 26,826 0.09%
77  Tunisia 25,013 0.08%
78  Angola 24,371 0.08%
79  Yemen 23,384 0.08%
80  Croatia 23,304 0.08%
81  Bahrain 22,479 0.07%
82  Dominican Republic 21,617 0.07%
83  Jordan 21,382 0.07%
84  Estonia 18,291 0.06%
85  Slovenia 17,158 0.06%
86  Lebanon 17,099 0.06%
87  Lithuania 15,130 0.05%
88  Sudan 14,052 0.05%
89  Bolivia 12,835 0.04%
90  Myanmar 12,776 0.04%
91  Jamaica 12,204 0.04%
92  Guatemala 11,914 0.04%
93  Macedonia 11,815 0.04%
94  Sri Lanka 11,764 0.04%
95  Mongolia 10,895 0.04%
96  Brunei 10,594 0.04%
97  Luxembourg 10,502 0.03%
98  Kenya 10,392 0.03%
99  Zimbabwe 9,076 0.03%
100  Honduras 8,672 0.03%
101  Ghana 8,592 0.03%
102  Cyprus 8,328 0.03%
103  Uruguay 8,328 0.03%
104  Costa Rica 8,016 0.03%
105  Latvia 7,591 0.03%
106  Ethiopia 7,107 0.02%
107  Côte d'Ivoire 7,015 0.02%
108  Panama 6,912 0.02%
109  Tanzania 6,465 0.02%
110  Netherlands Antilles 6,219 0.02%
111  Kyrgyzstan 6,208 0.02%
112  El Salvador 6,113 0.02%
113  Armenia 5,548 0.02%
114  Cameroon 5,302 0.02%
115  Georgia 5,203 0.02%
116  Senegal 4,976 0.02%
117  Botswana 4,840 0.02%
118  Equatorial Guinea 4,815 0.02%
119  Moldova 4,774 0.02%
120  Cambodia 4,602 0.02%
121  Nicaragua 4,331 0.01%
123  Albania 4,117 0.01%
124  Paraguay 4,118 0.01%
125  Benin 4,067 0.01%
126  Namibia 3,968 0.01%
127  Mauritius 3,953 0.01%
128  Uganda 3,748 0.01%
129  Nepal 3,542 0.01%
130  New Caledonia 3,150 0.01%
131  Tajikistan 3,146 0.01%
132  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,816 0.01%
133  Réunion 2,816 0.01%
134  Malta 2,560 0.01%
135  Gabon 2,472 0.01%
136  Suriname 2,439 0.01%
137  Haiti 2,435 0.01%
138  Mozambique 2,314 0.01%
139  Aruba 2,288 0.01%
140  Iceland 2,230 0.01%
141  Guadeloupe 2,200 0.01%
142  Bahamas 2,156 0.01%
143  Papua New Guinea 2,109 0.01%
144  Palestinian territories 2,057 0.01%
145  Mauritania 1,999 0.01%
146  Montenegro 1,951 0.01%
147  Republic of the Congo 1,936 0.01%
148  Martinique 1,918 0.01%
149  Madagascar 1,911 0.01%
150  Zambia 1,889 0.01%
151  Burkina Faso 1,856 0.01%
152  Laos 1,533 0.01%
153  Guyana 1,525 0.01%
154  Togo 1,419 < 0.01%
155  Guinea 1,393 < 0.01%
156  Barbados 1,353 < 0.01%
157  Macau 1,335 < 0.01%
158  Sierra Leone 1,335 < 0.01%
159  Fiji 1,254 < 0.01%
160  Malawi 1,228 < 0.01%
161  Swaziland 1,093 < 0.01%
162  Maldives 920 < 0.01%
163  French Guiana 913 < 0.01%
164  French Polynesia 891 < 0.01%
165  Niger 851 < 0.01%
166  Afghanistan 814 < 0.01%
167  Bhutan 733 < 0.01%
168  Faroe Islands 708 < 0.01%
169  Rwanda 704 < 0.01%
170  Seychelles 682 < 0.01%
171  Somalia 649 < 0.01%
172  Liberia 609 < 0.01%
173  Mali 594 < 0.01%
174  Greenland 576 < 0.01%
175  Cayman Islands 557 < 0.01%
176  Andorra 539 < 0.01%
177  Djibouti 524 < 0.01%
178  Chad 495 < 0.01%
179  Antigua and Barbuda 447 < 0.01%
180  Belize 425 < 0.01%
181  Gibraltar 422 < 0.01%
182  Eritrea 414 < 0.01%
183  Gambia 411 < 0.01%
184  Saint Lucia 396 < 0.01%
185  Bermuda 389 < 0.01%
186  Cape Verde 308 < 0.01%
187  Guinea-Bissau 282 < 0.01%
188  Central African Republic 260 < 0.01%
189  Saint Kitts and Nevis 249 < 0.01%
190  Grenada 246 < 0.01%
191  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 238 < 0.01%
192  Palau 213 < 0.01%
193  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 202 < 0.01%
194  Solomon Islands 198 < 0.01%
195  Timor-Leste 191 < 0.01%
196  Burundi 180 < 0.01%
197  Tonga 176 < 0.01%
198  Samoa 161 < 0.01%
199  Turks and Caicos Islands 158 < 0.01%
200  Nauru 143 < 0.01%
201  Dominica 128 < 0.01%
202  São Tomé and Príncipe 128 < 0.01%
203  Comoros 125 < 0.01%
204  British Virgin Islands 103 < 0.01%
205  Marshall Islands 99 < 0.01%
206  Vanuatu 92 < 0.01%
207  Montserrat 77 < 0.01%
208  Cook Islands 70 < 0.01%
209  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 66 < 0.01%
210  Federated States of Micronesia 62 < 0.01%
211  Anguilla 59 < 0.01%
212  Falkland Islands 59 < 0.01%
213  Kiribati 29 < 0.01%
214  Wallis and Futuna 22 < 0.01%
215  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 11 < 0.01%
216  Niue 4 < 0.01%

See also

USGS - Volcano Hazards Program Information - http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/hazards/gas/index.php "Volcanoes release more than 130 million tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere every year."

Notes and references

  1. ^ "China now no. 1 in CO2 emissions; USA in second position". Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. http://www.mnp.nl/en/dossiers/Climatechange/moreinfo/Chinanowno1inCO2emissionsUSAinsecondposition.html. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 
  2. ^ "China Overtakes U.S. as No. 1 Emitter of Carbon Dioxide". Sci-Tech Today. 2006-06-21. http://www.sci-tech-today.com/news/China-No--1-Emitter-of-Carbon-Dioxide/story.xhtml?story_id=111006822NEU. 
  3. ^ "Greenhouse Gas Emissions Rise in China". NPR. 2008-03-14. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=88251868. 
  4. ^ "China CO2 Emissions Growing Faster Than Anticipated". National Geographic. 2008-03-18. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/03/080318-china-warming.html. 
  5. ^ "Forecasting the Path of China’s CO2 Emissions Using Province Level Information". Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UCB. CUDARE Working Paper 97. 2008-03-14. http://repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1050&context=are_ucb. 
  6. ^ "China Passes U.S., Leads World in Power Sector Carbon Emissions - CGD". Center for Global Development. 2008-08-27. http://www.cgdev.org/content/article/detail/16578/. 
  7. ^ CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion - Highlights, International Energy Agency website, retrieved 2010-10-06.
  8. ^ United Nations Statistics Division, Millennium Development Goals indicators: Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), thousand metric tonnes of CO2 (collected by CDIAC)
  9. ^ Human-produced, direct emissions of carbon dioxide only. Excludes other greenhouse gases; land-use, land-use-change and forestry (LULUCF); and natural background flows of CO2 (See also: Carbon cycle)
  10. ^ excluding Taiwan, Macau and Hong Kong
  11. ^ UNFCCC Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data - Detailed data by Party
  12. ^ including San Marino
  13. ^ Including Monaco
  14. ^ CDIAC: Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions by Nation

External links

The contents of this article comes from the latest figures from the millennium indicators as of 2009-07-14:


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