Borders of Mygdonia with Chalcidice

Mygdonia (Greek: "Μυγδονία") was an ancient territory, part of Ancient Thrace, later conquered by Macedon, which comprised the plains around Therma (Thessalonica) together with the valleys of Klisali and Besikia, including the area of the Axios river mouth and extending as far east as Lake Bolbe. To the north it was joined by Crestonia. The Echeidorus, which flowed into the Thermaic Gulf near the marshes of the Axios, had its sources in Crestonia. The pass of Aulon or Arethusa was probably the boundary of Mygdonia towards Bisaltia. The maritime part of Mygdonia formed a district called Amphaxitis, a distinction which first occurs in Polybius, who divides all the great plain at the head of the Thermaic gulf into Amphaxitis and Bottiaea, and which is found three centuries later in Ptolemy. The latter introduces Amphaxitis twice under the subdivisions of Macedonia---in one instance placing the mouths of the Echidorus and Axios in Amphaxitis, and mentioning Thessalonica as the only town in the district, which agrees with Polybius and with Strabo. In another place Ptolemy includes Stageira and Arethusa in Amphaxitis, which, if correct, would indicate that a portion of Amphaxitis, very distant from the Axios, was separated from the remainder by a part of Mygdonia; but since this is improbable, the word is perhaps an error of the text.

The main cities of Mygdonia were Therma (Thessalonica), Sindus, Chalastra, Altus, Strepsa, Cissus, Mellisurgis (today, Mellisourgós), and Heracleustes. The town of Apollonia was visited by the apostle Paul. Besides these, the following obscure towns occur in Ptolemy: Chaetae, Moryllus, Antigoneia (which actually refers to Antigonia Psaphara in the Chalcidice[1]), Calindaea, Boerus, Physca, Trepilus, Carabia, Xylopolis, Assorus, Lete, Phileres, Dicaea, Aeneia and Arethusa .

The area has been inhabitied since the Mesolithic era (9000-7000 BC). Early inhabitants probably were the Pelasgians, followed by the Mygdones, who gave their name to the region. The Mygdones may have been a Brigian or Thracian tribe.[2] Paeonians and also Thracians (in particular, the Edonians) ruled and inhabited the region for a time, until it was annexed to Macedon. Today, most of Mygdonia is comprehended within the Thessaloniki prefecture [1], in Greece.

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  • Mygdonia — MYGDONIA, æ, ein Beynamen der Ceres. Valer. Flacc. l. II. v. 46. Sie hat ihn von dem Lande Mygdonia, welches ein Stück von Phrygien ist, woselbst sie geboren war, und gar sonderbar verehret wurde. Gyrald. Synt. IV. p. 148. & Voss. Theol gent. l.… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • MYGDONIA — regio Macedoniae in Thraciam vergens, inter Axium, et Strymonem fluv. Plin. l. 4. c. 10. Populi Mygdones, qui in Asiam transgressi, in ea parte Mysiae consederunt, quae Troadi superiacet, Rhyndaco amni, et Dascylitico lacui propinqua, eamque… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Mygdonĭa — Mygdonĭa, 1) Landschaft in Macedonien; begriff früher alles am Axios gelegene macedonische Land u. die Provinzen Paraxia (Amphaxitis), Krestonia, Anthemus; später nur die zwischen Päonia u. Amphaxitis am Axios gelegene Provinz, mit der Stadt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mygdonia — Mygdonia, Provinz des alten Macedonien am Flusse Axios; Landschaft in Phrygien; der nordöstl. Theil Mesopotamiens am Nisibis; Name Bithyniens …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Mygdonia, Thessaloniki — Mygdonia Μυγδονία Location …   Wikipedia

  • Mygdonia (disambiguation) — Mygdonia (Greek: Μυγδονία) can refer to: Mygdonia was a district of ancient Macedon Mygdonia was an ancient region in Asia Minor Mygdonia, according to John Tzetzes, was the original name of the Thracian city of Perinthus Antiochia Mygdonia, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Eunica mygdonia — Eunica mygdonia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Altus (Mygdonia) — Altus (Greek: polytonic|Άλτός), was a fortress town in Mygdonia near Therma (later Thessaloniki). The town is mentioned by Stephanus of Byzantium ( s.v. ) and Theagenes of Macedon.References*John Cramer, A Geographic and Historical Description of …   Wikipedia

  • Cissus (Mygdonia) — For other uses, see Cissus (disambiguation). Cissus or Kissos (Ancient Greek: Κισσός , Modern Greek Chortiatis[1]), was a town and mountain[2] of Amphaxitis[3], Macedon, not far from Rhaecelus, which appears to have been the name of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollonia (Mygdonia) — For other uses, see Apollonia Apollonia (Greek: polytonic|Ἀπολλωνία) was a town of Mygdonia in Macedonia, south of the lake Bolbe (Athen. viii. p. 334, e.), and north of the Chalcidian mountains, on the road from Thessalonica to Amphipolis, as we …   Wikipedia

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