Huldah was a
prophetessmentioned briefly in II Kings, Chapter 22, and Books of Chronicles2, Chapter 34. She is approached by Hilkiahtogether with Ahikam, Acbor, Shaphanand Asaiahto give the Lord`s opinion after a book of the Law is rediscovered. She was the wife of Shallum, son of Tokhath(also called Tikvah), son of Harhas(also called Hasrah), keeper of the wardrobe. She lived in Jerusalem, in the Second District.
Deborahwere the principal professed prophetesses in the Nevi'im(Prophets) portion of the Hebrew Bible, although other women were indicated as prophetesses. "Huldah" means "weasel," and "Deborah" means "bee" or "wasp."
Huldah in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Biblerecounts the consulting of Huldah as follows:
:And the King commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Miciah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asiah the King's servant, saying,
:Go ye, inquire of the Lord for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found, for great is the wrath of the Lord that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according unto all that which is written concerning us.
:So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asaiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe -- now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the second quarter -- and they spoke with her.
:And she said unto them: Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel: Tell ye the man that sent you unto me:
:Thus saith the Lord: Behold, I will bring evil upon this place and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the king of Judah hath read. (II Kings 22:13-16)
Huldah, after authenticating the book and prophesying a future of destruction for failure to follow it, ends by reassuring King
Josiahthat because of his piety, God has heard his prayer and "thou shalt be gathered unto thy grave in peace, neither shall thy eyes see all the evil which I shall bring upon this place." (II Kings 22:20).
Huldah appears in the
Hebrew Bibleonly in nine verses, II Kings 22:13-20, II Chronicles 34:22-28. This short narrative is sufficient to make clear that Huldah was regarded as a prophetess accustomed to speaking the word of God directly to high priests and royal officials, to whom high officials came in supplication, who told kings and nations of their fates, who had the authority to determine what was and was not the genuine Law, and who spoke in a manner of stern command when acting as a prophetess. Nonetheless the Bible does not offer the sort of background information it typically does with other pivotal prophets. Indeed, we are left knowing more about her husband's background than we know of hers, and the little information we know of her personally is largely in relation to her husband.
Huldah in rabbinic literature
According to Rabbinic interpretation, Huldah said to the messengers of King Josiah, "Tell the man that sent you to me," etc. (II Kings xxii. 15), indicating by her unceremonious language that for her Josiah was like any other man. The king addressed her, and not Jeremiah, because he thought that women are more easily stirred to pity than men, and that therefore the prophetess would be more likely than Jeremiah to intercede with God in his behalf (Meg. 14a, b; comp. Seder 'Olam R. xxi.). Huldah was a relative of Jeremiah, both being descendants of Rahab by her marriage with Joshua (Sifre, Num. 78; Meg. 14a, b). While Jeremiah admonished and preached repentance to the men, she did the same to the women (Pesiḳ. R. 26 [ed. Friedmann, p. 129] ). Huldah was not only a prophetess, but taught publicly in the school (Targ. to II Kings xxii. 14), according to some teaching especially the oral doctrine. It is doubtful whether "the Gate of Huldah" in the Second Temple (Mid. i. 3) has any connection with the prophetess Huldah; it may have meant "Cat's Gate"; some scholars, however, associate the gate with Huldah's schoolhouse (Rashi to Kings l.c.).E. C. L. G.
The book that Huldah authenticated
Rabbinic sources such as
Rashiexplain that it was the original Torahwritten by Mosesthat was hidden from Ahaz. Modern critical scholars suggest that the book of the law was most likely Deuteronomy.
[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=955&letter=H&search=Huldah "Huldah", "The Jewish Encyclopedia"] (Article in 1903 public domain Jewish Encyclopedia).
Animal names as first names in Hebrew
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HULDAH — (Heb. חֻלְדָּה; weasel ), wife of Shallum son of Tikvah, the wardrobe keeper of the king; one of the five women in the Bible referred to as nevi ah, female prophet ) and the only woman prophet in the book of Kings (II Kings 22:14–20). She was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤULDAH — (Heb. חֻלְדָּה), kibbutz in the Judean foothills, 7½ mi. (12 km.) S.E. of Reḥovot, affiliated with Iḥud ha Kevuẓot veha Kibbutzim. It was established in 1909 on one of the first plots of land acquired by the Jewish National Fund (1907). Initially … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Huldah — noun a) A prophetess. b) in occasional use … Wiktionary
Huldah — Weasel, a prophetess; the wife of Shallum. She was consulted regarding the book of the law discovered by the high priest Hilkiah (2 Kings 22:14 20; 2 Chr. 34:22 28). She resided in that part of Jerusalem called the Mishneh (A.V., the college;… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Huldah — (fl. 7th cent BCE) Israelite prophetess. She is the only prophetess mentioned in the biblical account of the period of the monarchy (II Kings 22:14 20). She prophesied God s judgement on the nation after Josiah s death … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Huldah — A prophetess (2 Kgs. 22:14) who advised King Josiah that the book of the law discovered in the Temple was genuine and that its provisions ought to be obeyed … Dictionary of the Bible
Huldah Gates — The Huldah Gates are the two sets of now blocked gates in the south wall of the Temple Mount, which is also one of Jerusalem s Old City walls. The western set is a double arched gate (the double gate ), and the eastern is a triple arched gate… … Wikipedia
HOLDA vel HULDAH — HOLDA, vel HULDAH nomen viri. 1. Paral. c. 27. v. 15. Item Prophetis, uxor Sellum. 2. Reg. c. 22. v. 14 … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
RAT — (Heb. חֹלֶד, ḥoled, mod. Heb. חֻלְדָּה, ḥuldah, JPS and AV weasel ), rodent. Two species of rat are found in Israel, Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus. The second only reached the country in approximately the 18th century. Ḥuldah occurs as the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Northwest University (United States) — For other universities with a similar name, see Northwest University. Northwest University Motto Carry the Call: Heart, Head, Hand Established 1934 … Wikipedia