Clementon, New Jersey

Clementon, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Clementon Borough highlighted in Camden County
Census Bureau map of Clementon, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°48′15″N 74°59′08″W / 39.80417°N 74.98556°W / 39.80417; -74.98556Coordinates: 39°48′15″N 74°59′08″W / 39.80417°N 74.98556°W / 39.80417; -74.98556
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated March 17, 1925
Government
 - Type Borough (New Jersey)
 - Mayor Mark E. Armbruster[1]
Area
 - Total 1.9 sq mi (5.0 km2)
 - Land 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation[2] 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
 - Total 5,000
 - Density 2,631.6/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08021
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 34-13420[4][5]
GNIS feature ID 0885186[6]
Website http://www.clementonborough.com

Clementon is a Borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough population was 5,000.

Around 1800, Jonathon Haines built a glass factory in what is now present day Clementon, situated on a large hill across the street from the modern day Clementon Park. Large amounts of dirt gravel and marl from the large hill the glass works were situated on were removed for use at a planned new Post office in 1961. Sometime around 1811, Samuel Clement of Haddonfield purchased the glass works and named them the Gloucester Glass works, and named the small settlement around the plant as Clementon village. Haines remained as a superintendent and at some point repurchased the works from Clement. The Borough of Clementon was created on February 13, 1925, from Clementon Township, one of nine municipalities created from the now-defunct township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 17, 1925.[7]

Contents

Geography

Clementon is located at 39°48′21″N 74°59′03″W / 39.805847°N 74.984218°W / 39.805847; -74.984218 (39.805847, -74.984218).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which, 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (3.08%) is water.

It is on Clementon Lake and the Clementon Amusement Park is located here. The amusement park was home to the Jack Rabbit a wooden roller coaster constructed in 1919 by the Philadelphia Toboggan Company. Though quite tame in comparison to modern steel coasters, it remained popular with park visitors. By 2004, it was one of the oldest remaining coasters in the country, but it had no longer been in use since 2002 and was to be demolished unless a buyer could be found for it.[9]

Clementon borders Lindenwold, Pine Hill, Pine Valley, and Berlin Borough.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 2,605
1940 2,866 10.0%
1950 3,191 11.3%
1960 3,766 18.0%
1970 4,492 19.3%
1980 5,764 28.3%
1990 5,601 −2.8%
2000 4,986 −11.0%
2010 5,000 0.3%
Population sources:
1930 - 1990[10] 2000[11] 2010[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there are 4,986 people, 1,978 households, and 1,246 families residing in the borough. The population density is 2,636.3 people per square mile (1,018.6/km2). There are 2,206 housing units at an average density of 1,166.4 per square mile (450.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough is 82.23% Caucasian, 11.57% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 2.35% from other races, and 2.53% from two or more races. 4.13% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.[11]

There are 1,978 households out of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% are married couples living together, 15.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% are non-families. 29.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.52 and the average family size is 3.13.[11]

In the borough the population is spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.5 males.[11]

The median income for a household in the borough is $42,207, and the median income for a family is $50,963. Males have a median income of $33,879 versus $29,777 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $18,510. 11.4% of the population and 9.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.6% of those under the age of 18 and 14.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.[11]

Government

Local government

Clementon operates under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. This form of government provides for a mayor and a six-member council, elected at large in partisan elections at the November general election. The mayor serves for four years, while council members serve three-year staggered terms of office, with two council seats coming up for election each year.[12] The mayor presides at council meetings. A council president is selected annually from among their own members by the council and presides in the absence of the mayor. The council has all executive responsibilities not specifically assigned to the mayor.

As of 2011, the Mayor of the Borough of Clementon is Mark E. Armbruster. Members of the Clementon Borough Council are President Carol Andrews, Eva Busch, Doreen Closs, Dave Cornwell, William Dougherty and Thomas Weaver[13]

Federal, state and county representation

Clementon is in the 1st Congressional district and is part of New Jersey's 4th state legislative district.[14] The legislative district was kept unchanged by the New Jersey Apportionment Commission based on the results of the 2010 Census.[3]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

4th district of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Fred H. Madden (D, Washington Township) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Domenick DiCicco (R, Franklin Township) and Paul Moriarty (D, Washington Township).[15] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[16] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[17]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members elected at-large to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[18] As of 2011, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2011)[19], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2013)[20], Riletta L. Cream (Camden, 2011)[21], Rodney A. Greco (Gloucester Township, 2012)[22], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2012)[23], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2012)[24] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2013).[25][26][27][28]

Education

The Clementon School District serves public school students in pre-school through eighth grade. Clementon Elementary School had an enrollment of 509 students as of the 2009-10 school year.[29]

Public school students attend Overbrook High School in Pine Hill for grades 9-12 as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Pine Hill Schools. The high school also serves the community of Berlin Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[30]

Transportation

New Jersey Transit local bus service to Philadelphia is provided on the 403 route and to Atlantic City on the 554 routes.[31]

References

  1. ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 19, 2011.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Clementon, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed January 4, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c 2011 Apportionment Redistricting: Municipalities sorted alphabetically, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed July 17, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 104.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Staff. "High on Tsunami", Courier Post, May 31, 2004. Accessed July 19, 2011. "Meanwhile, the park's original wooden coaster, the Jack Rabbit, one of the oldest wooden coasters in the country, is mothballed with no plans for its return.... Jack Rabbit, built in 1919, last ran in 2002. The old coaster eventually will be torn down."
  10. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 6, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights: Clementon borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2011.
  12. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 24.
  13. ^ Mayor & Council, Borough of Clementon. Accessed July 19, 2011.
  14. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 56. Accessed July 17, 2011.
  15. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  16. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  17. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  18. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  19. ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  20. ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  21. ^ Riletta L. Cream, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  22. ^ Rodney A. Greco, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  23. ^ Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  24. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  25. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  26. ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  27. ^ "Louis Cappelli Jr. and Edward McDonnell re-elected to leadership posts on Camden County Freeholder Board at Today’s Reorganization Meeting", Camden County, New Jersey press release dated January 5, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  28. ^ Osborne, James. "Democrats retain hold on Camden County freeholder board", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 3, 2010. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  29. ^ Data for the Clementon School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 19, 2011.
  30. ^ Superintendent's Message, Pine Hill Schools, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 3, 2009. Accessed July 19, 2011. "Our facilities consist of the Overbrook High School (with the attendance area encompassing the communities of Pine Hill, Clementon, and Berlin Township), Pine Hill Middle School, Dr. Albert Bean Elementary School, and John Glenn Elementary School."
  31. ^ Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 19, 2011.

External links


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