Gamboge

Gamboge (pronounced /ɡæmˈboʊʒ/ gam-bozh, /ɡæmˈboʊdʒ/ gam-bohj or /ɡæmˈbuːʒ/ gam-boozh)[1] is a partially transparent dark mustard yellow pigment.[Note 1]

Gamboge is most often extracted by tapping resin from various species of evergreen trees of the family Guttiferae (also known as Clusiaceae), most often of the gamboge tree (genus Garcinia), including G. hanburyi (Cambodia and Thailand), G. morella (India and Sri Lanka), and G. elliptica and G. heterandra (Myanmar);[2] the orange fruit of Garcinia gummi-gutta (formerly called G. cambogia) is also known as gamboge[3] or gambooge.

The trees must be ten years old before they are tapped.[4] The resin is extracted by making spiral incisions in the bark, and by breaking off leaves and shoots and letting the milky yellow resinous gum drip out. The resulting latex is collected in hollow bamboo canes.[2] After the resin is congealed, the bamboo is broken away and large rods of raw gamboge remain.

The first recorded use of gamboge as a color name in English was in 1634. [5] It is used to dye Buddhist monks' robes.[6][7]

Contents

Etymology of gamboge

The word gamboge comes from gambogium, the Latin word for the pigment, which derives from Gambogia, the Latin word for Cambodia.[8]

New gamboge

New gamboge is synthetic yellow pigment. The pigment has a color similar to that of natural gamboge.[9]

Notes

  1. ^ Other forms and spellings are: cambodia, cambogium, camboge, cambugium, gambaugium, gambogia, gambozia, gamboidea, gambogium, gumbouge, gambouge, gamboge, gambooge, gambugia. (Oxford English Dictionary)

References

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. (1989)
  2. ^ a b Nicholas Eastaugh, Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin, and Ruth Siddall (2004). The Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments. Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0750657499. http://books.google.com/?id=TKFiYsc_xOAC&pg=PA164&dq=%22Garcinia+hanburyi%22+gambogia. 
  3. ^ "Gamboge: Garcinia cambogia". Asia Food. http://www.asiafood.org/glossary_2.cfm?wordid=2651. 
  4. ^ Grieve, Maud; Leyel, C. F. (1971). A Modern Herbal (illustrated ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 341. ISBN 0486227987. http://books.google.com/?id=tLWve-VvBLoC. Retrieved 2009-03-03 
  5. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930--McGraw Hill Page 195; Color Sample of Gamboge: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample K6
  6. ^ Hanelt, Peter (11 May 2001). "Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: (Except Ornamentals)". Springer. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=10IMFSavIMsC&pg=PA1352&lpg=PA1352&dq=gamboge+buddhist&source=bl&ots=7FcNx_KZ9_&sig=vucxV8BOgf--_V52eAH81Wl6yI4&hl=en&ei=4NU_TsznE8-XhQeT2smfAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=gamboge%20buddhist&f=false. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  7. ^ [|Lewington, Anna] (1990). "Recreation-Plants that entertain us". Plants for people. London: Natural History Museum Publications. p. 206. ISBN 0-565-01094-8. 
  8. ^ Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachuetts, U.S.A.:1984--Merriam-Webster Page 504
  9. ^ Winsor & Newton® [1]

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gamboge — Gam*boge , n. A concrete juice, or gum resin, produced by several species of trees in Siam, Ceylon, and Malabar. It is brought in masses, or cylindrical rolls, from Cambodia, or Cambogia, whence its name. The best kind is of a dense, compact… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gamboge — [gam′bōj′, gam′bo͞oj′, gambo͞ozh′] n. [ModL gambogium, after CAMBODIA, where first obtained] a gum resin obtained from a tropical Asian tree (Garcinia hanburyi) of the Saint John s wort family, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic …   English World dictionary

  • Gamboge — Gummigutta (auch Gamboge, Gummigutt, Gutti, lat. gummiresina guttae, trivial Kaisergelb) bezeichnet ein Gummiharz und den daraus gewonnenen dunkelsenfgelben Pflanzenfarbstoff. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Gewinnung 3 Eigenschaften 4 Verwendung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gamboge — gambogian, adj. /gam bohj , boohzh /, n. 1. Also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp. G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic. 2. yellow or yellow orange. [1625 35; < NL gambog (s. of… …   Universalium

  • gamboge — dažinė garcinija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Kliuzijinių šeimos dažinis, kaučiukinis, vaistinis augalas (Garcinia hanburyi), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Garcinia hanburyi angl. gamboge; Siam gamboge vok. Gummi gutti… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • gamboge — 1. noun a) A tree found in Cambodia. b) Resin of the gamboge tree. Syn: cambogia 2. adjective Of a deep yellow colour …   Wiktionary

  • gamboge — gumigutas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Garcinia genties medžių sutirštėjusios sultys. atitikmenys: angl. gamboge rus. гуммигут …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • gamboge — noun Etymology: New Latin gambogium, alteration of cambugium, from or akin to Portuguese Camboja Cambodia Date: 1712 1. an orange to brown gum resin from southeast Asian trees (genus Garcinia) of the Saint John s wort family that is used as a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gamboge — Гуммигут …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • gamboge — gam·boge gam bōj, büzh n an orange to brown gum resin from southeast Asian trees (genus Garcinia of the family Guttiferae) that is used as a yellow pigment and cathartic called also cambogia …   Medical dictionary


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