1914 Atlantic hurricane season
Infobox hurricane season
Track=1914 Atlantic hurricane season map.png
First storm formed=
September 14, 1914
Last storm dissipated=
September 19, 1914
Strongest storm name=#1 - 70 mph (110 km/h) - 1004 mbar cite web|author=HURDAT|title=Storm 1 Center Fixes|year=1914|publisher=HURDAT|accessdate=2008-01-18|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/excelfiles_centerfix/191401.xls]
Total storms=1 (record low)
five seasons=1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916The 1914 Atlantic hurricane season was the least active Atlantic hurricane season on record, in which the season lasted for only 5 days. Although the season normally runs through the summer and the first half of fall, actual activity in the season was confined to the middle of September. The season produced one tropical storm that reached a peak intensity of 70 mph (110 km/h). The 1914 season is one of only two hurricane seasons on record that did not produce any
hurricanes, the other being the 1907 season. Due to lack of satellite imagery or a reconnaissance aircraft, it is possible that there were two undetected storms in the Atlantic; both were declared extratropical.
The 1914 season produced one
tropical stormthat persisted from September 14–19, 1914, making it the least active Atlantic hurricane season on record. Only one storm formed in the year; two other possible tropical storms persisted but were later classified as extratropical.
Tropical Storm One
Infobox Hurricane Small
Pressure=1004A tropical wave was indicated off the
Floridacoast on September 13by Historical Weather Maps and the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set Project, though no gale-force winds were reported. The system organized, and formed to the east of the Floridacoast as a tropical storm on September 14. It slowly tracked westward, and reached its peak intensity of 70 mph(110 km/h) on September 17, with a minimal pressure of 1004 mbar.cite web|author=HURDAT|title=HURDAT Archive on Tropical Storm One|year=1914|publisher=HURDAT|accessdate=2008-01-18|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/easyhurdat_5105.html#1914_1] Soon after reaching its peak intensity, the storm made landfall in Georgia on September 17, and tracked westward through the Gulf Coastregion of the United States. The storm weakened over land as it tracked west-southwestward and dissipated over Louisianaand Texasat around 1200 UTCof September 19.cite web|author=Edward H. Bowie|title=1914 Monthly Weather Review|year=1914|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2008-01-18|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1914.pdf] COADS reported that Tropical Storm One had dissipated on September 20while over land.
Winds over the South Atlantic coast were at gale-force, with some higher wind gusts off the Georgia coast. The storm produced rain throughout the southeast Atlantic and Gulf Coast states.
Miami, Floridareported rainfall of 1/8 of an inch, and Cape Canaveralreported rainfalls of over ½ inch on September 16. On Wednesday, September 16, The Miami Herald reported that tides were high enough to flood the South Street Causeway near St. Augustine, Florida. Many dead grasses and marshes were blown throughout the city of Miami. No severe damage was reported in the area as a result of prior warnings to boatmen, and to coastal areas. cite web|author=HURDAT|title=additional 1914/01 - REVISION|year=1914|publisher=HURDAT|accessdate=2008-01-18|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/metadata_master.html#1914_]
The storm caused unknown damage outside of St. Augustine, Florida, and there were no reported fatalities. [http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1914.pdf 1914 Atlantic Monthly Weather Review] ]
The first of the two possible storms began as a baroclinic low, which formed in the
Gulf of Mexicoon September 28. The next day, a possible low-level center was forming and winds were reported of about 45 mph (70 km/h) from Pensacola. The storm disappeared on October 2over land. The storm kept its baroclinic characteristics, classifying it as an extratropical storm.
A second tropical storm may have formed on
October 24in the western Gulf of Mexico. Historical Weather Maps and Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Setindicated that it may have been a separate center from a possible nearby tropical depression. The lowest pressure in the system found was 1004 mbar, but the peak winds were only 25 mph (40 km/h) due to lack of low pressure. On October 27, it degenerated into a tropical low pressure area off the Carolinas. Overall it remained extratropical.
Accumulated cyclone energy
This season had the lowest ACE rating ever recorded. The only storm this season had an ACE of 2.53.cite web|author=HURDAT|title=Accumulated Cyclone Energy list|year=1914|publisher=HURDAT|accessdate=2008-01-18|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/Data_Storm.html] The ACE is, broadly speaking, a measure of the power of the hurricane, multiplied by the length of time it existed for. However, it is possible that there could have been other short lived storms in the Atlantic hurricane season.
List of Atlantic hurricanes
List of Atlantic hurricane seasons
* [http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1914.pdf Monthly Weather Review]
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