Franklin, New Hampshire

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Franklin
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within New Hampshire
settlement_type = Town


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = New Hampshire
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Merrimack
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = David Palfrey
established_title = Settled
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_title2 = -Town
established_title3 = -City
established_date = 1764
established_date2 =
established_date3 = 1895
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 29.2
area_total_km2 = 75.5
area_land_sq_mi = 27.6
area_land_km2 = 71.4
area_water_sq_mi = 1.6
area_water_km2 = 4.1
area_water_percent = 5.45
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2007
population_note =
population_total = 8,735
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 122.3
population_density_sq_mi = 316.5
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 43 |latm = 26 |lats = 39 |latNS = N
longd = 71 |longm = 38 |longs = 51 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 94
elevation_ft = 310
website = [http://www.franklinnh.org/ www.franklinnh.org]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 03235
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-27380
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0873290
footnotes =

Franklin is a city in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2000 census, the population was 8,405, the lowest of any of New Hampshire's 13 cities. Franklin includes the village of West Franklin.

History

Situated at the junction of the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee rivers to form the Merrimack River, the town was settled in 1764 and originally known as "Pemigewasset Village". It was taken from portions of Salisbury, Andover, Sanbornton and Northfield. The name "Franklin" was adopted in 1820 in honor of Benjamin Franklin. Water power from the falls helped it develop as a mill town. It would incorporate as a town in 1828, and then as a city in 1895. More recently, Franklin has been experiencing a renaissance, as commuters from Concord discover the city's quality of life and affordable housing.

Daniel Webster was born here in a section then part of Salisbury. There is a historic site located off Route 127 that preserves the famous orator's childhood home. In 1943, the Army Corps of Engineers created the Franklin Falls Reservoir above Franklin by constructing the Franklin Falls Dam for flood control on the Pemigewasset River.

Notable Inhabitants

* Walter Bradford Cannon (1871 - 1945), physiologist
* John King Fairbank (1907-1991), historian (summer resident)
* Wilma Cannon Fairbank (1909-2001), architectural historian (summer resident)
* Jenna Lewis (b. 1977), "Survivor" contestant, 2000
* G. W. Pierce (1872 - 1956), physicist
* Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. (1917 - 2007), historian (summer resident)
* Daniel Webster (1782 - 1852), statesman

Geography

Franklin is located at coor dms|43|26|49|N|71|39|25|W|city (43.446956, -71.656966).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of convert|29.2|sqmi|lk=on|1, of which convert|27.6|sqmi|abbr=on|1 is land and convert|1.6|sqmi|abbr=on is water, comprising 5.45% of the town. It is drained by the Winnipesaukee, Pemigewasset and Merrimack rivers. Webster Lake is in the north. The highest point in Franklin is an unnamed summit near the northwestern corner of the city limits, where the elevation reaches approximately convert|1370|ft above sea level. Franklin lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.cite book |title=Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers |url=http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html |last=Foster |first=Debra H. |coauthors=Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura |publisher=U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey |year=1995]

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,405 people, 3,319 households, and 2,193 families residing in the city. The population density was 304.9 people per square mile (117.7/km²). There were 3,676 housing units at an average density of 133.4/sq mi (51.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.10% White, 0.38% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.

There were 3,319 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,613, and the median income for a family was $41,698. Males had a median income of $32,318 versus $25,062 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,155. About 8.9% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of Interest

* [http://www.nhstateparks.com/danielwebster.html Daniel Webster Birthplace]
* [http://www.nh.gov/nhdhr/bridges/p103.html Upside Down Covered Bridge]

References

External links

* [http://www.franklinnh.org City website]
* [http://www.lakewinnipesaukee.net Lake Winnipesaukee]
* [http://www.lwhs.us/ Lake Winnipesaukee Historical Society]
* [http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/htmlprofiles/franklin.html New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]


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