Kamrup

Kamrup district was an administrative district in the state of Assam in India, named after Kamarupa, a name by which Assam was previously known in ancient times. The district, however, is now a small western part of Assam, with a distinctive native Kamrupi culture and dialect (both known as Kamrupi). The distinctive dialect etc. are, however, shared with the present administrative districts of Nalbari and Barpeta, these districts being part of an un-divided Kamrup before the 1980s.

History

It was originally a district of British India, in the Brahmaputra valley division of Eastern Bengal and Assam. The headquarters was at Guwahati. In the immediate neighbourhood of the Brahmaputra the land is low, and exposed to annual inundation. In this marshy tract reeds and canes flourish luxuriantly, and the only cultivation is that of rice. At a comparatively short distance from the river banks the ground begins to rise in undulating knolls towards the mountains of Bhutan on the north, and towards the Khasi hills on the south. The hills south of the Brahmaputra in some parts reach the height of Boo ft. The Brahmaputra, which divides the district into two nearly equal portions, is navigable by river steamers throughout the year, and receives several tributaries navigable by large native boats in the rainy season. The chief of these are the Manas, Chaul Khoya and Barnadi on the north, and the Kulsi and Dibru on the south bank. There is a government forest preserve in the district and also a plantation where seedlings of teak, sal, sissu, sum, and nahor are reared, and experiments are being made with the caoutchouc tree. The population is entirely rural, the only major town being Gauhati. The temples of Hajo and Kamakhya attract many pilgrims from all quarters. The staple crop of the district is rice, of which there are three crops. The indigenous manufactures are confined to the weaving of silk and cotton cloths for home use, and to the making of brass cups and plates. The cultivation and manufacture of tea by European capital is not very prosperous. The chief exports are rice, oilseeds, timber and cotton; the imports are fine rice, salt, piece goods, sugar, betelnuts, coconuts and hardware. A section of the Assam-Bengal railway starts from Guwahati, and a branch of the Eastern Bengal railway has recently been opened to the opposite bank of the river. A metalled road runs due south from Guwahati to Shillong.

Current situation

Since 2005, this pre-divided district has been sub-divided between the Kamrup (Metropolitan) and Kamrup (Rural) districts, the former comprising of the Metropolitan city of Guwahati and the latter the rest of the district.

Both of the district headquarters are located (rather side by side) in the heart of the city of Guwahati. This pair of districts occupies a total area of 4345 km² and has a population of 2,515,030 (as of 2001). The metropolitan district population is somewhere around a million.

External links

* [http://kamrup.nic.in/ District Administration website]

References

*
* [http://kamrup.nic.in/ Kamrup district official website]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kamrup — Kamrup, Distrikt der britisch ind. Provinz Assam, 9479 qkm mit (1901) 589,187 Einw. (407,363 Hindu, 53,701 Mohammedaner, 1479 Christen), durchflossen von dem schiffbaren Brahmaputra, an dessen sumpfigen Ufern Reis vorzüglich gedeiht, im N. zu den …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kamrup — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Kāmrūp Country and Admin Code IN.03.1268209 IN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Ahom–Mughal conflicts — Ahom Mughal conflicts refer to the period between the first Mughal attack on the Ahom kingdom in 1615 and the final Battle of Itakhuli in 1682. The intervening period saw the fluctuating fortunes of both powers and the end of the rule of Koch… …   Wikipedia

  • Koch Hajo — was the eastern portion of the Kamata kingdom of medieval Assam that Nara Narayan handed over to Raghudev (son of Chilarai) to govern, fixing the Subansiri river as the boundary between the western and the eastern portions. After the death of… …   Wikipedia

  • Goalpariya — (Assamese: গোৱালপৰীয়া) is a dialect of the erstwhile Goalpara district of Assam in India. It is largely spoken in Dhubri, Goalpara, Kokrajhar and Bongaigaon districts which were created from erstwhile Goalpara district. The basic characteristic… …   Wikipedia

  • Dispur — (দিছপুৰ)   capital   …   Wikipedia

  • Kamrupi — (Assamese: কামৰুপি, Bengali: কামরুপি) is the language that was spoken in the Kamarupa kingdom in the first millennium, which, some linguists claim, gave rise to or influenced various eastern Indo European languages like Assamese and Bengali.… …   Wikipedia

  • Marigaon district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Marigaon. Morigaon district [[Districts of Assam|district]] State [[Assam]],  India …   Wikipedia

  • Nalbari district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Nalbari. Nalbari is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Nalbari. Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Econo …   Wikipedia

  • Sualkuchi — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Sualkuchi | type = city | latd = 26|latm = 10|lats = 12| longd = 91|longm = 34|longs = 11 state name = Assam district = Kamrup leader title = leader name = altitude = population as of = 2001 population… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.