Humanitarian Response Index
The Humanitarian Response Index (HRI), of DARA International Foundation, is the first instrument in the world to measure the individual performance of humanitarian donors. The HRI focuses on the members of the
OECDDevelopment Assistance Committee (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Commission), contrasting their performance with that established in the Principles of Good Humanitarian Donorship, defined and approved by the donors, in 2003. since it is an annual report, the HRI will allow detailed analysis of the evolution of humanitarian action, donors´ commitments and outstanding challenges.
In recent decades, as a result of the increasing number of natural hazards and conflicts, humanitarian action has increased significantly, therefore becoming an increasingly important component of international aid. The complexity of this context requires new instruments to improve the efficiency of donors and of the system of response as a whole. DARA is committed to contribute to this improvement through the Humanitarian Response Index (HRI), a practical tool that contributes to the compliance with the Principles, and certainly the improvement of the aid provided to the beneficiaries.
The goal is to reduce the vulnerability of local communities to natural hazards and conflicts and, in accordance with the humanitarian objective to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain the human dignity. The HRI supports donors in their implementation of the GHD Principles. Specifically, the HRI aims to:
*Attract attention to the Good Humanitarian Donorship Initiative.
*Help donors better understand their strengths and weaknesses.
*Develop a tool that allows transparency and the accountability to be measured.
*Promote a dialogue about how to put a better humanitarian response into practice. By affecting the donors, the HRI is influencing one of the links of the humanitarian response; a link with important influence on the rest of the chain. Donors are actors with enormous capacity to propel improvements and affect the whole system. They are the ones that can promote more relevant responses and actions which are more focused on the real needs of the victims of crises.
Although the HRI is an initiative of DARA financed by its own resources, the methodological design for its creation involves the participation of a multitude of actors in the humanitarian field (governments, NGO’s, United Nations agencies, experts, etc.), who provide data, opinions and experiences that will put into focus the snapshot of international humanitarian assistance.The HRI uses qualitative and quantitative data. Several quantitative humanitarian sources of reference were consulted, such as the databases of DAC,
OCHA’s FTS (Financial Tracking System), ECHO’s point system and other relevant databases, and information published by donors.The qualitative data come from structured interviews based on various questionnaires completed by humanitarian professionals. First of all, members of implementing agencies working in countries that recently experienced a humanitarian crisis fill out a questionnaire. Secondly, the DARA contacts the headquarters of the implementing organisations that direct funds to these crises. Finally, DARA consults with all assessed donors in order to obtain information not available in other sources, and to validate the quantitative data from other reference sources.
Formulation and structure of the IndexWhen creating the Index, five categories were established for the different Principles of Good Humanitarian Donorship. These categories were created using 32 qualitative and 25 quantitative indicators (taken from the questionnaire and information from reference sources). Subsequently, the weight allocated to each of the indicators and categories in the Index was determined.
The established categories and their respective weights in the Index are as follows: :1. Responding to humanitarian needs (30%):2. Integrating relief and development (20%):3. Working with humanitarian partners (20%):4. Implementing international guiding principles (15%):5. Promoting learning and accountability (15%)
The score of each donor is established from 0 to a maximum of 7.
2007 HRI – RESULTS
Scores range from 0 to a maximum of 7
* [http://www.daraint.org/web_es/hri.html?lang=es Humanitarian Response Index]
* [http://www.daraint.org DARA]
* [http://www.goodhumanitariandonorship Good Humanitarian Donorship]
* [http://www.oecd.org OECD]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake — The humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was prompted by one of the worst natural disasters of modern times. On 26 December 2004, the earthquake, which struck off the northwest coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra,… … Wikipedia
Humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake — A survivor pulled from the debris of the Hôtel Montana The humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake included national governments, charitable and for profit organizations from around the world which began coordinating humanitarian aid… … Wikipedia
Humanitarian response by for-profit organisations to the 2010 Haiti earthquake — Contents 1 Africa 1.1 Kenya 2 Asia 2.1 Isra … Wikipedia
Humanitarian response to the 2008 South Ossetia war — This article documents the aid by several countries to the people suffered due to the 2008 South Ossetia war.On August 8, the Russian Ministry of the Emergency Situations sent a mobile hospital to North Ossetia. [… … Wikipedia
Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response — The Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response (SCHR) is an alliance made up of chief executive officers representing nine humanitarian networks or agencies (Care International, Caritas Internationalis, the International Committee of the Red… … Wikipedia
Humanitarian principles — There are a number of meanings for the term humanitarian. Here humanitarian pertains to the practice of saving lives and alleviating suffering. It is usually related to emergency response (also called humanitarian response) whether in the case of … Wikipedia
Humanitarian-FOSS — Free and Open Source Software represents a paradigm shift in the way software is built. The development of software is not by strict commercially or government driven hierarchies, but by global communities that structure themselves in… … Wikipedia
Humanitarian crisis — A humanitarian crisis (or humanitarian disaster ) is an event or series of events which represents a critical threat to the health, safety, security or wellbeing of a community or other large group of people, usually over a wide area. Armed… … Wikipedia
Humanitarian bombing — is a phrase referring to the 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (24 March – 10 June 1999) during the Kosovo War used by its opponents as an ironic oxymoron in response to the stated goal of NATO to protect Kosovo Albanians,… … Wikipedia
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs — OCHA redirects here. For other uses, see Ocha. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) French: Le Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires, is a United Nations body formed in December 1991 by… … Wikipedia