John Daw (1870 – 1965) was the last surviving U.S. Army Indian Scout veteran that served in the
Indian Wars, at the time of his death. He was a Navajo Indian, and he was given the Navajo name Hasteen-tsoh at birth. His parents, grandparents, as well as other close relatives were part of the Long Walk of the Navajoto Fort Sumner, and they were all then part of the internment of Navajo people at Fort Sumner in the 1860s.
He enlisted in the U.S. Army on
May 7, 1891, with the name John Daw. He was assigned to the U.S. Army 2nd Cavalry, which was posted at Fort Wingatein the New Mexico Territory. After being issued uniforms, guns, ammunition, and horses, he felt the cavalry soldiers' training was very thorough. He stated that the target practice and other military training was continued until they were very highly trained soldiers. He worked as a tracker, specifically looking for Apache Indians, and he served in this capacity until he left the service on December 5, 1894.
In the last years of his life, he was living in a
hoganwith his wife, at the Red Lake Trading Post near Tonalea, Arizona, on Navajo Nation land. At that time, he was a sheep herder, drove his own wagon, and claimed he could hear an approaching automobile from 10 miles away, although his eyesight was no longer good. Interestingly, his wife Susie's eye sight was good, but her hearing was poor.
He died in 1965, and he was buried on Navajo Nation land in
Coconino County, Arizona. His grave site is in Red Lake, and it is listed as a historic grave site in the county. There is also a mountain summit named after him called John Daw Mesa, which is located just east of Red Lake.
* [http://genealogytrails.com/main/indianwarmemories.html#johndaw John Daw]
Last surviving United States war veterans
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