- Buddhism in Brazil
Brazilhas practitioners of various Buddhist schools, as well as a fair number of somewhat Buddhist-inspired cults and " New Age" movements.
Many Japanese schools have a strong presence mainly as a result of
World War II, which encouraged emigrationof Japanese people. A considerable number of those chose to settle in Brazil, including teachers of schools such as Soto Zen, Honmon Butsuryu Shu(a Nichiren Buddhismschool), Jodo Shinshu(also known as True Pure LandBuddhism) and the controversial Soka Gakkaimovement. Buddhist schools of Japanese descent are the most expressive in Brazil, although they face a number of challenges that make their influence somewhat smaller than one would expect. One of those challenges is the mismatch of goals and expectations between the more traditional, Japanese-born people and the native Brazilians (many of them of Japanese descent).
Adherence to Buddhism is not particularly widespread among descendants of Japanese immigrants, who are largely
Roman Catholic. The descendants that do follow Buddhism tend to display a wide variety of stances regarding their relationships to the ethnicity and the religious tradition. To various degrees most of them attempt to simmultaneously meld with local Brazilian culture according to their personal preferences. As of 2005most such schools are attempting to become receptive to Brazilians not of Japanese descent, often facing considerable internal resistance in the process. Shingon, Tendaiand Nichiren Shuand Nichiren Shoshuschools are also present in Brazil, albeit in somewhat modest numbers.
Recent years saw a growth of interest in the practice Zen variants from
Koreaand Vietnamin Brazil. Theravadaschool also has Brazilian presence and was started by those who created [http://www.sbb.riobudavihara.com Brazil Buddhist Society] . Despite it was initially presented with a generalist proposal, in its time evolution BBS constituted itself as a place for refuge in Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha, accordingly to the Pali Canon (Tipitaka) and to the teachings and practices of Theravada School. Since the 70's its simple installations built with voluntary work have hosted Venerable Bhikkhus from Sri Lanka. The second Theravada center appeared in Brazil in 1989: [http://www.nalanda.org.br Nalanda Buddhist Center] , a very active center with affiliated groups in Belo Horizonte, São Pauloand Curitiba. It has invited a large number of international teachers through the years.
All four major
Vajrayanaschools from Tibet have some centers in Brazil - Nyingma, Gelug, Sakyaand Kagyu. Particularly, Chagdud Tulku Rinpocherelocated the headquarters of his international organization to Três Coroas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, where he spent the last few years of his life.
The Chinese Chan school (which gave birth to
Zen) gained a major presence in Brazil with the inauguration of the Zu Lai Temple and its companion Buddhist University in 2003.
There is considerable
Internetactivity among Brazilian Buddhists, with a number of websites and mailing lists, as well as OrkutCommunities dedicated to clarifying doubts about the Dharma and its practice. Many of those lists and communities are in practice open to various schools and lineages. A few schools and movements are more isolated and do not emphasize dialog with other schools.
* [http://www.dharmanet.com.br Dharmanet BR] One of the main Brazilian Buddhism websites
* [http://www.budismo.com.br Official Brazilian HBS site] - Honmon Butsuryu Shu is a
Nichiren Buddhismschool that has significant Brazilian presence
* [http://www.budismo.org.br Official Brazilian NKT site]
* [http://www.chagdud.org/en/index.html Chagdud Gonpa Brazil] - a network of
Nyingmacenters in Brazil
* [http://www.sbb.riobudavihara.com Brazil Buddhist Society]
* [http://www.nalanda.org.br Nalanda Brazilian Theravada Buddhist Community]
* [http://www.bsgi.org.br Official BSGI site] - Brazilian representant of the
* [http://www.budanet.org.br Zu Lai Temple] - of the Chinese Chan tradition, located in Cotia, São Paulo
* [http://www.sotozen.org.br Busshinji Temple] - Head temple of
Soto Zensect for South America
* [http://www.buddhactivity.com Buddhactivity Dharma Centres database]
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