Skin prick test

A test of IgE-related allergy involving pricking through the suspect allergen into the epidermis of the skin and observing for an immediate hypersensitivity response. This includes: itching, erythema, weal and flare response. It is a diagnostic tool but it is essential to have resuscitation facilities and adrenaline to hand in case of a serious anaphylactic reaction.

Avoid in patients with the following:
* On anti-histamines (false negative result)
* Previous history of anaphylaxis (more dangerous)
* Extensive skin disease (practical problem)
* Presence of dermatographism (false positive result)
* Very young, pregnant women (relative)


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  • skin-prick test — /ˈskɪn prɪk tɛst/ (say skin prik test) noun Medicine a test to detect allergies in which a drop of the potential allergen is put on a site where the external skin has been punctured, a positive response to the allergen being a localised hive …   Australian English dictionary

  • powder and solvent for solution for injection/skin-prick test — milteliai ir tirpiklis injekciniam ar odos dūrio testo tirpalui statusas Aprobuotas sritis farmacinės formos atitikmenys: angl. powder and solvent for solution for injection/skin prick test; powder and solvent for solution for injection/skin… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • solution for skin-prick test — odos dūrio testo tirpalas statusas Aprobuotas sritis farmacinės formos apibrėžtis Alergeno produktas diagnostikai. atitikmenys: angl. solution for skin prick test vok. Pricktestlösung pranc. solution pour prick test šaltinis European Directorate… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Skin allergy test — Skin allergy testing is a method for medical diagnosis of allergies that attempts to provoke a small, controlled, allergic response. A microscopic amount of an allergen is introduced to a patient s skin by various means:* by pricking the skin… …   Wikipedia

  • prick test — prik n a test for allergic susceptibility made by placing a drop of the allergy producing substance on the skin and making breaks in the skin by lightly pricking the surface (as with a pin) compare INTRADERMAL TEST, PATCH TEST, SCRATCH TEST …   Medical dictionary

  • solution pour prick-test — odos dūrio testo tirpalas statusas Aprobuotas sritis farmacinės formos apibrėžtis Alergeno produktas diagnostikai. atitikmenys: angl. solution for skin prick test vok. Pricktestlösung pranc. solution pour prick test šaltinis European Directorate… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • RAST test — A RAST test (short for radioallergosorbent test) is a blood test used to determine what a person is allergic to. This is different from a skin allergy test, which determines allergy by the reaction of a person s skin to different substances. For… …   Wikipedia

  • intradermal test — n a test for immunity or hypersensitivity made by injecting a minute amount of diluted antigen into the skin called also intracutaneous test compare PATCH TEST, PRICK TEST, SCRATCH TEST …   Medical dictionary

  • patch test — n a test for determining allergic sensitivity that is made by applying to the unbroken skin small pads soaked with the allergen to be tested and that indicates sensitivity when irritation develops at the point of application compare INTRADERMAL… …   Medical dictionary

  • scratch test — n a test for allergic susceptibility made by rubbing an extract of an allergy producing substance into small breaks or scratches in the skin compare INTRADERMAL TEST, PATCH TEST, PRICK TEST * * * a skin test in which the antigen is applied on a… …   Medical dictionary


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