- Austrian resistance
The Austrian resistance to the Nazi rule that started with the
Anschlussin 1938 had a prehistory of socialist and communist activism against the era of Austrofascismfrom 1934. These activists, limited primarily to adherents of the political far left, operated in isolation from the Austrian mainstream during the war years. One prominent activist was Josef Plieseis. Other strands of Austrian resistance included Catholics and monarchists. However, it is notable that several Austrian nationalists, some of them even with fascist sympathies, also resisted, opposed to the destruction of the Austrian state.
Austrian society has had an ambivalent attitude both toward the Nazi government from 1938 to 1945 and the few that actively resisted it. Since large portions of Austrian society either actively or tacitly supported the Nazi regime, the Allied forces treated Austria as a belligerent party in the war and maintained occupation of it after the Nazi capitulation. On the other hand, the
Moscow Declarationlabeled Austria as a free and democratic society before the war, and considered its capture an act of liberation.
Many books discuss the historical events from one perspective or another. An academic overview is given in "The Resistance in Austria, 1938-1945" by Radomír Luza, University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
The sign of the Austrian resistance was "O5", where the 5 stands for E and OE is the abbreviation of Österreich with Ö as OE. This sign may be seen at the Stephansdom in Vienna.
* [http://www.libcom.org/history/articles/death-of-austrian-left/index.php 1920-1934: The death of the Austrian left] - historical study of the demise of the socialist and workers' movements in the face of the growth of fascism
* [http://www.doew.at/ Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance (DÖW)]
* [http://www.resistance-archive.org European Resistance Archive (ERA) | video interviews with members of the resistance]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance — The Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance (DÖW) was established in 1963. Its main topics deal with research concerning resistance and persecution from 1934 until 1945, exile, Nazi crimes, right wing extremism after 1945, and victims… … Wikipedia
Resistance during World War II — occurred in every occupied country by a variety of means, ranging from non cooperation, disinformation and propaganda to hiding crashed pilots and even to outright warfare and the recapturing of towns. Resistance movements are sometimes also… … Wikipedia
Résistance en Autriche pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale — Signe de la résistance autrichienne à Vienne. La résistance autrichienne à l occupation nazie, qui débuta avec l Anschluss en 1938, prend ses racines dans les activité socialistes et communiste luttant contre l austrofascisme depuis 1934 (voir l… … Wikipédia en Français
Resistance movement — Members of the White Rose, Munich 1942. From left: Hans Scholl, his sister Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst … Wikipedia
Resistance — The Anschluss of 1938 had great support in Austria from circles that normally had strong ideological differences with one another, such as elements of the Catholic church and the Social Democratic Workers’ Party. Some members of the former… … Historical dictionary of Austria
Austrian Regime — (1714 1794) Brussels became the capital of the Austrian Netherlands following incorporation of the provinces of the former Spanish Netherlands into the Austrian Empire as stipulated by the Treaty of Rastatt (6 March 1714). The new governor,… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Resistance during the Holocaust — In three cases, entire countries resisted the deportation of their Jewish population during the Holocaust. In other countries, notable individuals or communities created resistance during the Holocaust.Since 1963, a commission organized by Yad… … Wikipedia
Czech resistance to Nazi occupation — Czech resistance to German Nazi occupation during World War II is a scarcely documented subject, by and large a result of little formal resistance and an effective German policy that deterred acts of resistance or annihilated organizations of… … Wikipedia
War of the Austrian Succession — The Battle of Fontenoy by Édouard Detaille. Oil on canvas … Wikipedia
Polish resistance movement — was the resistance movement in Poland. Although the majority of the szlachta was reconciled to the end of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795, the possibility of Polish independence was kept alive by events within and without Poland… … Wikipedia