Kakinada


Kakinada


కాకినాడ Kakinada

Cocanada

Fertilizer City
—  city  —
Kakinada aerial view
Location of కాకినాడ Kakinada
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 16°56′N 82°20′E / 16.93°N 82.33°E / 16.93; 82.33Coordinates: 16°56′N 82°20′E / 16.93°N 82.33°E / 16.93; 82.33
Country India
Region Coastal Andhra
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) East Godavari
Subdistrict(s) Kakinada (Urban)
Mayor K. Saroja
Member of Parliament M. M. Pallam Raju
Member of Legislative Assembly Kakinada City – D. Chandrasekhar Reddy (Congress), Kakinada Rural – K. Kannababu (PRP)
Parliamentary constituency Kakinada
Assembly constituency Kakinada City, Kakinada Rural
Population

Density
Metro

376,861 (8, AP) (2001)

12,223 /km2 (31,657 /sq mi)
896,329 (8, AP) (2011)

Literacy 80% 
Official languages Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area

Metro
Elevation

92.3 square kilometres (35.6 sq mi) (4)

190 square kilometres (73 sq mi)
2 metres (6.6 ft)

Climate

Temperature
• Summer
• Winter

Tropical savanna (Köppen)

     26 °C (79 °F)
     40 °C (104 °F)
     24 °C (75 °F)

Website http://www.kakinadamunicipalcorporation.com/

Kakinada (Telugu: కాకినాడ) About this sound pronunciation is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located 465 kilometres (289 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad. It is also the headquarters of East Godavari district. It is nicknamed "Fertilizer City" (owing to the large concentration of fertilizer plants), "Pensioner's Paradise" and "Second Madras" (as it is well planned and peaceful).[citation needed] The city had an urban population of 376,861 in 2001,[1] making it the eighth largest city in Andhra Pradesh by population. It is spread over an area of 190 km2.

Kakinada is part of a Special Economic Zone and a proposed "Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region (PCPIR)". It is a hub to all the deep sea exploratory activity in the region due to its deep-water sea port and its proximity to the gas fields.[citation needed]

Contents

Etymology

Several theories exist regarding the origin of the name Kakinada. One is that the place was called 'Kakinandiwada' during the reign of Nandi kings who ruled prior to the arrival of the Europeans and the name was truncated to Kakinada over time. The British used to call it Cocanada (pronounced "Co Canada"). After Independence, the name was renaturalized to Kakinada, although a few organisations established during the British colonial rule retain the old name (e.g., Cocanada Chamber of Commerce). Even now, the City's two railway stations are codenamed CCT (Kakinada Town Junction) and COA (Kakinada Port) by Indian Railways. The population of Kakinada(Urban + Rural) as per the population census 2011 is 9,61,093 for more details visit http://censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/Sub_Districts_Master.aspx?state_code=28&district_code=14

Geography

Kakinada is located at 16°56′N 82°13′E / 16.93°N 82.22°E / 16.93; 82.22.[2] The 82½ degrees east longitude, with respect to which IST (Indian Standard Time) is calculated, passes through Kakinada. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 ft) and many areas of the city are below sea level. The city has roughly a north-south orientation and is confined to a long narrow strip parallel to the sea coast. The average width of the city is around 6 km but its length is around 15 km. It can be divided into two broad regions. The old city area in the south called Jagannathapuram is separated from the rest of the city by Buckingham Canal. A couple of bridges connect these parts. This canal and its branches form Medaline Island, which abuts the city in the southwest.

The northern part consists of the more modern part of the city and its recent outgrowth. The eastern part is separated from coastline by an industrial belt, running north-south through the entire length of the city. The city is bordered in the south east by Kakinada bay and a marshy wetland, home to India's second largest mangrove forest and Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the branches of the mighty River Godavari, the Gouthami, flows into the Bay of Bengal at this point.

Distances to other cities in Andhra Pradesh

Climate

Kakinada has a tropical savanna climate. The weather is hot and humid for most of the year. The hottest part of the year is late May to early June with maximum temperatures around 38–42 °C (100–108 °F). The coolest part of the year is January, with minimum temperatures around 18–20 °C (64–68 °F). The city gets most of its seasonal rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds although a good deal of rains greet these parts during the northeast monsoon from mid-October to mid-December. Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal frequently hit the city. Prevailing winds in Kakinada are usually southwesterly for most part of the year except during October to January when they blow north-easterly. The city experiences an average annual rainfall between 110 and 115 centimeters.

Civic administration

Kakinada city streets at night

The city of Kakinada is run by the Kakinada Municipal Corporation, consisting of elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into 50 wards and each ward elects a corporator through direct ballot. A mayor is elected for the entire city among the elected corporators by indirect ballot. The commissioner who is an IAS is appointed by the state government. Apart from this, the city is represented at the state level in the Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly by two MLAs and at the federal level in the Lok Sabha by an MP.

Transportation

Air

The nearest airport is located at Rajahmundry, about 65 km from the city has services to Chennai, Hyderabad and Vijayawada. Kingfisher Airlines and Jet Airways are the airlines operating here. The nearest major airport is at Visakhapatnam at a distance of 145 km and has the services of many airline operators to major cities in the country.

Railway station, Kakinada Town Junction

Rail

As a city located on the sea shore, Kakinada is a railway terminus. It has four railway stations, namely Kakinada Town Junction (1.2 km), Kakinada Port (1.8 km), Kakinada Port New (4.1 km), and Sarpavaram (6.5 km).Through a branch line, Kakinada is connected to Samalkot Junction (13 km) which is on the Chennai-Howrah trunk line, where almost all express trains stop to connect Kakinada with the important places of the country.There are direct daily trains running to Hyderabad, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Tirupati, Shirdi(tri weekly) and Bhavnagar (weekly) and also special trains running all through the year to Hyderabad and Ernakulam.

There is a demand for construction of the long waited Kakinada – Pitapuram railway line of 21 km length which connects Kakinada to the main line apart from extending the Kakinada-Kotipalli railway line to Narsapur which will bring rail connectivity to Konaseema region.

City roads, Kakinada

Road

Good roads connect Kakinada with all the places within the state and rest of the country. NH-214 from Kathipudi to Ongole (both on NH-5) passes through Kakinada. A couple of state highways connect Kakinada to Rajahmundry and other places within the district. There is a proposal to develop the road between Kakinada and Suryapet via Rajahmundry into a National Highway which will reduce the distance between Kakinada and Hyderabad.

NH-214 passing through Kakinada

Economy

Farming in and around Kakinada

In the late 1940s (around the time of Indian independence) there was little industry in or around Kakinada, and the local economy consisted mainly of agriculture and fishing. Until the early 1980s (before the fertilizer companies started their operation here), the local economy was mainly based on the textile industry, auto parts, steel industry related ancillary units, agriculture and fishery industries. Today, Kakinada's economy has a diverse industrial base thanks to an established sea port and port based industries.

Kakinada port

The presence of a small island called Hope Island about 5 km from Kakinada coast makes Kakinada a natural harbor. It is home to two ports, an anchorage port and a deep water port.Kakinada's deep-water port is the second largest in the state after Visakhapatnam port and is the first port in the country to be built on a Public-private partnership basis (in 1996). It is operated by Kakinada Seaports Limited.[3] Before the deep water port was built, the anchorage port was the largest of the forty minor ports operating in India.Currently both deep water port and older anchorage port co-exist. A shipyard is under construction, as a joint venture of Singapore-based Sembawang Shipyard Pvt. Ltd and Kakinada Seaports Ltd to provide vessel support services to ships plying around Kakinada port and on the East coast of India.[4]

Kakinada's principal exports now include seafood (prawns, shrimp, fish) and related products, agricultural products like rice, corn,[5] oilmeals,[6] processed food products, chemicals, iron ore, bauxite powder,[7] and biofuel.[8]

Imports include chemicals, edible oils, and agricultural products[9] (e.g. wheat and sugar). The deep water port handled a cargo of 13MT during 2009–10.

Industries

Fertilizer

Kakinada is often called the "Fertilizer City" of Andhra Pradesh. The city is home to two fertilizer producers: Nagarjuna Fertilizers[10] is the biggest urea manufacturer in coastal Andhra. Another company, Godavari Fertilizers[11] owned by Murugappa Group, produces Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate (DAP).

Sugar

The Murugappa Group-owned EID Parry (India) Ltd and Cargill International SA joint venture, Silk Road Sugars Pvt Ltd, has a port-based stand-alone sugar refinery in Kakinada with a refining capacity of 6 lakh tonnes.[12][13] Reliance is also planning to set up a sugar mill.

ONGC India, Kakinada office

Natural gas and petroleum

Kakinada is the base for Oil and Natural Gas Corporation's Eastern Offshore Asset. Several oil companies have Kakinada as a transit point for oil and gas shipments. Baker Hughes and Schlumberger[14] are examples of the field development companies working on natural gas fields offshore the city. The Krishna Godavari Basin is considered to be the largest natural gas basin in India[15] and significant discoveries of oil and natural gas were made by Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation and Reliance, which has been producing around 60 mmscd of gas for the past two years from its prolific KG D6 block off the Kakinada coast. Reliance has an onshore terminal at Gadimoga village about 25 km from Kakinada to process and distribute gas to other parts of the country. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation is also working on setting up a similar facility near Mallavaram village south of Kakinada. GMR is currently working on setting up an oil refinery in Kakinada SEZ.

Reliance Gas Transportation Infrastructure Ltd (RGTIL) has built a 1,440 km pipeline from Kakinada to Bharuch (Gujarat) to transport 120 million cubic meters per day (mcmd) of natural gas from Krishna-Godavari fields owned by Reliance Industries[16] across India to the west coast.

In 2010, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board awarded the City Gas Distribution project for Kakinada city to Bhagyanagar Gas Limited, a consortium of GAIL and Hindustan Petroleum.[17] The construction work is underway to supply gas to Kakinada city and the surrounding towns of Samalkot, Peddapuram and Pithapuram, thus making Kakinada the first city in Andhra Pradesh to get piped gas supply for domestic, commercial and industrial purposes along with Hyderabad and Vijayawada.

Edible oil refineries and biofuel plants

In 2002 several edible oil refineries established themselves in Kakinada and the refining capacity has touched 3000 tons per day. Kakinada port is facilitating the imports of crude palm oil, crude soyabean oil. Kakinada has an edible oil refining capacity of more than 3000 MTS per day. Major refineries are Acalmar Oils & Fats Limited (now, taken over by Adani Wilmar Ltd.), Ruchi Infrastructure, Nikhil Refineries Ltd, etc.[18]

The Vakalapudi Industrial park in Kakinada has attracted investments worth over US$ 10 million from bio-diesel companies such as Reliance Industries, Naturol Bioenergy[19] and Universal Bio Fuel.[20][8] Andhra Pradesh has entered into a formal agreement with Reliance Industries for Jatropha planting. The company has selected 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land at Kakinada to grow jatropha for high quality bio-diesel fuel.[21][22]

Power generation

There are several small and large power plants in and around Kakinada. Spectrum Power Generation Ltd. has a 208MW power plant at Kakinada. In fact, it was one of the first Independent Power Producer in the country. The company is planning to expand the capacity to 1350 MW in phases. Tenders for the first phase of expansion to the tune of 350 MW have been called for recently.[23] GMR Energy has erected a 220 MW barge mounted FPP (floating power plant), towed from its earlier location, Mangalore due to the abundant availability of Natural Gas in this region. A 220 MW Power Station (currently being scaled upwards to 2400 MW at a cost of Rs 10000 Cr) owned by Reliance Energy Limited,[24] and a 464 MW Combined Cycle Power Plant by GVK group are under operation at Samalkota (Kakinada Rural).[25] All these private power plants supply electricity to the state's transmission utility, AP TRANSCO, under a Power Purchase Agreement.

Information technology

Kakinada is one of the 4 tier-II cities in Andhra Pradesh where Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) had set up a facility in 2007.[26]

Since the inception of the facility, several companies have started operations in this city and list is growing due to availability of highly educated workforce in the district.

About 28 companies are currently operating in Kakinada with a total employee base of around 1200. Total turnover of IT/ITES from Kakinada is around Rs 15 Crore during the last fiscal year. Godavari IT Association of East and West Godavari districts (GITA) is an association of IT companies in the twin Godavari districts which is based out of the city.[27] Some of the prominent IT companies that have set shop here are: Infotech Enterprises,[28] a Hyderabad based multinational software company, Avineon Inc,[29] an US based technology company that provides geospatial and engineering services,[30][31] [32] Firstobject Technologies,[33] a prominent BPO firm. There are also several small to mid-size software companies that operate in Kakinada which include,Myfam Technologies,3One Technologies,[34] TrewPort Technologies,[35] Aaspire Technologies,[36] Traceout Technologies,[37] ForeTell Technologies Private Limited,[38] Nyros Technologies,[39] Meconzee InfoTech and Software Services,[40] Easty Solutions,[41] etc.

Fishing and aquaculture

There are about 28 landing centers and also a large fishing wharf in Kakinada. The area surrounding Kakinada is home to several aqua farms.[42] There are also several units that process and export fish, shrimp and other marine products. Recognizing the importance of fishing and aquaculture industry to the local economy, Andhra Pradesh state government established a research and training center on fisheries in 1958 called APSIFT (Andhra Pradesh State Institute of Fisheries Technology)[43] in Kakinada in cooperation with FAO. The CIFE[44] (Central Institute of Fisheries education), a deemed university established by Indian government in 1961 has one of its three campuses in India in Kakinada. The CIFE is the first fisheries university in India and provides post-graduate education and training, to in-service fisheries personnel not only from India but also many African and Asian countries.

Electronics

Kakinada is home to Andhra Electronics Ltd.,[45] an electronic components manufacturing company, which started operations in 1977.

Auto and iron/steel

There are several auto and iron/steel ancillary industries in Kakinada, such as Sri Ramadas Motor Transport Limited and Sri Bhavani Castings Ltd.

Rice mills

Several rice mills exist in and around Kakinada and some of the rice is exported to other countries.

City

With the recent growth in the industrial and commercial sectors ,major hotels, multiplex theaters and shopping malls are just beginning to show up in the city.

Spencers Hypermarket Kakinada

Entertainment and attractions

The city has many cinema theatres and multiplex theaters[46] and constructing a new inox theater at gudarigunta, a couple of parks, a cosmopolitan club apart from beaches and other natural scenic attractions.The city has many shoping malls m&m,spencers,vibhav,sona,rajubhavan,landmark,planet fashion, H&A etc,.new mall kakinada central is major attraction at bhanugudi jn.it has multi showrooms.The city has all new branded showrooms newly opened United Colors of Benetton in kakinada central mall People here are just catching up with the mall culture and as such no major pan Indian mall can be seen here.

Hotels

The city is home to several three star and other lower range of hotels and resorts. Three-star hotels include Ishwarya Grand,Royal Park, Jaya Residency of Dasapalla Group, Oak Tree Hotel, and the Paradigm Sarovar Portico (from India's third largest chain of hotels, The Sarovar Hotels and Resorts). Halycon times is a popular resort in the city. The Green Park hotel chain is constructing a new hotel near ADB road.

Health care

Kakinada has many health care facilities supported by both the government and private institutions. The major ones include the Government General Hospital (GGH), Apollo Hospitals, Christian Cancer Centre, Care Hospital ,Sai Sudha Hospital, Sravani ENT Care, Trust Hospital, Star hospital, Safe Emergency Hospital, Sri Satya Sai Multispeciality Hospital and New Life Hospital.

Education

JNTU University entrance

Kakinada is a major educational hub fulfilling the growing educational demands of people in the state. The past decade has witnessed exponential growth and many residential colleges have been established to offer quality secondary education. There are also several professional colleges in and around the city offering courses in Engineering, Medical, Information Technology and Management at the graduate and postgraduate level.

The Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University offers engineering courses and has a school of business, while Rangaraya Medical College is one of the best medical colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

RMC Entrance
Lord Shiva temple in Kakinada
Rajiv Gandhi beach park, Yanam, near Kakinada

Andhra University Post Graduate Centre (called A.U.M.S.N. PG Centre), established in November 1977, is another important college for higher learning in Kakinada. This University center is located between Kakinada Port – Samalkot ADB Road on a 50.93-acre (206,100 m2) campus in Thimmapuram. The campus is six kilometers from Kakinada Town Railway Station.[47]

There are many Schools with different boards like State, CBSE, ICSE. CBSE schools like Akshara, Ashram,Hamsavahini Vidyalaya, Subhaniketan, Nalanda, Kakinada Public School (KPS) etc are prominent. Several state board private schools like Pragthi Little public school, Aditya Public school are also popular.

Tourism

Though Kakinada is not known for tourism, it has some good places in and around to visit, like ancient temples, some beaches, mangrove forests and Godavari delta. The Union Territory of Yanam on the banks of River Godavari,25 km south of Kakinada, is making rapid strides in Tourism. A replica of the world famous Eiffel Tower, 100m in height, is being built there. AP Tourism is trying to promote the Konaseema region (30 km from Kakinada), into a tourism hub.Below is a list of places in and around Kakinada that may be of some interest to visitors.

  • Annavaram Satyanarayana Swamy Temple, Andhra Pradesh's second richest temple, (40 km)
  • Draksharama Shiva Temple (One of the five Pancharama Kshetras and aNational Heritage site), (25 km)
  • Sri Bhimeswaraswamy Vari Temple (Sri Chalukya Kumararama Temple, one of the five Pancharama Kshetras and a National Heritage site) (10 km) Samalkota
  • Kukkuteshwara Swamy Temple at Pithapuram,(12 km)
  • Kotipalli Kotilingeswara Temple, on the banks of the river Godavari, (30 km)
  • Shri Bhavanarayana Swamy Temple (Sun God), Sarpavaram, Kakinada,(5 km)
  • Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of River Godavari's estuary, (5 km)
  • Hope Island, India, a sand spit formed in sea by River Godavari.(5 km offshore, from Vakalapudi beach)
  • Konaseema, scenic locations of Godavari delta islands, (30 km)
  • Kakinada-Uppada Beach (Vakalpudi Beach), (5 km) and Rajiv Gandhi Beach on the banks of the Godavari, Yanam, (25 km)

People

People from Kakinada can easily be identified by their characteristic Godavari Telugu accent. They have gained a reputation for being hospitable, polite and cultured. People from Kakinada frequently uses a common suffix word "andi" just like a word "ji" in Hindi, which offers respect to the person corresponding to.

The Godavari Telugu accent places emphasis on respecting elders and strangers. To achieve this, people of this region normally use the grammatical forms of Telugu that convey respect which is not found in Telugu usage in other parts of the Andhra Pradesh. The educated and the young understand English and use it as a mode of communication with people outside the state.

Kakinada is a major educational center with several schools, colleges and universities. Many among the younger generation are migrating to the cities and out of the country in search of opportunities that meet their scale of ambition. However, there are significant parts of the society that have ridden the boom by expanding their businesses and investments. The local population is supplemented by immigrants who have left their villages to seek work and opportunity in this bustling city. Cocanada is a prominent CCDB member who shows unmatched affection towards his city.

People of Kakinada enjoy spending the hot summers in the shallow waters of Bay of Bengal. As tides are not intense and as the water is shallow people enjoy playing in the waters of Bay of Bengal. Devi Multiplex,[48] Janmabhoomi Park, Gandhinagar park and Vivekananda Park are other places people here love to hang out.Most of the kakanadians are telugu-speaking(about 99%)but, kakinada has a diverse culture and one of the most diverse city in India.It has many people who doesn't speak telugu

The following linguistic groups are present through out kakinada.They are:

                                       1.hindi speaking people from north india(about 100 individuals)
                                       2.marathis (about 15 individuals)
                                       3.malayalis (about 200 individuals)
                                       4.marwaris(500+individuals,who are mostly jains)
                                       5.gujaratis(18–24 individuals)
                                       6.assamese(8–12 individuals)
                                       7.punjabis(5–10 individuals)
                                       8.others(about 150 individuals)
                                       9.gentlemen by name "Cocanada" (1 individual, currently out of the city)

Others mainly include oriyas,kannadigas,tamils,etc.,these people together contributes to the diversity of Kakinada.In the urban zone they contribute 0.22% of population.We all should be proud of our kakinada which hosts different cultures.In these many linguistic groups the jains are mainly well-settled in kakinada and are mainly present in the temple street of jaganaickpur and has two jain temples. They speak marwari language.Modern kakinada also witnessed immigration especially from the state of kerala.Now there are more than 200 malayalam speaking people(as per 2010)against 17(during1975).

Few among famous personalities from Kakinada:

1. Chittajallu Srinivasa Rao (C. S. Rao) – Actor, Writer and Director.

Chittajallu Srinivasa Rao better known as C. S. Rao (b: 1924 – d: 2004) is a South Indian actor, writer and director.[1] He is son of famous film director Chittajallu Pullayya. He has directed about 70 films in Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and Oriya languages. He is best known as the director of the Magnum Opus film of Telugu cinema Lava Kusha (1963)

2. C. Pullaiah – Telugu film director.

Chittajallu Pullaiah popularly known as C. Pullaiah (Telugu: సి.పుల్లయ్య) (b: 1898 – d: 6 October 1967) is an eminent Telugu film director. He is one among those film personalities associated with the Telugu movie right from its silent movie days. His son C. S. Rao is also famous film director in later period. Sati Anasuya, the first children's movie in Telugu cinema was directed by him. Pullaiah made it with sixty child artistes. He took them all to Calcutta along with a teacher, so that their studies might not be interrupted. Hi wife Rangamma ran a small diary to meet the need for milk, butter-milk and butter for the children. The sixty children regarded Pullaiah as their father. Pullaiah directed Vara Vikrayam and Malathi Madhavam under the East India Film Company at Calcutta. He directed Bala Nagamma, Apoorva Sahodarargal and Vindhya Rani under Gemini Pictures after shifting base to Madras. He is well remembered as the maker of Magnum opus Telugu film Lava Kusha in 1934 and 1963, the story of Lava and Kusha in Hindu epic Ramayana. Pakkinti Ammayi (1953) the forerunner of Bollywood film Padosan (1968) is directed by him and starring Padmasri Relangi Venkataramaiah

3. Suryakantham (actress)

Suryakantham Ponnada (Telugu: సూర్యకాంతం) (28 October 1924 – 18 December 1994) was an Indian actress in Tollywood. Suryakantham was born in Kakinada of East Godavari district in Andhra Pradesh to a telugu Niyogi family. She was the 14th child to her parents, while ten children had died. She learnt dance and singing at a tender age of six. She was married to Peddibhotla Chalapathi Rao, a High Court Judge, in 1950. Suryakantham started as a dancer in Chandralekha, produced by the Gemini Studios. She got her first role as character artist in the 1946 film Narada Naradhi. Later, she got a character artist role in the movie Grihapravesam. Later, she consolidated her position by playing the role of a cruel mother-in-law in Samsaram. 1953 film, Kodarikam boosted her career to new heights. Ace directors of the era, B. Nagi Reddy and Chakrapani would not do a movie without Suryakantham. They had even produced a movie Gundamma Katha, starring N.T. Rama Rao, Akkineni Nageswara Rao and S.V. Ranga Rao. The entire story would revolve around Suryakantham's role of Gundamma.

4. Rao Gopal Rao (actor)

Rao Gopal Rao (Telugu: రావు గోపాల రావు) (14 January 1937 – 13 August 1994) was a popular Tollywood Character actor and producer and member of Rajya Sabha. Rao Gopal Rao was born in 1937 in Ganganapalli near Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh. He started his career onstage, with his own company, Associated Amateur Drama Company and did many plays under the banner. S. V. Ranga Rao saw his plays and recommended him to Gutta Ramineedu, who was making Bhakta Potana (1966). He worked as an assistant director for this film. He served as an assistant director in other films, including Bangaru Sankellu and Mooga Prema. Rao was the main villain in the film Jagat Kiladilu (1969), which starred Krishna. Rao's voice was dubbed over at the request of the film crew. Rao became better known after the release of Muthyala Muggu, directed by Bapu. Other Bapu films to feature Rao included Bhakta Kannappa (1976), Gorantadiipam (1978), Manavoori Pandavulu (1978), Kaliyuga Ravanasurudu (1980), Tyagayya (1981),Abhilasha (1983),Khaidi (1983),Challenge (1984), Jaakii (1985), and Bullet (1985). Rao produced several films, including Station Master, Lorry Driver, Bhargva Ramudu, and Vintadongalu.

Food

Restaurants in Kakinada

East Godavari is famous for traditional Andhra cuisine and Kakinada is no different: pickles (aavakaaya) made from mangoes, vegetables (e.g. caulifower aavakaaya), chicken, shrimp, mutton or even fish. Some people here swear by the pungent aroma and the lingering taste of dried fish (Endu Chepa) and shrimp (Endu Royya).

This city is also famous for its unique Kakinada Kaaja, a sweet made from maida and dipped in sugar syrup.[49] This sweet was very popular not only in Andhra but also in far away places like Bihar and U.P.[50] Kotiah Sweets (founded in the year 1900) is locally the most famous and possibly the earliest known maker of Kakinada Kaaja.

Locals frequent the innumerable carts strategically located on populous street corners to purchase bhajis and a delicious mixture of onions, toasted rice, and sev (Pidatha Kindha Pappu).

Kakinada is also one of the few regions in the entire Andhra Pradesh where Chekkarakeli aratipandu (banana) and Kothapalli kobbari maamidipandu (mango) are available. Kakinada is also famous for its delicious pesarattu, a breakfast or brunch item formed into crêpes from moong daal (pesara pappu), green chillies, ginger and cumin. These are sold in restaurants as well as street stalls. Pootarekulu is a sweet in coastal Andhra, made of thin sugar wafers.

Sports

Cricket is the most popular game followed by badminton and athletics. The city is home to a number of local cricket teams participating in various district and zonal events. Kakinada has a cricket stadium used for Ranji Trophy matches.The East Godavari District Sports Authority has a vast sports campus in the city with many sporting facilities. An indoor stadium and a swimming pool are also located in this campus.Tennis is being taught to students by KTA(Kakinada Tennis Academy) A skating rink[disambiguation needed ] is present at Vivekananda Park for skating enthusiasts.

References

  1. ^ "Censusindia.gov.in" (PDF). http://censusindia.gov.in/towns/ap_towns.pdf. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Kakinada". Fallingrain.com. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/2/Kakinada.html. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Kakinadaseaports.in[dead link]
  4. ^ "Sembmarine Kakinada Ltd". Sembcorpmarine.com.sg. http://www.sembcorpmarine.com.sg/index.php?page=Kakinada. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "UPDATE 1-India corn exports up to Sept set to treble-trade". Reuters. 2008-07-21. http://in.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idINDEL30591120080721. 
  6. ^ "Oilmeals exports surge 82.05% in Jun`08". Myiris.com. http://www.myiris.com/newsCentre/newsPopup.php?fileR=20080708170605179&dir=2008/07/08&secID=livenews. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Vedanta to export bauxite powder from Kadinada". Business Standard.
  8. ^ a b ">> News >> Business >> Bio-fuel is next big bet if crude continues to rise". Moneycontrol. http://www.moneycontrol.com/india/news/business/bio-fuel-is-next-big-bet-if-crude-continues-to-rise/17/26/345655. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "WB floats tender to import 1.86 lakh tonnes of wheat". The Hindu (India). 2008-04-16. http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/015200804160321.htm. 
  10. ^ "Nagarjunagroup.com". Nagarjunagroup.com. http://www.nagarjunagroup.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  11. ^ GFCL.co.in
  12. ^ ""EID Parry teams up with Cargill for sugar EoU", ''The Hindu'' (25 April 2006)". The Hindu. India. 25 April 2006. http://www.hindu.com/2006/04/25/stories/2006042503791900.htm. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  13. ^ ""Murugappa group turnover up by 15%", Sify Business". Sify.com. 6 May 2008. http://sify.com/finance/fullstory.php?id=14667906. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "SLB.com". SLB.com. http://www.slb.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Hemangi Balse, "Reliance gas-find 40 times bigger than Bombay High"". Rediff.com. 31 October 2002. http://www.rediff.com/money/2002/oct/31ril.htm. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  16. ^ ""Reliance gets ready to test east-west gas pipeline" (Apr 14 2008) CNBC Money control.com". Moneycontrol.com. http://www.moneycontrol.com/india/news/business/reliance-gets-ready-to-test-east-west-gas-pipeline-/18/12/334102. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  17. ^ "Piped gas in eighteen months: official". The Hindu (India). 2010-10-02. http://www.hindu.com/2010/10/02/stories/2010100252580300.htm. 
  18. ^ "Nikhil, Acalmar edible oil refineries go on stream". The Hindu. 29 March 2002. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2002/03/29/stories/2002032900211300.htm. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "Natural-bio.com". Naturol-bio.com. http://www.naturol-bio.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  20. ^ "Universalbiofuelsltd.com". Universalbiofuelsltd.com. http://www.universalbiofuelsltd.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  21. ^ "RIL enters bio-diesel farming". http://autofeed.msn.co.in/pandorav3/output/Business/05550e54-7612-43a4-8ab6-d08686d38cf9.aspx. Retrieved 2006-11-15. 
  22. ^ "Reliance's new biofuel business model to provide fuel with food". Livemint.com. 20 July 2008. http://www.livemint.com/2008/07/20232412/Reliance8217s-new-biofuel-b.html. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  23. ^ "SPGL.co.in". SPGL.co.in. http://www.spgl.co.in. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  24. ^ "Anil Ambani monitors progress at Samalkot Plant". The Times of India (India). http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-01-22/news/28429445_1_power-plant-samalkot-plant-turbines. 
  25. ^ GVK.com[dead link]
  26. ^ ""Andhra Pradesh News: SEZ paves the way for Kakinada to be IT hub" ''per day''". Hinduonnet.com. 1 September 2007. http://www.hinduonnet.com/2007/09/01/stories/2007090153190300.htm. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  27. ^ "Kakinada zooms ahead as an IT hub-". The Times Of India (India). http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Kakinada-zooms-ahead-as-an-IT-hub-Vadrevu/articleshow/7490454.cms. 
  28. ^ "Infotech-enterprises.com". Infotech-enterprises.com. http://www.infotech-enterprises.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  29. ^ "Avineon.com". Avineon.com. http://www.avineon.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  30. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/common/news_article.php?leftnm=lmnu9&subLeft=2&autono=318667&tab=r
  31. ^ "Avineon expanding". Sify.com. 2 April 2008. http://sify.com/finance/fullstory.php?id=14635665. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  32. ^ "Andhra Pradesh News: US IT firm opens shop in Kakinada". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2008-04-03. http://www.hindu.com/2008/04/03/stories/2008040351210300.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  33. ^ "Firstobjectindia.com". Firstobjectindia.com. http://firstobjectindia.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  34. ^ "3one.in". 3one.in. http://www.3one.in/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  35. ^ "Trewport.com". Trewport.com. http://www.trewport.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  36. ^ "Aaspiretechnologies.com". Aaspiretechnologies.com. http://www.aaspiretechnologies.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  37. ^ "Traceout.com". Traceout.com. http://www.traceout.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  38. ^ "Fore-tell.com". Fore-tell.com. http://www.fore-tell.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  39. ^ "Nyros.com". Nyros.com. http://www.nyros.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  40. ^ "Meconzee.com". Meconzee.com. 16 November 2011. http://www.meconzee.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  41. ^ Eastysolutions.com
  42. ^ "Kakinada gets aqua farming society". The Hindu Business Line. 19 October 2006. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2006/10/19/stories/2006101900512300.htm. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  43. ^ "APSIFT.com". APSIFT.com. http://www.apsift.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  44. ^ "CIFE.edu.in". CIFE.edu.in. http://www.cife.edu.in/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  45. ^ "Andhraelec.com". Andhraelec.com. http://www.andhraelec.com/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  46. ^ "Theaters in Kakinada". Cinealerts.com. http://www.cinealerts.com/kakinada/theater/list/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  47. ^ "Andhrauniversity.info". Andhrauniversity.info. http://andhrauniversity.info. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  48. ^ "Devi Multiplex". Cinealerts.com. http://www.cinealerts.com/kakinada/theater/devi_multiplex/. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  49. ^ "Kotaiah's Foods Pvt. Ltd Since 1900 – Kotaiahs's Kaja". Kakinadakaja.com. http://kakinadakaja.com/. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  50. ^ Khaja continues to be the star attraction of Silao[dead link]

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kakinada — Localidad de la India …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kakinada — (Cocanada), Hafenstadt im Distrikt Godavari der britisch ind. Präsidentschaft Madras, an einem nördlichen Mündungsarm der Godaweri, mit (1901) 47,866 Einw., meist Hindu, ist durch einen schiffbaren Kanal mit Radschamandri verbunden und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kakinada — Kākināda (engl. Cocanada), Hauptstadt des Distr. Godawari in der indobrit. Präsidentsch. Madras, (1901) 48.096 E., Hafen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kākināda — (kākināda) ► C. del S de la India, en el estado de Andhra Pradesh; 279 825 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kakinada —   [kækɪ nɑːdə], Cocanada, Stadt im Bundesstaat Andhra Pradesh, an der Ostküste Indiens, im Norden des Godavarideltas, 280 000 Einwohner; Textil , Nahrungsmittelindustrie, kleine Werften; Hafen (u. a. Umschlag von Rizinusöl, Baumwollsaatöl …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kakinada — Ka·ki·na·da (kä kə näʹdə) A city of southeast India on the Bay of Bengal north northeast of Chennai (Madras). It is primarily an agricultural marketplace. Population: 279,980. * * * ▪ India also called  Cocanada        city, northeastern Andhra… …   Universalium

  • Kakinada — Original name in latin Kkinda Name in other language Cocanada, Coconada, East Godavari, Godavari, Kakinada, Kkinda, Какинада State code IN Continent/City Asia/Kolkata longitude 16.96036 latitude 82.23809 altitude 6 Population 292923 Date 2013 02… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kakinada — geographical name city & port E India in NE Andhra Pradesh on Bay of Bengal population 279,875 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kakinada Khaja — is a sweet delicacy of Bihar state and Andhra Pradesh, India. Since Kakinada, a coastal town in Andhra Pradesh, is popular for Khajas, hence the name.Khajas are sold in the city of Patna, Gaya and several other places across the state of Bihar,… …   Wikipedia

  • Kakinada (Lok Sabha constituency) — Kakinada is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency of Andhra Pradesh.Members of Parliament Lok SabhaDurationName of M.P.Party AffiliationFirst1952 57Ch. V. Rama RaoCommunist Party of IndiaSecond1957 62B. S. MurthyIndian National CongressThird1962 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.