1230s in England

Events from the 1230s in England.

Incumbents

Monarch - Henry III of England

Events

* 1230
** 3 May - King Henry III leads an army to France, and marches on Bordeaux.
** October - Henry returns to England.
** Devotional work "Ancrene Wisse" written.
* 1231
** 24 September - Ralph Neville enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
** Henry fights a campaign against Llywelyn the Great in Wales. [cite web|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=lugwRi4JhBwC&dq|title="The Reign of Henry III", By David Carpenter, page 50|accessdate=2007-12-08]
** June - Llywelyn captures Cardigan Castle and defeats the English, forcing a truce.
** Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, negotiates a 3-year truce wit France.
* 1232
** Pope Gregory IX quashes the election of Ralph Neville as Archbishop of Canterbury.
** 16 March - John of Sittingbourne elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
** 12 June - John of Sittingbourne's election to the Archbishopric of Canterbury quashed.
** 29 July - Henry III dismisses justiciar and regent Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and replaces him with his Poitevin royal favourites Peter de Rivaux and Peter des Roches.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=138–139]
** 26 August - John Blund elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
** 10 November - Hubert de Burgh is stripped of his offices and imprisoned for life.
* 1233
** Peter des Roches takes control of the exchequer and the kingdom's finances.
** 1 June - John Blund's election to the Archbishopric of Canterbury quashed.
** August - Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke allies with Llywelyn against Henry III.
* 1234
** 2 April - Pope Gregory IX consecrates Edmund Rich as Archbishop of Canterbury.
** 16 April - Richard Marshal murdered, defending his estates against Henry's supporters.
** Peter de Rivaux and Peter des Roches fall from power.
** July - Llywelyn makes peace with Henry, retaining control of Cardiganshire.
* 1235
** 15 July - marriage of Isabella of England to Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
** England conquers Connaught.
** August - Five-year truce with France signed.
* 1236
** 14 January - Henry III marries Eleanor of Provence.
** Statute of Merton: The first English statute, clarifies property rights and empowers secular courts to determine issues of legitimacy.
* 1237
** January - At the insistence of the barons, Henry enlarges the royal Council, in return for the imposition of a new tax.
** 25 September - Treaty of York signed between Scotland and England establishes the border between the two countries.
** Henry III installs a leopard house at the Tower of London.
* 1238
** 7 January - Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester marries Eleanor, sister of Henry III.
** 22 February - Henry promises to make reforms demanded by the barons.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 80-82|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
* 1239
** The main tower of Lincoln Cathedral collapses.

Births

* 1231
** John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey (died 1304)
** Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore (died 1282)
* 1238
** November - Henry de Montfort, son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (died 1265)
* 1239
** 17 June - King Edward I of England (died 1307)

Deaths

* 1230
** 25 October - Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, soldier (born 1180)
* 1231
** 6 April - William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (born 1190)
* 1234
** 16 April - Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (year of birth unknown)
* 1236
** 6 May - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler (year of birth unknown)
* 1237
** 15 April - Richard Poore, ecclesiastic (year of birth unknown)
* 1238
** 4 March - Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland (born 1210)
** Hugh le Despenser I, noble (year of birth unknown)
** Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester (year of birth unknown)

References

ee also


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