1230s in England
Events from the
Henry III of England
3 May- King Henry III leads an army to France, and marches on Bordeaux.
** October - Henry returns to England.
** Devotional work "
Ancrene Wisse" written.
24 September- Ralph Nevilleenthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
** Henry fights a campaign against
Llywelyn the Greatin Wales. [cite web|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=lugwRi4JhBwC&dq|title="The Reign of Henry III", By David Carpenter, page 50|accessdate=2007-12-08]
** June - Llywelyn captures
Cardigan Castleand defeats the English, forcing a truce.
Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, negotiates a 3-year truce wit France.
Pope Gregory IXquashes the election of Ralph Neville as Archbishop of Canterbury.
16 March- John of Sittingbourneelected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
12 June- John of Sittingbourne's election to the Archbishopric of Canterbury quashed.
29 July- Henry III dismisses justiciarand regent Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kentand replaces him with his Poitevin royal favourites Peter de Rivauxand Peter des Roches.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=138–139]
26 August- John Blundelected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
10 November- Hubert de Burgh is stripped of his offices and imprisoned for life.
** Peter des Roches takes control of the
exchequerand the kingdom's finances.
1 June- John Blund's election to the Archbishopric of Canterbury quashed.
** August -
Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembrokeallies with Llywelyn against Henry III.
2 April- Pope Gregory IXconsecrates Edmund Richas Archbishop of Canterbury.
16 April- Richard Marshal murdered, defending his estates against Henry's supporters.
** Peter de Rivaux and Peter des Roches fall from power.
** July - Llywelyn makes peace with Henry, retaining control of
15 July- marriage of Isabella of Englandto Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
** England conquers
** August - Five-year truce with France signed.
14 January- Henry III marries Eleanor of Provence.
Statute of Merton: The first English statute, clarifies property rights and empowers secular courts to determine issues of legitimacy.
** January - At the insistence of the barons, Henry enlarges the royal Council, in return for the imposition of a new tax.
25 September- Treaty of Yorksigned between Scotlandand England establishes the border between the two countries.
** Henry III installs a
leopardhouse at the Tower of London.
7 January- Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicestermarries Eleanor, sister of Henry III.
22 February- Henry promises to make reforms demanded by the barons.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 80-82|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
** The main tower of
John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey(died 1304)
Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore(died 1282)
** November -
Henry de Montfort, son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (died 1265)
17 June- King Edward I of England(died 1307)
25 October- Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, soldier (born 1180)
6 April- William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke(born 1190)
16 April- Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke(year of birth unknown)
6 May- Roger of Wendover, Benedictinemonk and chronicler (year of birth unknown)
15 April- Richard Poore, ecclesiastic (year of birth unknown)
4 March- Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland(born 1210)
Hugh le Despenser I, noble (year of birth unknown)
Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester(year of birth unknown)
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