Salix triandra

Taxobox
name = "Salix triandra"
status =


image_width = 240px
image_caption = Leaves and female catkin
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Malpighiales
familia = Salicaceae
genus = "Salix"
species = "S. triandra"
binomial = "Salix triandra"
binomial_authority = L.

"Salix triandra" (Almond Willow or Almond-leaved Willow) is a species of willow native to Europe and western and central Asia, from southeastern England east to Lake Baikal, and south to Spain and the Caucasus and Alborz mountains. It usually grows on river banks and wetlands.Meikle, R. D. (1984). "Willows and Poplars of Great Britain and Ireland". BSBI Handbook No. 4. ISBN 0-901158-07-0.] Rushforth, K. (1999). "Trees of Britain and Europe". Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.] Den Virtuella Floran: [http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/di/salica/salix/salitri.html "Salix triandra" (in Swedish; with maps)] ]

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 10 m tall, usually multistemmed, with an irregular, often leaning crown. The bark is smooth grey-brown at first, becoming scaly on older stems with large scales exfoliating (like a plane tree) to leave orange-brown patches. The leaves are broad lanceolate, 4-11 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, with a serrated margin; they are dull dark green above and green to glaucous-green below, with a 1–2 cm petiole with two conspicuous basal stipules. The flowers are produced in catkins in early spring at the same time as the new leaves, and pollinated by insects. They are dioecious, with male and female catkins on separate trees; the male catkins are 2.5–8 cm long, the female catkins 2–4 cm long. The male flowers have three stamens, a useful identification feature with most other willows having two or five stamens.

The variety "Salix triandra" var. "hoffmanniana" Bab., found in Great Britain, is distinguished by being smaller (rarely over 4 m tall) and densely branched, with smaller leaves 2-7 cm long and 1-2.5 cm wide not glaucous below. It is not considered distinct by all authorities, particularly on continental Europe, so its range outside Britain, if any, is not reported.

The scientific name derives from the male flowers having three stamens. The English name refers to the similarity in leaf shape to Almond leaves.

It readily forms natural hybrids with "Salix viminalis", the hybrid being named "Salix × mollissima" Hoffm. ex Elwert.

Plants from eastern Asia formerly treated as "Salix triandra" var. "nipponica" (Franch. & Savatier) Seem. are now considered a distinct species "Salix nipponica"; it shares the feature of male flowers with three stamens.Flora of China: [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=210001955 "Salix nipponica"] ] In North America, it is replaced by the related "Salix amygdaloides" (Peachleaf Willow), which differs in having male flowers with 4–7 stamens.Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center: [http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/plants/vascplnt/species/samy.htm "Salix amygdaloides"] ]

Cultivation and uses

The shoots (withies) are extensively used for basket-making; it is one of the most important willows for this purpose after "Salix viminalis", with several selected cultivars including 'Black Maul', 'Grizette', 'Mottled Spaniards', 'Sarda', and 'Yellow Dutch'.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salix triandra —   Mimbrera oscura …   Wikipedia Español

  • Salix triandra — Saule à trois étamines Saule à trois étamines …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salix triandra — krantinis gluosnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Gluosninių šeimos dekoratyvinis, rauginis, medingas augalas (Salix triandra), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, Europoje ir vakarų Azijoje. Jo stiebai naudojami dirbiniams. atitikmenys: lot. Salix …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Salix triandra — ID 74769 Symbol Key SATR14 Common Name almond willow Family Salicaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Salix triandra — noun Old World willow with light green leaves cultivated for use in basketry • Syn: ↑almond willow, ↑black Hollander, ↑Salix amygdalina • Hypernyms: ↑osier • Member Holonyms: ↑Salix, ↑ge …   Useful english dictionary

  • Salix triandra L. — дерев., куст.; V Сем. Salicaceae – Ивовые 82. Род Salix L. – Ива 190. Ива трехтычинковая Берега рек и ручьев, заросшие кустарниками луга. Довольно часто, по всему заповеднику …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника

  • Salix triandra — Mandelpil …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Salix triandra L. — Symbol SATR14 Common Name almond willow Botanical Family Salicaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • . SALIX TRIANDRA L. - С ТРЕХТЫЧИНКОВАЯ, БЕЛОТАЛ, ЛОЗА, ТАЛЬНИК — см. 234. Кустарник. . S. triandra L. И. трехтычинковая, Белотал, Лоза, Тальник Sp. pl. (1753) 1016. Фл. СССР V (1936) 184. Ларин и др. II (1951) 23, рис. Правдин (1952) 16, рис. S у n. S. amygdalina L.; S. hastata et S. pentandra. Thuill.;… …   Справочник растений

  • Salix — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Sauce (desambiguación). ? Sauces …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.