Hortobágy

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Hortobágy National Park - the "Puszta"


State Party = HUN
Type = Cultural
Criteria = iv, v
ID = 474
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 1999
Session = 23rd
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/474

Hortobágy (IPA2|ɦortobaːɟ) is a village in Hajdú-Bihar county in Hungary. It is also a name of a part of Alföld (Great Plain) in eastern Hungary, near Debrecen. It was designated as a national park in 1973 (the first national park in Hungary), and elected among the World Heritage sites in 1999. The Hortobágy is Hungary's largest protected area, and the largest natural grassland in Europe [ [http://www.whcmeeting.hu/hu/information/venue.html A Világörökség Bizottság 26. Ülése ] ] . Its area is over 800 km².

Hortobágy is similar to a steppe, a grassy plain with cattle, sheep, oxen, and horses, tended by herdsmen, and it provides habitat for various different species (342 bird species have been registered to appear). Its emblematic sight is the Nine-holed Bridge, and this is the place for traditional sweep wells. Visitors might find mirage as well here.

Up to now it was known that this alkaline steppe was formed by cutting huge forests in the Middle Ages and then the river control of the Tisza finished this process with changing the soil's structure and pH. However, Hortobágy is much older, alkalinization started ten thousand years ago, when the Tisza found its way through the Great Hungarian Plain and "decapitated" the little rivers sourcing in the Northern Mountains. The real formation was finished by grazing animals, mammoths and wild horses in the Ice Age, and domesticated animals later.

ee also

* List of national parks of Hungary
* Puszta

References

External links

* [http://www.visitors.hu/08_03_en.html Hungary for Visitors description]
* [http://www.magyarorszag.hu/angol/orszaginfo/turizmus/latnivalo/e_alfold/northernplain.html Magyarország.hu description]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hortobagy — Hortobágy Wappen Karte Basisdaten Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Hortobágy —   [ hortobaːdj] die, Gebiet in Nordostungarn, zwischen Theiß und Debrecen, durchflossen vom gleichnamigen Fluss. Bis zum Ansturm der Türken im 16. Jahrhundert weitgehend eine fruchtbare Ebene, die sich nach Abholzen der schützenden Wälder in eine …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hortobágy — (spr. hórtobādj), 1) Fluß und Pußta, s. Debrecziner Heide. – 2) Fluß, s. Körös. – 3) (Harbach) Fluß in Ungarn, entspringt im Komitat Groß Kokelburg (Siebenbürgen), durchschneidet einen Teil des Komitats Hermannstadt und mündet nach 82 km langem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Hortobagy — Original name in latin Hortobgy Name in other language State code HU Continent/City Europe/Budapest longitude 47.58278 latitude 21.15108 altitude 88 Population 1745 Date 2010 02 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Hortobágy (film) — Hortobágy est un film hongrois réalisé en 1936 par George Hoellering. Sorti sur les écrans américains en 1940, ce film prend pour cadre la vie des bergers et des gardiens de chevaux dans une partie de l immense plaine hongroise, comprise autour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parc national Hortobágy — Puits dans la Puszta d Hortobágy Catégorie UICN II (parc national) Identifiant 679 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parque Nacional del Hortobágy — la Puszta Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanida …   Wikipedia Español

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