Seder


Seder

Seder (plural: "sedarim") is a Hebrew word meaning "order", and can have any of the following meanings:

For Jewish holidays:
*"Passover Seder", relives the enslavement and subsequent Exodus of the Children of Israel from Ancient Egypt
*There is also a "seder" for the minor Jewish holiday of Tu Bishvat, the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Shevat. It is known as "Hemdat ha-Yamim" and is modeled on the Passover seder.

In the Hebrew Bible:
*A portion of a biblical book in the masoretic text of the Tanakh. For the Torah, these portions reflect the triennial cycle of Torah readings in the ancient Land of Israel (as opposed to the annual weekly Torah readings known today). For Nevi'im and Ketuvim they are quantitative divisions of the biblical text.
*A colloquial term for the annual weekly Torah portion as known today.

Relating to Talmudic texts:
*One of the six orders (major sections) of the Mishnah: (1) Zeraim, (2) Moed, (3) Nashim, (4) Nezikin, (5) Kodashim, and (6) Tohorot.
*A session in a daily yeshiva schedule, lasting one or more hours, dedicated to the preparation and review of Talmudic texts by chavrutas (learning partners).

In Jewish liturgy:
*An order of prayers that constitutes a liturgy, similar to the word "siddur"; example: "The Seder of Rav Amram Gaon". See the article on siddur for this meaning.
*A related section of service within a given liturgy; for example: the "seder" of sounding the shofar.

In Jewish mysticism:
*The Kabbalistic "Evolution of the Worlds"; see "Seder hishtalshelus".


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seder — Séder Repas de Seder …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Séder — La table du Séder Sources halakhiques Textes dans la Loi juive relatifs à cet article Mishna Pessa him …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SEDER — (Heb. סֵדֶר; order, arrangement ). The word seder occurs only once in the Bible, in the plural (Job. 10:22), but it is extensively used in rabbinical literature. The best known of these uses are the following: (1) The pericopes of the Bible… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Seder — [sā′dər] n. pl. Sedarim [sə där′im] or Seders [Heb seder, lit., order, arrangement < root sdr, to arrange, order] [also s ] Judaism the feast commemorating the exodus of the Jews from Egypt, observed in the home by the reading of the Haggada… …   English World dictionary

  • Seder — (hebr., Ordnung), Titel von Büchern, welche Vorschriften, Verhaltungsregeln etc. enthalten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Seder — (hebr.), s. Passah …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seder — a special dinner which takes place on the first two nights of ↑Passover and is held to remember the occasion when the Jewish people left Egypt …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Seder — home service on the first nights of Passover, 1865, from Heb. sedher order, procedure, related to sedherah row, rank …   Etymology dictionary

  • seder — séder m DEFINICIJA jud. 1. obiteljska večera u predvečerje blagdana Pesaha s ustaljenim redom obreda i simboličnih radnji; čita se i pjeva Hagada 2. šest poglavlja na koja je podijeljena Mišna 3. podjela Biblije na odlomke, perikope, za ciklično… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • seder — Seder, et appaiser une douleur, Sedare dolorem …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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