1280s in England

Events from the 1280s in England.

Incumbents

Monarch - Edward I of England

Events

* 1280
** University College, Oxford established.
* 1281
* 1282
** 21 March - Dafydd ap Gruffydd leads rebellion in Wales.
** 11 December - The English defeat the Welsh at the Battle of Orewin Bridge.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=148–150]
** First Trial of the Pyx, a procedure for measuring the standard of minted coins, held. [cite web|url=http://www.royalmint.gov.uk/Corporate/AboutUs/MakingCoins/TrialofPyx.aspx|title=Trial of the Pyx, The Royal Mint website|accessdate=2007-12-03]
* 1283
** 25 April - The last independent Welsh stronghold, Bere Castle, falls to the English.
** 3 October - The Welsh Prince Dafydd ap Gruffydd executed in Shrewsbury.
** A Parliament assembles in Acton Burnell, Shropshire and is the first to include commoners.
* 1284
** 3 March - the Statute of Rhuddlan extends English law to Wales.
** The first "Round Table" tournament held, at Nefyn.
** Peterhouse, the oldest college of the University of Cambridge, established.
* 1285
** The writ of Circumspecte Agatis establishes which issues may be tried in ecclesiastical courts.
** Easter - Enactment of the second of the Statutes of Westminster, defining inheritance laws, and containing the clause "de donis conditionalibus". [UK-SLD|1517444|The Statute of Westminster the Second (De Donis Conditionalibus) 1285 (c. 1) retrieved on 3 December 2007]
** September - Statute of Winchester introduces new measures against crime and re-defines the right to bear arms.
* 1286
** 5 June - Edward I of England pays homage to Philip IV of France.
* 1287
** Rebellion in south Wales.
** The town of Old Winchelsea destroyed in flooding.
** The town of New Winchelsea is established 12 miles away on higher ground.
* 1288
** Welsh rebellion suppressed.
* 1289
** 6 November - Treaty of Salisbury: Edward agrees to help Margaret, Maid of Norway in her bid for the Scottish throne.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 90-91|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]

Births

* 1281
** Richard De Bury, statesman (died 1345)
** Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (died 1345)
* 1282
** Marguerite of France, daughter of Philip III of France and Queen consort of Edward I of England (died 1317)
* 1284
** 25 April - King Edward II of England (died 1327)
* 1285
** 1 May - Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, politician (died 1326)
* 1286
** 30 June - John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, politician (died 1347)
** Hugh the younger Despenser (died 1326)
* 1287
** 24 January - Richard Aungerville, writer and bishop (died 1345)
** 25 April - Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (died 1330)

Deaths

* 1282
** 25 August - Thomas de Cantilupe, politician and priest (born c. 1218)
** Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore (born 1231)
* 1284
** 19 August - Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (born 1273)
* 1285
** 13 May - Robert de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros (born c. 1213)
* 1286
** 9 November - Roger Northwode, statesman (born 1230)
** Hugh de Balsham, Bishop of Ely (year of birth unknown)
** William of Moerbeke, Dominican classicist (born 1215)
* 1288
** Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (born 1222)

References

ee also


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