Strudel


Strudel
Apfelstrudel

A strudel (English pronunciation: / ˈstruːd.ᵊl/, German: [ˈʃtʁuː.dəl]) is a type of layered pastry with a — most often sweet — filling inside, often served with cream. It became well known and gained popularity in the 18th century through the Habsburg Empire.

Strudel is most often associated with Austrian cuisine but is also a traditional pastry in the whole area formerly belonging to the Austro-Hungarian empire.

The oldest Strudel recipe (a Millirahmstrudel) is from 1696, a handwritten recipe at the Viennese City Library, Wiener Stadtbibliothek. The pastry has its origins in the similar Byzantine Empire or Middle Eastern pastries (see baklava and Turkish cuisine).

Etymology

Strudel is a loanword in English from German.[1] The word itself derives from the German word Strudel, which in Middle High German literally means "whirlpool" or "eddy".[2][3]

In Hungary it is known as rétes, in Bosnia as štrudla, in Slovenia as štrudelj or zavitek, in the Czech Republic as závin or štrúdl,[4] in Romania as ștrudel, in Croatia and Serbia as štrudla or savijača and Slovakia as štrúdľa or závin).

The pastry

The best-known kinds of strudel are Apfelstrudel (German for apple strudel) and Topfenstrudel (with sweet soft quark cheese, in German Topfen cheese), followed by the Millirahmstrudel (Milk-cream strudel, Milchrahmstrudel). In Slovenia, cottage cheese is used instead of quark.[5] Other strudel types include sour cherry (Weichselstrudel), sweet cherry, nut filled (Nussstrudel), Apricot Strudel, Plum Strudel and poppy seed strudel (Mohnstrudel) or raisins.[6] There are also savoury strudels incorporating spinach, cabbage, pumpkin, and sauerkraut,[7] and versions containing meat fillings like the (Lungenstrudel) or (Fleischstrudel).

Traditional Austrian Strudel pastry is different from strudels served in other parts of the world that are often made from puff pastry. The traditional Strudel pastry dough is very elastic. It is made[8] from flour with a high gluten content, egg, water, and butter with no sugar added. The dough is worked vigorously, rested, and then rolled out and stretched by hand very thinly. Pertaining to anecdotes, purists say, it should be so thin that a newspaper can be read through it. A legend has it that the Austrian Emperor's perfectionist cook decreed that it should be possible to read a love letter through it. The thin dough is laid out on a tea towel, and the filling is spread on it. The dough with the filling on top is rolled up carefully with the help of the towel and baked in the oven.

References

  1. ^ Loanwords in English
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, second edition. 1989.
  3. ^ From Old High German stredan "to bubble, boil, whirl, eddy", according to etymonline.
  4. ^ recepty/závin
  5. ^ Cottage Cheese Strudel
  6. ^ June Meyers Authentic Hungarian Heirloom Recipes Cookbook
  7. ^ Gundel, Karoly (1992). Gundel's Hungarian cookbook. Budapest: Corvina. ISBN 963-13-3600-X. OCLC 32227400. page 127
  8. ^ Real Homemade Strudel Dough

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ştrudel — ŞTRÚDEL, ştrudele, s.n. Plăcintă făcută din foi subţiri umplute cu mere, brânză, nuci etc. şi rulate în formă de sul. – Din germ. Strudel. Trimis de RACAI, 07.12.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  ştrúdel s. n., pl. ştrúdele Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004.… …   Dicționar Român

  • strudel — [ ʃtrudɶl ] n. m. • attesté XXe; all. Apfelstrudel « roulé aux pommes » ♦ Pâtisserie garnie de morceaux de pomme et de raisins secs parfumés à la cannelle. Des strudels. ● strudel nom masculin (allemand Apfelstrudel, roulé aux pommes) Gâteau fait …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Strudel — Strudel: Das zuerst spätmhd. als strodel, strudel »Strömung, Stromschnelle« bezeugte, nur dt. Wort gehört wie das Verb strudeln (spätmhd. strodeln, strudeln »sieden, brodeln«) zu dem untergegangenen starken Verb ahd. stredan »wallen,… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • strudel — (n.) kind of Austrian pastry, 1893, from Ger. Strudel, lit. eddy, whirlpool, from O.H.G. stredan to bubble, boil, whirl, eddy, from PIE root *ser to flow (see SERUM (Cf. serum)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Strudel — Strudel, 1) ein Wasserwirbel, eine Stelle, wo sich das Wasser kreisförmig bewegt; in Flüssen ist an solchen Stellen der Grund häufig tief ausgewühlt od. mit Triebsand angefüllt; 2) eine Stelle, wo das Wasser eine ähnliche Bewegung hat, aber… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Strudel [1] — Strudel, ein Wasserwirbel oder eine Stelle, an der sich das Wasser kreis oder spiralförmig nach unten dreht, wobei sich bisweilen in der Mitte eine trichterförmige Vertiefung bildet. Solche S. kommen häufig in Verbindung mit Wasserfällen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Strudel [2] — Strudel, in Bayern und Österreich beliebte Mehlspeise aus dünn aufgetriebenem Nudel oder Hefenteig, der, mit Obst, gewiegtem Fleisch, Schokolade, Krebsen, Mandeln, Mark, Rosinen etc. bedeckt, zusammengerollt und in einer Kasserolle gebacken wird …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • štrúdel — (štrúdl) m (štrúdla ž) reg. kulin., {{c=1}}v. {{ref}}savijača{{/ref}} ✧ {{001f}}austr.njem …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Strudel — Sm std. (15. Jh.) Stammwort. Abgeleitet von ahd. stredan Vst. wallen, strudeln ohne klare Vergleichsmöglichkeit. Die Mehlspeise gleichen Namens war ursprünglich schneckenförmig, daher die Bedeutungsübertragung. S. auch strullen. ✎ Seebold (1970) …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • strudel — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż III, D. strudeldla; lm D. strudeldli {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} cienko rozwałkowane ciasto zawijane z owocami (czasem makiem) i pieczone z dużą ilością masła <niem.> {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • strudel — [stro͞od′ l] n. [Ger, lit., whirlpool < OHG stredan, to rush, bubble up < IE * sret < base * ser , to flow, gush > SERUM] a kind of pastry made of a very thin sheet of dough covered with apple slices, cherries, cheese, etc., rolled up …   English World dictionary


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