Luparii were royal officials responsible for controlling wolf populations in France during the Middle Ages. The office was created by Charlemagne in 813. Luparii were paid for each slain wolf, and their hunts were funded by the crown. In severe cases of wolf aggression extra finances were appropriated to the luparii, which were typically spent in organizing grand hunts with beaters or by lacing dead animals with poison and leaving them in afflicted areas. Pastoral societies like France depended on the survival of livestock like sheep and goats, perennial quarry of wolves, and thus the luparii enjoyed great renown and favour at court. Wolf "plagues" were also common and luparii often found themselves defending the kingdom from predatory aggression. The tradition of rewarding wolf kills with a bounty existed even into the modern period, and shepherds in France could expect payment from local government officials if they presented a wolf carcass. Luparii were responsible for the initial reduction of the wolf population in France, which would become decimated in later centuries. The luparii had a vast terminology; a "grand vieux loup" was a term used to describe an old, solitary male. A "loup chevalier" was a wolf which regularly attacked horses. A "loup lévrier" was a name given to exceptionally fast wolves. A "loup moutonnier" was a wolf specialised in killing sheep. A wolf den was reffered to as a "lovière". Wolf-dog crossbreds were reffered to as "lycisca".

The office of luparii is today known as the Wolfcatcher Royal.

ee also

*Wolf hunting
*Medieval hunting


#Thompson, Richard H. "Wolf-Hunting in France in the Reign of Louis XV: The Beast of the Gévaudan". Lewistown: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1991.
#"Impact of Wolves (Canis lupus) on wild and domestic ungulates in the massif of Mercantour" []
#fr iconÉlise Rousseau "Anthologie du Loup". delachaux et niestlé, 2006.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LUPARII — Gall. Louvetiers, in Gallia inprimis appellati, qui lupos ex instituto, vel ex officio insectabantur ac venabantur. Cum enim, Septenttionalium gentium crebris incursibus, magna vastitas regno illata esset, tantopere hae ferae multiplicatae sunt,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Wolf hunting — is the practice of hunting grey wolves (Canis lupus) or other lupine animals. Wolves are mainly hunted for sport, for their skins, to protect livestock, and in some rare cases to protect humans. Wolves have been actively hunted since 12,000 to 13 …   Wikipedia

  • lupărie — LUPĂRÍE, lupării, s.f. (Rar) Mulţime de lupi. – Lup + suf. ărie. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  lupăríe s. f., art. lupăría, g. d. art. lupăríei; pl. lupăríi, art. lupăríile …   Dicționar Român

  • Medieval hunting — King William I and King Harold II of England, Bayeux Tapestry. Throughout Western Europe in the Middle Ages, men hunted wild animals. While game was at times an important source of food, it was rarely the principal source of nutrition. Hunting… …   Wikipedia

  • Wolfcatcher Royal — (French: louvetier royal , now called lieutenant de louvetérie , gran louvetier ) was a prestigious office in the House of the King during the Ancien Régime and Bourbon Restoration of France, tracing its inception to the luparii of Charlemagne.… …   Wikipedia

  • Wolfers — was a term used to refer to both professional and civilian wolf hunters who operated in North America in the 19th and early 20th centuries.During the gold rushes of the 1840s, 50s and 60s, some of the participating men turned to wolfing when the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gibier — Le gibier est l ensemble des animaux sauvages (hors poissons, crustacés, coquillages, fruits de mer et mammifères marins) que l on chasse pour en consommer ou vendre la viande, dite « viande de brousse » en zone tropicale. Nature morte… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lieutenant de louveterie — Blason du grand louvetier, le marquis de Flamarens, le comte de Flamarens en survivance. Le lieutenant de louveterie est un officier public chargé de la chasse des loups, spécialement dans les sociétés d’Ancien Régime. La fonction existe toujours …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louveterie — Blason du grand louvetier, le marquis de Flamarens, le comte de Flamarens en survivance. En France, la louveterie est une institution créée par Charlemagne par le capitulaire de Villis en 813 et chargée de procéder à la destruction des loups …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Loup dans la culture — Loups sur une enluminure du Bestiaire d Aberdeen Le loup est l animal le plus emblématique de l histoire de l Eurasie, il était à l honneur durant l Antiquité chez la totalité des anciens peuples européens[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.