:"This article is about the former Arab village, for the moshav see
Gimzo"Infobox Former Arab villages in Palestine
population=1,510 [ [http://www.palestineremembered.com/download/VillageStatistics/Table%20I/al-Ramla/Page-067.jpgAl-Ramla District Stats] from [http://www.palestineremembered.com/Articles/General-2/Story3150.html Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine] (1970) Hadawi, Sami. The Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center]
date=10 - 11 July
Jimzu ( _ar. جمزو, also known as Gimzo) was a Palestinian village, located three miles southeast of Lydda. Under the
1947 UN Partition Planof British Mandate Palestine, Jimzu was to form part of the proposed Arabstate. [ [http://domino.un.org/maps/m0103_1b.gifMap of UN Partition Plan] ] During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the village was depopulated in a two-day assault by Israeli forces.
1949 armistice agreement, Jimzu's lands fell under the "de facto" governance of the newly created state of Israel. A year later, Moshav Gimzo was established at the site of the former village and is now populated by 700 Israeli Jewish residents.
Jimzu is also thought to be the site of ancient Gimzo, a city in the plain of
Judahwhose villages were seized by the Philistines(as recorded in the Book of Chronicles).cite web|title=Gimzo ... Glass|publisher=The Illustrated Bible Dictionary|accessdate=2007-12-03|url=http://emeagwali.com/books/bible/ebd/ebd149.shtml]
Gimzo is first mentioned in the
Biblewhen the Plishtimconquered the area from King Ahaz in an attempt to enlarge their borders. In the Book of Chronicles II:28:18, it is recorded as one of many city centers with their surrounding villages that was invaded and settled by the Philistines.
Gimzo was the home of the Jewish sage,
Nahum of Gimzo.
Jizmu was occupied by the
Yiftach Brigadeof the Haganahon July 10, 1948, in the first phase of Operation Dani.cite web|title=Jizmu:District of al-Ramla|publisher=Palestine Remembered|accessdate=2007-12-03|url=http://www.palestineremembered.com/al-Ramla/Jimzu/index.html]
"The intention, from the first, was to depopulate [Jimzu and surrounding villages] . On 10 July, Yiftah Brigade HQ informed Dani HQ: Our forces are clearing the 'Innaba-Jimzu-Daniyal area and are torching everything that can be burned.'" [Benny Morris, 2004: "The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited", p. 435]The following day (
11 July) Yiftach informed Dani Headquarters, that its forces had conquered Jimzu and Daniyal and were "busy clearing the villages and blowing up the houses ["´oskot betihur hakfarim u´fitzutz habatim"] " [Yiftah HQ∖Intelligence to Dani HQ, etc., 11 July 1948, IDFA 922∖75∖∖1237. Quoted in Morris, 2004, pp.435] All of Jimzu's inhabitants left as a result of the assault by Israeli forces. Its 434 homes were demolished on September 13 1948.
Founding of Moshav Gimzo
Israeli moshavnamed Gimzo was founded by a group of Jewish settlers from Hungarycalled "Etz Chaim" ("tree of life"), affiliated with the Poalei Agudat Yisraelpolitical party, on February 28, 1950.cite web|title=Moshav Gimzo|publisher=Moshav Gimzo|accessdate=2007-12-03|url=http://www.gimzo.org.il/html/english-about.html] In 1951, the Israeli government settled a group of immigrants from Moroccothere to enlarge the population. In 1977, a new group of 12 young families settled there as well.
Presently, the approximately 700 residents of Moshav Gimzo include
Charediand Orthodox Jewish residents of both Sephardicand Ashkenazibackgrounds who lead a "religious- Zionistlifestyle".
List of villages depopulated during the Arab-Israeli conflict
* [http://www.gimzo.org.il/html/english-about.html Homepage of Moshav Gimzo]
* [http://www.thisweekinpalestine.com/details.php?id=2140&ed=140&edid=140 Carob, Fennel, and the Red Soil of Gimzo: Crafting Palestinian Identity]
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