- Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
official_name = Ste. Genevieve, Missouri
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Ste. Genevieve's oldest house -- the Bolduc House -- showing its vertical log construction
mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 = U.S. Census Map
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Ste. Genevieve
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 10.8
area_land_km2 = 10.8
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 4.2
area_land_sq_mi = 4.2
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 4476
population_density_km2 = 415.7
population_density_sq_mi = 1076.7
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 117
elevation_ft = 384
latd = 37 |latm = 58 |lats = 37 |latNS = N
longd = 90 |longm = 2 |longs = 55 |longEW = W
Ste. Genevieve, sometimes known as Ste. Geneviève, is a city in Ste. Genevieve County,
Missouri, United States. The population was 4,476 people at the 2000 census. It is the county seatof Ste. Genevieve County.GR|6
Ste. Genevieve is the oldest permanent settlement in Missouri founded in 1735 or before about two miles south of its present location on the banks of the
Mississippi RiverIt is the oldest town west of the Mississippi River in the area that would become the Louisiana Purchase.
At the time of its founding Ste. Genevieve formed a sort of triangle of French control over the
Illinois Countrywith Fort de Chartresthe official capitol of the country about 5 miles northeast of Ste. Genevieve and Kaskaskia, Illinois(Illinois' first capital as a state) five miles southeast.
A census states that Ste. Genevieve was settled at least by the year 1752. Some accounts place the settlement there as early as 1722.
In 1763 the French ceded the land east of the Mississippi to
Great Britainin the Treaty of Paris that ended North America's French and Indian Warand Europe's Seven Years' War. Creoles from Canada and east of the Mississippi flocked to Ste. Genevieve after George IIIissued the Royal Proclamation of 1763which turned over all of the captured French land -- except Quebec-- into an Indian Reserve and ordered all settlers to leave or get British permission to stay.
After settling on the west bank the French and Creole settlers were to discover that France had also secretly turned over the west bank to
Spainto form Louisiana (New Spain)via the secret Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)although the community retained the French language and character. The capital of Upper Louisiana moved from Fort de Chartres 50 miles up the Mississippi to St. Louis, Missouri.
Following a flood in 1785 the town moved from its initial location immediately next to the Mississippi about a half mile inland and two miles north.
The oldest buildings of Ste. Genevieve, which are described as "French colonial", were all built during the Spanish rule. The most distinctive buildings during this period were the "vertical wooden post" constructions where walls of buildings were built based on slabs of wood "posts" either dug into the ground or on a raised stone or brick foundation, as opposed to the classic American
log cabinwhere the logs are stacked horizontally.
Of the vertical slab houses the ones considered most distinctive are "poteaux en terre" ("posts-in-the-ground") where the walls made of upright wooden slabs do not support the floor. The floor is supported by separate stone pillars. The walls of these types of buildings, partially buried in earth, were extremely vulnerable to flood damage, termites and rot. Three of the five surviving "poteaux en terre" houses in the entire country are in Ste. Genevieve. The other two are
Pascagoula, Mississippi, and near Natchitoches, Louisiana.
Most of the oldest buildings in the town are "poteaux sur solle" ("posts-on-a-sill") in which the wooden structure was placed on a raised stone or brick foundation. The town's oldest structure is the
Bolduc Housewhich was built as a small structure in 1770 at Ste. Genevieve's original riverfront location but was then moved and expanded in 1785.
Ste. Genevieve celebrates its heritage with an annual festival, Jour de Fete, celebrated the second weekend in August. The
Ste. Genevieve-Modoc Ferryacross the Mississippi Riveris nicknamed the "French Connection" because of its link to other French sites in the area.
Lewis F. Linn(1796 - 1843)- U.S. Senator (1795-1843)
Lewis V. Bogy(1813 - 1877)- U.S. Senator (1872-77)
Pierre Gibault- Jesuit Minister in 1700s
Charles Nerinckx- Sisters of Lorettomissionary in 1700s
William Pope McArthur- first mapmaker of U.S. Pacific Coast
Robert Moore (Oregon pioneer)- Oregon pioneer and founder of Linn City, Oregon
Nathaniel Pope- Representative from Illinois
Philippe-François de Rastel de Rocheblave- Canadian military and political figure in 1700s
John Hardeman Walker- U.S. Congressman
Ste. Genevieve is located at coor dms|37|58|37|N|90|2|55|W|city (37.976960, -90.048672)GR|1. According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (10.8 km²), all of it land.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 4,476 people, 1,818 households, and 1,154 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,076.7 people per square mile (415.4/km²). There were 1,965 housing units at an average density of 472.7/sq mi (182.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.07% White, 2.14% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population.
There were 1,818 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,929, and the median income for a family was $43,125. Males had a median income of $31,546 versus $19,804 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,361. About 7.8% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
* [http://stegenevieve.net/ Ste. Genevieve Co, MO Historical and Genealogical Resources]
* [http://www.saintegenevieve.org/ Sainte Genevieve Chamber of Commerce]
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