Moša Pijade


Moša Pijade
Major General
Moša Pijade
4th President
of the Federal Assembly of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
In office
January 29, 1954 – March 15, 1957
Preceded by Milovan Djilas
Succeeded by Petar Stambolic
Personal details
Born January 4, 1890
Beograd, Kingdom of Serbia
Died 15 March 1957(1957-03-15) (aged 67)
Paris, French Fourth Republic
Nationality Yugoslav
Political party League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ)
Occupation Painter, Art critic, Publicist, Revolutionary, Resistance commander, Statesman
Religion None (Atheist) (Originally Judaism)
Military service
Allegiance Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Service/branch Yugoslav People's Army
Rank Major General of Yugoslav People's Army
Commands Yugoslav Partisans
Yugoslav People's Army
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Order of the People's Hero
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Order of the Hero of Socialist Labour
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Order of the brotherhood and unity
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Order of the partisan star
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Order of the National liberation
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Order for courageousness

Moša Pijade (Serbian Cyrillic: Мoшa Пиjaдe; born Belgrade, January 4, 1890, died Paris, March 15, 1957), nicknamed Čiča Janko (Чича Јанко) was a prominent Yugoslavian/Serbian Communist of Sephardic Jewish origin, a close collaborator of Josip Broz Tito, former President of Yugoslavia, and full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

In his youth, Pijade was a painter, art critic and publicist. He was also known for translating Das Kapital by Karl Marx into Serbo-Croatian. He is thought to have had a major influence on Marxist ideology as exposed during the old regime in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1925, he was sentenced to 20 years in prison because of his 'revolutionary activities' after the World War I. He was discharged after 14 years in 1939 and imprisoned again in 1941 in the camp Bileć.

He was known as the creator of so-called 'Foča regulations' (1942), which prescribed the foundation and activity of people's liberation committees in the liberated territories during the war against the Nazis. In November 1943, before the second AVNOJ meeting in Jajce, he initiated the foundation of Tanjug, which later became the state news agency of SFR Yugoslavia, nowadays of Serbia.

Pijade held high political posts during and after World War II and was a member of the Central Committee and the Politburo of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. He was one of the leaders of Tito's partisans and was subsequently proclaimed People's Hero of Yugoslavia. He was one of six Vice Presidents of the Presidium of the Yugoslavian Parliament (deputy head of state) 1945–1953.

After having led the law commission of the Parliament, he was Vice-President (1953–1954) and President of the Yugoslavian Parliament or Skupština (1954–1955). In 1957, he died in Paris during the return from a visit to London where he had talks as leader of a Yugoslav parliamentary delegation.

Streets in many cities of the former Yugoslav countries were once named after him.

See also

References


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