United Grand Lodge of England

The United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE) is the main governing body of Freemasonry within England and Wales and in some countries, predominantly ex-British Empire and Commonwealth countries outside the United Kingdom. It is the oldest Grand Lodge in the world, deriving its origin from 1717.] Together with the Grand Lodge of Ireland and the Grand Lodge of Scotland they are often referred to, by their members, as “the home Grand Lodges" or "the Home Constitutions."

History

On 24 June, 1717, four London lodges came together at the Goose and Gridiron Ale House, St Paul’s Churchyard and formed themselves into a Grand Lodge for the purposes of an annual dinner. Anthony Sayer was elected as the first Grand Master, in 1718 succeeded by George Payne. In 1721, under the Duke of Montagu as Grand Master, the Grand Lodge established itself as a regulatory body over the craft in England and began meeting on a quarterly basis. Prior to 1717 there was evidence of Freemasons entering in both England and Scotland with the earliest being in Scotland.

The City of London Corporation has erected a Blue Plaque near the location of the original Inn.

The Constitutions of Masonry [ [http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libraryscience/25/ The Constitutions of the Free-Masons] ] were published, by James Anderson, in 1723 for the purposes of regulating the craft and establishing the authority for Lodges to meet.

The creation of Lodges followed the development of the Empire with the three home Grand Lodges warranting Lodges around the world, including the Americas, India and Africa, from the 1730s.

Throughout the early years of the new Grand Lodge there were any number of Masons and lodges that never affiliated with the new Grand Lodge. These unaffiliated Masons and their Lodges were referred to as "Old Masons," or "St. John Masons, and "St. John Lodges". [Coil, Henry W. (1961). Two articles: "England, Grand Lodge of, According to the Old Institutions," pp. 237-240; and "Saints John," pp. 589-590. Coil's Masonic Encyclopedia. (rev. ed. 1996). Richmond, Va: Macoy Publ. & Masonic Supply Co. Inc.]

During the 1730s and 1740s antipathy increased between the London Grand Lodge and the Grand Lodges of Ireland and Scotland. Irish and Scots Masons visiting and living in London considered the London Grand Lodge to have considerably deviated from the ancient practices of the Craft. As a result, these Masons felt a stronger kinship with the unaffiliated London Lodges. The aristocratic nature of the London Grand Lodge and its members alienated other Masons of the City causing them also to identify with the unaffiliated Lodges.Jones, Bernard E. (1950). Freemasons' Guide and Compendium, (rev. ed. 1956) London: Harrap Ltd.]

On 17 July 1751, representatives of five Lodges gathered at the Turk's Head Tavern, in Greek Street, Soho, London - forming a rival Grand Lodge - The Most Ancient and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons. They believed that they practiced a more ancient and therefore purer form of Masonry, and called their Grand Lodge "The Ancients' Grand Lodge". They called those affiliated to the Premier Grand Lodge, by the pejorative epithet "The Moderns". These two unofficial names stuck. [Batham, Cyril N. (1981). "The Grand Lodge of England According to the Old Institutions, otherwise known as The Grand Lodge of the Antients." The Collected Prestonian Lectures, 1975-1987, Vol. Three. London (1988): Lewis Masonic.]

An illustration of how deep the division was between the two factions is the case of Benjamin Franklin who was a member of a Moderns' Lodge in Philadelphia. Upon returning from France it transpired that his Lodge had changed to (and had received a new warrant from) the Ancients Grand Lodge; no longer recognizing him and declining to give him "Masonic Honours" at his funeral. ["Revolutionary Brotherhood", by Steven C. Bullock, Univ. N. Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1996]

In 1809 the two Grand Lodges appointed Commissioners to negotiate an equable Union. Over a period of four years the articles of Union were negotiated and agreed and a ritual developed reconciling those worked by the two Grand Lodges. On 27 December 1813 a ceremony was held at Freemasons' Hall, London forming the United Grand Lodge of England with HRH the Duke of Sussex (younger son of King George III) as the Grand Master. The combined ritual was termed the "Emulation Ritual" and adopted as a standard ritual by UGLE, although other rituals continue to be used in many lodges.

Current position

Today, the United Grand Lodge of England or Grand Lodge is organised into a number of subordinate lodges. The Provincial Grand Lodges are approximately equivalent to the historic counties of England. These form the local administration of the organisation. In London it is known as a Metropolitan Grand Lodge. Overseas jurisdictions that are controlled by Grand Lodge are organised into District Grand Lodges. There are a small number of lodges that are ungrouped and are administered directly from Grand Lodge.

Grand Masters

* Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex (1813 - 1843)
* Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland (1844 - 1870)
* George Robinson, 3rd Earl de Grey and 2nd Earl of Ripon (1st Marquess of Ripon from 1871) (1870 - 1874)
* Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (1874 - 1901)
* Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1901 - 1939)
* Prince George, Duke of Kent (1939 - 1942)
* Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood (1942 - 1947)
* Edward Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire (1947 - 1950)
* Lawrence Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough (1951 - 1967)
* Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (1967 - present)

Notes

External links

* [http://www.grandlodge-england.org/ UGLE official website]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United Grand Lodge of England — Die Vereinigte Großloge von England (engl. United Grand Lodge of England, UGLoE) ist die erste Großloge der Freimaurerei in der Welt. In der sich selbst als „regulär“ bezeichnenden Freimaurerei steht sie effektiv an deren Spitze. (Freemasons… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Premier Grand Lodge of England — The Premier Grand Lodge of England was founded on 24 June 1717 as the Grand Lodge of London and Westminster and it existed until 1813 when it united with the Ancient Grand Lodge of England to create the United Grand Lodge of England. It was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antient Grand Lodge of England — The Antient Grand Lodge of England or Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of England, according to the Old Constitutions was a rival Grand Lodge to the Premier Grand Lodge of England. It existed from 1751 until 1813 when the United Grand… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge — A Grand Lodge, or Grand Orient , is the usual governing body of Craft , or Blue Lodge , Freemasonry in a particular jurisdiction. The first Masonic Grand Lodge was established in England in 1717 as the Premier Grand Lodge of England. [Morris, S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge of Texas — Infobox Grand Lodge name=Grand Lodge of Texas A.F. A.M. motto latin= caption=Seal of the Grand Lodge of Texas A.F. A.M. established=April 16, 1838 jurisdiction=Texas grand master= location=Waco, Texas country=US… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge of Massachusetts — Infobox Grand Lodge name=Grand Lodge of Massachusetts A.F. A.M. motto latin= caption=Seal of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts A.F. A.M. established=1733 jurisdiction=Massachusetts grand master= location=Massachusetts country=USA… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge of Idaho — Infobox Grand Lodge name=Grand Lodge of Idaho A.F. A.M. motto latin=(none) caption=Seal of the Grand Lodge of Idaho A.F. A.M. established=1867 jurisdiction=Idaho grand master=Robert Pete Cargill location=Boise, Idaho country=USA… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge of Connecticut — Infobox Grand Lodge name=Grand Lodge of Connecticut A.F. A.M. motto latin= caption=Seal of the Grand Lodge of Connecticut A.F. A.M. established=May, 1789 jurisdiction=Connecticut grand master=Robert J. Stika location=Wallingford, Connecticut… …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge of Colombia — Headquarters and The Main Temple Part of a series of articles on Freemasonry Core Articles Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Lodge of Newfoundland and Labrador — The Grand Lodge of Newfoundland and Labrador A.F. A.M. is the leading regular Grand Lodge with authority over Freemasons in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It was consecrated on November 1, 1997 with 32 lodges (30 of which are …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.