Chang Dsu Yao

張祖堯
Chang Dsu Yao
Born June 14, 1918(1918-06-14)
Peixian
Died February 7, 1992(1992-02-07) (aged 73)
Taipei, Taiwan
Style Meihuaquan,
T'ai chi ch'uan
Teacher(s) Liou Pao-chün
Notable school(s) “Scuola Chang” or “Kungfu Chang”
Chang Dsu Yao
Chinese 張祖堯
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 張成勳

Chang Dsu Yao (Chinese: 張祖堯; Wade–Giles: Chang Tsu-Yao; 14 June 1918 – 7 February 1992) was a teacher of the martial arts Meihuaquan and T'ai chi ch'uan. He was also known as Chang Ch'êng Hsün (Wade-Giles) (Chinese: 張成勳).

Contents

Biography

Chang Dsu Yao was born in Chai Chi Ts'ün Village (Chinese: 柴集村), in the administrative area of Chu Chai Hsiang (Chinese: 朱寨鄉), district of Peixian (Pei-hsien) on June 14, 1918. He died in Taipei, Taiwan, on February 7, 1992. He was the sixteenth generation lineage holder of Mei Hwa Ch'üan (Meihuaquan).

He began to study Mei Hwa Ch'üan when he was six years old, and later trained under Liou Pao-chün.[1]

In 1938, he came to Kwei-lin to study at the Military School for Officers,[2] a branch of Wampoa Military Academy created in that Year, named "Military Sixth Campus" (Chinese: 軍校第六分校; Wade–Giles: Chün-hsiao Ti-liou Fên-hsiao)). Here, Chang met some important teachers, such as Chang Tung Shêng, and studied different styles of Martial Arts, such as Pa Chi Ch'üan, Pa Kwa Chang, Hsing I Ch'üan, Fu Style Pa Kwa Chang.[3] After graduation, he fought in the anti-Japanese War first and then in the Chinese Civil War with the faction of Chiang Kai-shek against the Communists.

After the defeat of Chiang Kai-shek, Chang Dsu Yao took refuge in Taiwan. In Taiwan he established contact with several famous Martial Artists such as Chêng Man-ch'ing, Liou Yün-ch'iao, Wu Ti-pang, Chang Wu-chên. He also taught Martial Arts to the Army and Police.[4] Chang wrote articles for “Wutan Tsa Chih”, a magazine founded by Liou Yun-ch'iao.

In 1974, Chang Dsu Yao retired from the Army and in 1975, he moved to Bologna, and then, in 1977, to Milan. He had many students, including his sons Chang Wei-hsin and Chang Yu-hsin, and others, such as Hsü Wên-li, Maurizio Zanetti, Enrico Lazzerini, and Roberto Fassi, with whom he wrote several books on Martial Arts.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Chang School

In Italy, people referred to Chang Dsu Yao teachings as “the School of Chang” or “Chang Kungfu”. This school is divided in two sections: Wai Chia and Neijia.[5]

  • Wai Chia
  • From Chung-yang Kwo-shü Kwan 中央國術館 di Nankin:
Kung Li Ch'üan 功力拳.
  • From Mei Hwa Ch'üan 梅花拳:
a style named Lien Pu Ch'üan 練歩拳, which is a simplified version of Meihuaquan, created in Italy and that takes the name of the famous set in Chung-yang Kwo-shü Kwan;
a set named "5 Shaolin" ("Mei Hwa Ch'üan Lao Chia" 梅花拳老架, known in Taiwan as Mei Hwa Ch'üan I-lu Chia);

"Ti Kung Ch'üan" 地功拳 o "Ti T'ang Ch'üan" 地膛拳;

other Mei Hwa Ch'üan sets (erlujia 二路架, sanlujia 三路架, ecc.);
pair exercise named "Po Chi" 搏擊 in Italy, and in Cina and in Taiwan named Tuei Ta 對打.
  • From Hung Ch'üan 洪拳:
"Hsiao Hung Ch'üan" 小洪拳;
"Ta Hung Ch'üan" 大洪拳.
  • From Ch'i Hsing T'ang Lang Ch'üan 七星螳螂拳:
the set "Pêng Pü Ch'üan" 崩歩拳.
  • From Pa Chi Ch'üan 八極拳: "Tan Ta Shang Chia" 單打上架
a set from Yüeh Chia Ch'üan 岳家拳
a set from Tsui Pa Hsien Ch'üan 醉八仙拳
T'ai chi ch'uan 楊式太極拳:
Yang-style t'ai chi ch'uan 108 postures form;
T'uei Shou 推手;
Shan Shou閃手;
Ch'in Na擒拿;
Ta Lu 大捋;
San Shou 散手.
Hsing I Ch'üan 形意拳
Wu Hsing Ch'üan 五行拳.
Fu Style Pa Kwa Chang (Fu Chen Sung style):
Lung Hsing Pa Kwa Chang 龍形八卦掌;
Liang style I Ch'üan 兩儀拳;
Ssu Hsiang Ch'üan 四象拳.
  • Ch'i Kung

In Chang Dsu Yao School there are three exercise named Pa Tüan Chin 八段錦. The first is classic Pa Tüan Chin, the other two are modern Stretching.

  • Weapons

After the graduation in Black Belt there are the study of many weapons and pair exercises with weapons. Also Weapons teaching is divided into Wai Chia and Neijia.

  • For Wai Chia, this directory came from the book "Enciclopedia del Kungfu Shaolin":
Pang 棒;
Kun 棍;
Tan Tao 單刀;
Kwai 枴;
Shuang Chieh Kun 雙節棍;
Kwan Tao 關刀;
ch'iang 槍.

Duilian Bingxie (weapons in pair exercises):

Pang tuei Pang 棒對棒;
Kun tuei Kun 棍對棍;
Tan Tao tuei Pang 單刀對棒;
Tan Tao tuei Kun 單刀對棍;
Pang tuei Kun 棒對棍;
Kwai tuei Kun 枴對棍;
Shuang Chieh Kun dui Pang 雙節棍對棒;
Gun tuei Shuang Chieh Kun 棍對雙節棍;
Kwai tuei Tan Tao 枴對單刀.
  • For Neijia, weapons came from Yang-style t'ai chi ch'uan:
T'ai Chi Tao 太極刀;
T'ai Chi Kun 太極棍;
T'ai Chi Ch'iang 太極槍;
T'ai Chi T'ieh Ch'ih 太極鐵尺;
T'ai Chi Chien 太極劍.

Duilian Bingxie (weapons in pair exercises):

T'ai Chi Tao tuei T'ai Chi Tao 太極刀對太極刀;
T'ai Chi Kun tuei T'ai Chi Kun 太極棍對太極棍;
T'ai Chi Tao tuei T'ai Chi Kun 太極刀對太極棍;
T'ai Chi Tao tuei T'ai Chi Ch'iang 太極刀對太極槍;
T'ai Chi Kun tuei T'ai Chi Ch'iang 太極棍對太極槍;
T'ai Chi Ch'iang tuei T'ai Chi Ch'iang 太極槍對太極槍;
T'ai Chi Chien tuei T'ai Chi Chien 太極劍對太極劍;
T'ai Chi T'ieh Ch'ih tuei T'ai Chi Kun 太極鐵尺對太極棍;
T'ai Chi T'ieh Ch'ih tuei T'ai Chi Ch'iang 太極鐵尺對太極槍.

Bibliography

  • Ignazio Cuturello, Giuseppe Ghezzi (1996), De Vecchi, ed., Kung Fu Shaolin, Milan, ISBN 8841220031 
  • Giuseppe Ghezzi (2004), Io e il Maestro 
  • Liu Pai Meihuaquan (劉派梅花拳), Liu Baojun School (Peixian) 
  • Peixian Wushu Zhi (沛縣武術志), Peixian, 2000 

References

  1. ^ In Pei-hsien, a Ch'üan-p'u was published entitled Liou-p'ai Meihuaquan (School of Liu Baojun), where it's stated that ... he learned Mei Hwa Ch'üan from His Hsiung-shih, like brother-master and not really a real teacher.... The article Chang Chu-yao in Pei-hsien, is reproduced in [1], and it also shows the complete lineage of Liou Pao-ch'ün.
  2. ^ Ignazio Cuturello, Giuseppe Ghezzi. Kung Fu Shaolin (Milan: De Vecchi (Eds.)). "Finishing highschool, the young Chang decided to pursue a military career and enrolled at the Military Academy in Kwei-lin" 
  3. ^ Caforio, Luigi, "Il Capostipite. Il figlio di Chang Dsu Yao ne racconta la storia e la formazione", Samurai Magazine (Italy) 
  4. ^ Nel 1949 si trasferì a formosa dove è stato istruttore delle forze armate e della polizia, Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi. L'enciclopedia del Kung Fu Shaolin, Volume 1°. Roma, Edizioni Mediterranee, 1986, pag.9
  5. ^ a b Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1986). L'enciclopedia del Kung Fu Shaolin. 1 (Edizioni Mediterranee ed.). Roma. ISBN 8827200169. 
  6. ^ Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1987). L'enciclopedia del Kung Fu Shaolin. 2 (Edizioni Mediterranee ed.). Roma. ISBN 8827202110. 
  7. ^ Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1989). L'enciclopedia del Kung Fu Shaolin. 3 (Edizioni Mediterranee ed.). Roma. ISBN 8827203567. 
  8. ^ Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1989). De Vecchi. ed. Tai Chi Chuan. Milan. ISBN 8841280263. 
  9. ^ Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1990). De Vecchi. ed. Il Kung Fu, Le Tecniche Fisiche e Mentali per L'Autodifesa. Milan. ISBN 8841280336. 
  10. ^ Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1996). De Vecchi. ed. Il Tai Chi Chuan, il segreto dell'energia vitale. Milan. ISBN 8841220139. 
  11. ^ Chang Dsu Yao, Roberto Fassi (1993). De Vecchi. ed. Corso pratico di Tai Chi Chuan. ISBN 8841220198. 

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